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Robert Rosenfield

TitleEmeritus/Emerita, Professor
InstitutionUniversity of Chicago
DepartmentPediatrics
AddressChicago IL 60637
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    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
    T32DK064582     (PHILIPSON, LOUIS H.)Jul 1, 2003 - Jun 30, 2019
    NIH
    Pediatric Endocrinology Research Training Grant
    Role: Co-Principal Investigator

    R01HD039267     (ROSENFIELD, ROBERT L)Jun 1, 2001 - May 31, 2006
    NIH
    The Molecular Basis of Ovarian Testosterone Production
    Role: Principal Investigator

    T32HD007379     (ROSENFIELD, ROBERT L)Jul 1, 1989 - Jun 30, 1993
    NIH
    PHD PREPARATION FOR PEDIATRIC SCIENCE TRAINEES
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01HD006308     (ROSENFIELD, ROBERT L)Jul 1, 1978 - Jun 30, 2003
    NIH
    FREE PLASMA SEX HORMONE AND ANDROGEN ACTION
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Rosenfield RL. The Search for the Causes of Common Hyperandrogenism, 1965 to circa 2015. Endocr Rev. 2024 Mar 08. PMID: 38457123.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    2. Rosenfield RL. Normal and Premature Adrenarche. Endocr Rev. 2021 11 16; 42(6):783-814. PMID: 33788946; PMCID: PMC8599200.
      Citations: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Rosenfield RL. Letter to the Editor: "Glucocorticoid Resistance in Premature Adrenarche and PCOS: From Childhood to Adulthood". J Endocr Soc. 2021 Jan 01; 5(1):bvaa163. PMID: 33367193; PMCID: PMC7747361.
      Citations: 2     
    4. Rosenfield RL. Current concepts of polycystic ovary syndrome pathogenesis. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2020 10; 32(5):698-706. PMID: 32889963; PMCID: PMC7774867.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    5. Rosenfield RL. Perspectives on the International Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Adolescence. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2020 Oct; 33(5):445-447. PMID: 32615268.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Klein KO, Rosenfield RL, Santen RJ, Gawlik AM, Backeljauw PF, Gravholt CH, Sas TCJ, Mauras N. Estrogen Replacement in Turner Syndrome: Literature Review and Practical Considerations. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018 05 01; 103(5):1790-1803. PMID: 29438552.
      Citations: 34     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    7. Martin KA, Anderson RR, Chang RJ, Ehrmann DA, Lobo RA, Murad MH, Pugeat MM, Rosenfield RL. Evaluation and Treatment of Hirsutism in Premenopausal Women: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2018 04 01; 103(4):1233-1257. PMID: 29522147.
      Citations: 64     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Rosenfield RL. Letter to the Editor: "Normal Pubertal Development in Daughters of Women With PCOS: A Controlled Study". J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 07 01; 102(7):2560. PMID: 28899075.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    9. Greeley SA, Littlejohn E, Husain AN, Waggoner D, Gundeti M, Rosenfield RL. The Effect of the Testis on the Ovary: Structure-Function Relationships in a Neonate with a Unilateral Ovotestis (Ovotesticular Disorder of Sex Development)?. Horm Res Paediatr. 2017; 87(3):205-212. PMID: 28253506; PMCID: PMC5805385.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    10. Rosenfield RL, Ehrmann DA. The Pathogenesis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): The Hypothesis of PCOS as Functional Ovarian Hyperandrogenism Revisited. Endocr Rev. 2016 10; 37(5):467-520. PMID: 27459230; PMCID: PMC5045492.
      Citations: 405     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    11. Rosenfield RL. The Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in Adolescents. Pediatrics. 2015 Dec; 136(6):1154-65. PMID: 26598450; PMCID: PMC9923583.
