"Betaine" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus,
MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure,
which enables searching at various levels of specificity.
A naturally occurring compound that has been of interest for its role in osmoregulation. As a drug, betaine hydrochloride has been used as a source of hydrochloric acid in the treatment of hypochlorhydria. Betaine has also been used in the treatment of liver disorders, for hyperkalemia, for homocystinuria, and for gastrointestinal disturbances. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1341)
Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Betaine".
Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more specific than "Betaine".
This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Betaine" by people in this website by year, and whether "Betaine" was a major or minor topic of these publications.
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Below are the most recent publications written about "Betaine" by people in Profiles.
Conserved ABC Transport System Regulated by the General Stress Response Pathways of Alpha- and Gammaproteobacteria. J Bacteriol. 2017 03 01; 199(5).
A clinical puzzle: fibrates and homocysteine elevation: editorial to: "fibrates may cause an abnormal urinary betaine loss which is associated with elevations in plasma homocysteine" by M. Lever et al. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2009 Oct; 23(5):341-2.
Expression of the Kdp ATPase is consistent with regulation by turgor pressure. J Bacteriol. 1998 Oct; 180(19):5102-8.
Escherichia coli accumulates the eukaryotic osmolyte taurine at high osmolarity. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1991 Jun 15; 65(2):209-13.
Polar bonded phase with the zwitterionic sulfobetaine functional group. Comparison to silica. J Chromatogr. 1991 May 17; 544(1-2):113-23.