      Citations: 50     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Witchel SF, Oberfield S, Rosenfield RL, Codner E, Bonny A, Pena A, Horikawa R, Gomez-Lobo V, Joel D, Tfayli H, Arslanian S, Dabadghao P, Garcia Rudaz C, Lee PA, Ibáñez L. The Diagnosis of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome during Adolescence. Horm Res Paediatr. 2015 Apr 01. PMID: 25833060.
      Citations: 71     Fields:    
    13. Rosenfield RL, DiMeglio LA, Mauras N, Ross J, Shaw ND, Greeley SA, Haymond M, Rubin K, Rhodes ET. Commentary: Launch of a quality improvement network for evidence-based management of uncommon pediatric endocrine disorders: Turner syndrome as a prototype. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Apr; 100(4):1234-6. PMID: 25844763; PMCID: PMC5393512.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Rosenfield RL, Ehrmann DA, Littlejohn EE. Adolescent polycystic ovary syndrome due to functional ovarian hyperandrogenism persists into adulthood. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2015 Apr; 100(4):1537-43. PMID: 25675386; PMCID: PMC4399308.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Rosenfield RL. The Polycystic Ovary Morphology-Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Spectrum. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2015 Dec; 28(6):412-9. PMID: 25840648; PMCID: PMC4387116.
      Citations: 20     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Rosenfield RL. Clinical review: Adolescent anovulation: maturational mechanisms and implications. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Sep; 98(9):3572-83. PMID: 23913942; PMCID: PMC3763969.
      Citations: 40     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Rosenfield RL, Bordini B, Yu C. Comparison of detection of normal puberty in girls by a hormonal sleep test and a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist test. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013 Apr; 98(4):1591-601. PMID: 23457407; PMCID: PMC3615202.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    18. Rosenfield RL, Bordini B, Yu C. Comparison of detection of normal puberty in boys by a hormonal sleep test and a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist test. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Dec; 97(12):4596-604. PMID: 23043188; PMCID: PMC3513543.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    19. Welt CK, Styrkarsdottir U, Ehrmann DA, Thorleifsson G, Arason G, Gudmundsson JA, Ober C, Rosenfield RL, Saxena R, Thorsteinsdottir U, Crowley WF, Stefansson K. Variants in DENND1A are associated with polycystic ovary syndrome in women of European ancestry. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Jul; 97(7):E1342-7. PMID: 22547425; PMCID: PMC3387396.
      Citations: 62     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Rosenfield RL, Wroblewski K, Padmanabhan V, Littlejohn E, Mortensen M, Ehrmann DA. Antimüllerian hormone levels are independently related to ovarian hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovaries. Fertil Steril. 2012 Jul; 98(1):242-9. PMID: 22541936; PMCID: PMC3597099.
      Citations: 23     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    21. Levine RJ, Genel M, Cuttler L, Becker DJ, Nieman L, Rosenfield RL. Overcoming burdens in the regulation of clinical research in children. Proceedings of a consensus conference, in historical context. Int J Pediatr Endocrinol. 2011 Dec 30; 2011(1):19. PMID: 22208165; PMCID: PMC3276425.
      Citations: 4     
    22. Rosenfield RL, Mortensen M, Wroblewski K, Littlejohn E, Ehrmann DA. Determination of the source of androgen excess in functionally atypical polycystic ovary syndrome by a short dexamethasone androgen-suppression test and a low-dose ACTH test. Hum Reprod. 2011 Nov; 26(11):3138-46. PMID: 21908468; PMCID: PMC3196876.
      Citations: 30     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Gregg B, Kociolek LK, Qin K, Rosenfield RL, Yu C. P450c17 deficiency caused by compound heterozygosity for two novel mutations presenting as hypotension in early infancy. Horm Res Paediatr. 2011; 76(6):434-41. PMID: 21822006.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Deplewski D, Qin K, Ciletti N, Rosenfield RL. Unique mode of lipogenic activation in rat preputial sebocytes. J Nutr Metab. 2011; 2011:163631. PMID: 21808727; PMCID: PMC3144693.
      Citations: 3     
    25. Bordini B, Rosenfield RL. Normal pubertal development: part II: clinical aspects of puberty. Pediatr Rev. 2011 Jul; 32(7):281-92. PMID: 21724902.
      Citations: 31     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Bordini B, Rosenfield RL. Normal pubertal development: Part I: The endocrine basis of puberty. Pediatr Rev. 2011 Jun; 32(6):223-9. PMID: 21632873.
      Citations: 36     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Cuttler L, Rosenfield RL. Assessing the value of treatments to increase height. N Engl J Med. 2011 Mar 31; 364(13):1274-6. PMID: 21449792.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Qin K, Rosenfield RL. Mutations of the hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase gene rarely cause hyperandrogenemic polycystic ovary syndrome. Steroids. 2011 Jan; 76(1-2):135-9. PMID: 21050867; PMCID: PMC3023921.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    29. Rosenfield RL, Bordini B. Evidence that obesity and androgens have independent and opposing effects on gonadotropin production from puberty to maturity. Brain Res. 2010 Dec 10; 1364:186-97. PMID: 20816944; PMCID: PMC2992573.
      Citations: 34     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    30. Bordini B, Littlejohn E, Rosenfield RL. LH Dynamics in Overweight Girls with Premature Adrenarche and Slowly Progressive Sexual Precocity. Int J Pediatr Endocrinol. 2010; 2010. PMID: 20886012; PMCID: PMC2945655.
      Citations: 7     
    31. Zimmer CA, Ehrmann DA, Rosenfield RL. Potential diagnostic utility of intermittent administration of short-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist in gonadotropin deficiency. Fertil Steril. 2010 Dec; 94(7):2697-702. PMID: 20553679; PMCID: PMC2944005.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    32. Du X, Rosenfield RL, Qin K. KLF15 Is a transcriptional regulator of the human 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 5 gene. A potential link between regulation of testosterone production and fat stores in women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Jul; 94(7):2594-601. PMID: 19366843; PMCID: PMC2708951.
      Citations: 29     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    33. Eugster EA, Rogol A, Ghizzoni L, Palmert MR, ESPE-LWPES GnRH Analogs Consensus Conference Group, Antoniazzi F, Berenbaum S, Bourguignon JP, Chrousos GP, Deal S, de Vries L, Foster C, Heger S, Holland J, Jahnukainen K, Juul A, Kaplowitz P, Lahlou N, Lee MM, Lee P, Merke DP, Neely EK, Oostdijk W, Phillip M, Rosenfield RL, Shulman D, Styne D, Wit JM, Carel JC, Coste J, Tauber M. Consensus statement on the use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs in children. Pediatrics. 2009 Apr; 123(4):e752-62. PMID: 19332438.
      Citations: 217     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Mortensen M, Ehrmann DA, Littlejohn E, Rosenfield RL. Asymptomatic volunteers with a polycystic ovary are a functionally distinct but heterogeneous population. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 May; 94(5):1579-86. PMID: 19240158; PMCID: PMC2684482.
      Citations: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Hirshfeld-Cytron J, Barnes RB, Ehrmann DA, Caruso A, Mortensen MM, Rosenfield RL. Characterization of functionally typical and atypical types of polycystic ovary syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 May; 94(5):1587-94. PMID: 19240152; PMCID: PMC2684483.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    36. Bordini B, Littlejohn E, Rosenfield RL. Blunted sleep-related luteinizing hormone rise in healthy premenarcheal pubertal girls with elevated body mass index. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Apr; 94(4):1168-75. PMID: 19190110; PMCID: PMC2682481.
      Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Rosenfield RL, Lipton RB, Drum ML. Thelarche, pubarche, and menarche attainment in children with normal and elevated body mass index. Pediatrics. 2009 Jan; 123(1):84-8. PMID: 19117864.
      Citations: 134     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Rosenfield RL. What every physician should know about polycystic ovary syndrome. Dermatol Ther. 2008 Sep-Oct; 21(5):354-61. PMID: 18844713.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Rosenfield RL. Perspectives on the endocrine society clinical practice guideline for the evaluation and treatment of women with hirsutism. Endokrynol Pol. 2008 May-Jun; 59(3):254-5. PMID: 18615402.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Martin KA, Chang RJ, Ehrmann DA, Ibanez L, Lobo RA, Rosenfield RL, Shapiro J, Montori VM, Swiglo BA. Evaluation and treatment of hirsutism in premenopausal women: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Apr; 93(4):1105-20. PMID: 18252793.
      Citations: 68     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Nowaczyk MJ, Carter MT, Xu J, Huggins M, Raca G, Das S, Martin CL, Schwartz S, Rosenfield R, Waggoner DJ. Paternal deletion 6q24.3: a new congenital anomaly syndrome associated with intrauterine growth failure, early developmental delay and characteristic facial appearance. Am J Med Genet A. 2008 Feb 01; 146A(3):354-60. PMID: 18203180.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    42. Rosenfield RL. Improving balance in regulatory oversight of research in children and adolescents: a clinical investigator's perspective. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008; 1135:287-95. PMID: 18574235.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Rosenfield RL. Does a primary acceleration of LH pulse frequency underlie an association between central precocious puberty and polycystic ovary syndrome? Commentary on Escobar ME et al: Acceleration of LH pulse frequency in adolescent girls with a history of central precocious puberty with versus without hyperandrogenism (Horm Res 2007;68:278-285). Horm Res. 2007; 68(6):286-7. PMID: 17587858.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Zouboulis CC, Chen WC, Thornton MJ, Qin K, Rosenfield R. Sexual hormones in human skin. Horm Metab Res. 2007 Feb; 39(2):85-95. PMID: 17326004.
      Citations: 79     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    45. Bhagavath B, Xu N, Ozata M, Rosenfield RL, Bick DP, Sherins RJ, Layman LC. KAL1 mutations are not a common cause of idiopathic hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism in humans. Mol Hum Reprod. 2007 Mar; 13(3):165-70. PMID: 17213338.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Littlejohn EE, Weiss RE, Deplewski D, Edidin DV, Rosenfield R. Intractable early childhood obesity as the initial sign of insulin resistant hyperinsulinism and precursor of polycystic ovary syndrome. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Jan; 20(1):41-51. PMID: 17315528.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Rosenfield RL. Clinical review: Identifying children at risk for polycystic ovary syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Mar; 92(3):787-96. PMID: 17179197.
      Citations: 78     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Mortensen M, Rosenfield RL, Littlejohn E. Functional significance of polycystic-size ovaries in healthy adolescents. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Oct; 91(10):3786-90. PMID: 16895960.
      Citations: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Leibel NI, Baumann EE, Kocherginsky M, Rosenfield RL. Relationship of adolescent polycystic ovary syndrome to parental metabolic syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Apr; 91(4):1275-83. PMID: 16449341.
      Citations: 29     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Drobac S, Rubin K, Rogol AD, Rosenfield RL. A workshop on pubertal hormone replacement options in the United States. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Jan; 19(1):55-64. PMID: 16509529.
      Citations: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Rosenfield RL. Clinical practice. Hirsutism. N Engl J Med. 2005 Dec 15; 353(24):2578-88. PMID: 16354894.
      Citations: 60     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    52. Rosenfield RL. Hirsutism and the variable response of the pilosebaceous unit to androgen. J Investig Dermatol Symp Proc. 2005 Dec; 10(3):205-8. PMID: 16382665.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Qin K, Ehrmann DA, Cox N, Refetoff S, Rosenfield RL. Identification of a functional polymorphism of the human type 5 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase gene associated with polycystic ovary syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Jan; 91(1):270-6. PMID: 16263811; PMCID: PMC1522092.
      Citations: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Rosenfield RL, Devine N, Hunold JJ, Mauras N, Moshang T, Root AW. Salutary effects of combining early very low-dose systemic estradiol with growth hormone therapy in girls with Turner syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Dec; 90(12):6424-30. PMID: 16189255.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Buggs C, Rosenfield RL. Polycystic ovary syndrome in adolescence. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2005 Sep; 34(3):677-705, x. PMID: 16085166; PMCID: PMC3477606.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Qin K, Rosenfield RL. Characterization of the basal promoter element of the human type 5 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase gene. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2005 May 01; 1728(3):115-25. PMID: 15814298.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    57. Elsholz DD, Padmanabhan V, Rosenfield RL, Olton PR, Phillips DJ, Foster CM. GnRH agonist stimulation of the pituitary-gonadal axis in children: age and sex differences in circulating inhibin-B and activin-A. Hum Reprod. 2004 Dec; 19(12):2748-58. PMID: 15513981.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    58. Rosenfield RL, Barnes RB, Ehrmann DA, Toledano AY. The value of the low-dose dexamethasone suppression test in the differential diagnosis of hyperandrogenism in women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Dec; 88(12):6115; author reply 6115-6. PMID: 14671222.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Sardani Y, Qin K, Haas M, Aronson AJ, Rosenfield RL. Bartter syndrome complicated by immune complex nephropathy. Case report and literature review. Pediatr Nephrol. 2003 Sep; 18(9):913-8. PMID: 12836094.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Alonso LC, Rosenfield RL. Molecular genetic and endocrine mechanisms of hair growth. Horm Res. 2003; 60(1):1-13. PMID: 12792148.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    61. Rosenfield RL, Rosenfield RL. Serum cortisol and 17-hydroxyprogesterone concentrations in children with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Jun; 87(6):2993; author reply 2993. PMID: 12050289.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Alonso LC, Rosenfield RL. Oestrogens and puberty. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Mar; 16(1):13-30. PMID: 11987895.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    63. Kiess W, Conway G, Ritzen M, Rosenfield R, Bernasconi S, Juul A, van Pareren Y, de Muinck Keizer-Schrama SM, Bourguignon JP. Induction of puberty in the hypogonadal girl--practices and attitudes of pediatric endocrinologists in Europe. Horm Res. 2002; 57(1-2):66-71. PMID: 12006724.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    64. Rosenfield RL, Wu PP, Ciletti N, Rosenfield RL, Wu PP, Ciletti N. Sebaceous epithelial cell differentiation requires cyclic adenosine monophosphate generation. In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim. 2002 Jan; 38(1):54-7. PMID: 11963970.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    65. Barnes RB, Namnoum AB, Rosenfield RL, Layman LC. The role of LH and FSH in ovarian androgen secretion and ovarian follicular development: clinical studies in a patient with isolated FSH deficiency and multicystic ovaries. Hum Reprod. 2002 Jan; 17(1):88-91. PMID: 11756367.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    66. Nelson VL, Qin KN, Rosenfield RL, Wood JR, Penning TM, Legro RS, Strauss JF, McAllister JM. The biochemical basis for increased testosterone production in theca cells propagated from patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Dec; 86(12):5925-33. PMID: 11739466.
      Citations: 105     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    67. Kim MJ, Deplewski D, Ciletti N, Michel S, Reichert U, Rosenfield RL. Limited cooperation between peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors and retinoid X receptor agonists in sebocyte growth and development. Mol Genet Metab. 2001 Nov; 74(3):362-9. PMID: 11708867.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    68. Rosenfield RL, Rosenfield RL. Polycystic ovary syndrome and insulin-resistant hyperinsulinemia. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2001 Sep; 45(3 Suppl):S95-104. PMID: 11511859.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. Barnes RB, Rosenfield RL, Namnoum A, Layman LC. Effect of follicle-stimulating hormone on ovarian androgen production in a woman with isolated follicle-stimulating hormone deficiency. N Engl J Med. 2000 Oct 19; 343(16):1197-8. PMID: 11041762.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    70. Rosenfield RL, Bachrach LK, Chernausek SD, Gertner JM, Gottschalk M, Hardin DS, Pescovitz OH, Saenger P. Current age of onset of puberty. Pediatrics. 2000 Sep; 106(3):622-3. PMID: 11012339.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    71. Deplewski D, Rosenfield RL. Role of hormones in pilosebaceous unit development. Endocr Rev. 2000 Aug; 21(4):363-92. PMID: 10950157.
      Citations: 67     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    72. Kim SS, Rosenfield RL. Hyperhidrosis as the only manifestation of hyperandrogenism in an adolescent girl. Arch Dermatol. 2000 Mar; 136(3):430-1. PMID: 10724221.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    73. Kim MJ, Ciletti N, Michel S, Reichert U, Rosenfield RL. The role of specific retinoid receptors in sebocyte growth and differentiation in culture. J Invest Dermatol. 2000 Feb; 114(2):349-53. PMID: 10651997.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    74. Qin KN, Rosenfield RL. Expression of 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 5 in human ovary: a pilot study. J Soc Gynecol Investig. 2000 Jan-Feb; 7(1):61-4. PMID: 10732317.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    75. Rosenfield RL, Deplewski D, Greene ME, Rosenfield RL, Deplewski D, Greene ME. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors and skin development. Horm Res. 2000; 54(5-6):269-74. PMID: 11595816.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    76. Rosenfield RL, Perovic N, Devine N. Optimizing estrogen replacement in adolescents with Turner syndrome. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2000; 900:213-4. PMID: 10818408.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    77. Rosenfield RL, Ghai K, Ehrmann DA, Barnes RB. Diagnosis of the polycystic ovary syndrome in adolescence: comparison of adolescent and adult hyperandrogenism. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2000; 13 Suppl 5:1285-9. PMID: 11117671.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    78. Spiro RP, Christian SL, Ledbetter DH, New MI, Wilson RC, Roizen N, Rosenfield RL. Intrauterine growth retardation associated with maternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 6 unmasked by congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Pediatr Res. 1999 Nov; 46(5):510-3. PMID: 10541311.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    79. Deplewski D, Rosenfield RL. Growth hormone and insulin-like growth factors have different effects on sebaceous cell growth and differentiation. Endocrinology. 1999 Sep; 140(9):4089-94. PMID: 10465280.
      Citations: 35     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    80. Rosenfield RL. Ovarian and adrenal function in polycystic ovary syndrome. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1999 Jun; 28(2):265-93. PMID: 10352919.
      Citations: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    81. Rosenfield RL, Kentsis A, Deplewski D, Ciletti N. Rat preputial sebocyte differentiation involves peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors. J Invest Dermatol. 1999 Feb; 112(2):226-32. PMID: 9989800.
      Citations: 33     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    82. Ehrmann DA, Barnes RB, Rosenfield RL, Cavaghan MK, Imperial J. Prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Diabetes Care. 1999 Jan; 22(1):141-6. PMID: 10333916.
      Citations: 256     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    83. Christian SL, Rich BH, Loebl C, Israel J, Vasa R, Kittikamron K, Spiro R, Rosenfield R, Ledbetter DH. Significance of genetic testing for paternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 6 in neonatal diabetes mellitus. J Pediatr. 1999 Jan; 134(1):42-6. PMID: 9880447.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    84. Qin KN, Rosenfield RL. Role of cytochrome P450c17 in polycystic ovary syndrome. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1998 Oct 25; 145(1-2):111-21. PMID: 9922107.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    85. Rosenfield RL, Perovic N, Devine N, Mauras N, Moshang T, Root AW, Sy JP. Optimizing estrogen replacement treatment in Turner syndrome. Pediatrics. 1998 Aug; 102(2 Pt 3):486-8. PMID: 9685449.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    86. Rosenfield RL, Deplewski D, Kentsis A, Ciletti N. Mechanisms of androgen induction of sebocyte differentiation. Dermatology. 1998; 196(1):43-6. PMID: 9557223.
      Citations: 28     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    87. Rosenfield RL. Is polycystic ovary syndrome a neuroendocrine or an ovarian disorder? Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1997 Oct; 47(4):423-4. PMID: 9404439.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    88. Deplewski D, Liao S, Rosenfield RL. Preputial sebocyte 5alpha-reductase isoform specificity. Endocrinology. 1997 Oct; 138(10):4416-20. PMID: 9322958.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    89. Ehrmann DA, Schneider DJ, Sobel BE, Cavaghan MK, Imperial J, Rosenfield RL, Polonsky KS. Troglitazone improves defects in insulin action, insulin secretion, ovarian steroidogenesis, and fibrinolysis in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1997 Jul; 82(7):2108-16. PMID: 9215280.
      Citations: 54     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    90. Levrant SG, Barnes RB, Rosenfield RL. A pilot study of the human chorionic gonadotrophin test for ovarian hyperandrogenism. Hum Reprod. 1997 Jul; 12(7):1416-20. PMID: 9262268.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    91. Goddard AD, Dowd P, Chernausek S, Geffner M, Gertner J, Hintz R, Hopwood N, Kaplan S, Plotnick L, Rogol A, Rosenfield R, Saenger P, Mauras N, Hershkopf R, Angulo M, Attie K. Partial growth-hormone insensitivity: the role of growth-hormone receptor mutations in idiopathic short stature. J Pediatr. 1997 Jul; 131(1 Pt 2):S51-5. PMID: 9255229.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    92. Rosenfield RL. Current concepts of polycystic ovary syndrome. Baillieres Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 1997 Jun; 11(2):307-33. PMID: 9536213.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    93. Ehrmann DA, Cavaghan MK, Imperial J, Sturis J, Rosenfield RL, Polonsky KS. Effects of metformin on insulin secretion, insulin action, and ovarian steroidogenesis in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1997 Feb; 82(2):524-30. PMID: 9024248.
      Citations: 40     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    94. Rosenthal IM, Refetoff S, Rich B, Barnes RB, Sunthornthepvarakul T, Parma J, Rosenfield RL. Response to challenge with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist in a mother and her two sons with a constitutively activating mutation of the luteinizing hormone receptor--a clinical research center study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1996 Oct; 81(10):3802-6. PMID: 8855841.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    95. Rosenfield RL, Perovic N, Ehrmann DA, Barnes RB. Acute hormonal responses to the gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist leuprolide: dose-response studies and comparison to nafarelin--a clinical research center study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1996 Sep; 81(9):3408-11. PMID: 8784105.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    96. Rosenfield RL. Essentials of growth diagnosis. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1996 Sep; 25(3):743-58. PMID: 8879997.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    97. Kirkland J, Saenger P, MacGillivray M, LaFranchi S, Rosenfield R. Physician and clinic charges for diagnosing growth hormone deficiency. J Pediatr. 1996 May; 128(5 Pt 2):S61-2. PMID: 8627473.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    98. Kyllo JH, Collins MM, Vetter KL, Cuttler L, Rosenfield RL, Donohoue PA. Linkage of congenital isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency to the corticotropin releasing hormone locus using simple sequence repeat polymorphisms. Am J Med Genet. 1996 Mar 29; 62(3):262-7. PMID: 8882784.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    99. Rosenfield RL. Evidence that idiopathic functional adrenal hyperandrogenism is caused by dysregulation of adrenal steroidogenesis and that hyperinsulinemia may be involved. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1996 Mar; 81(3):878-80. PMID: 8772543.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    100. Rosenfield RL. Are adrenal and ovarian function normal in true precocious puberty? Eur J Endocrinol. 1995 Oct; 133(4):399-400. PMID: 7581960.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    101. Ghai K, Cara JF, Rosenfield RL. Gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (nafarelin) test to differentiate gonadotropin deficiency from constitutionally delayed puberty in teen-age boys--a clinical research center study. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1995 Oct; 80(10):2980-6. PMID: 7559884.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    102. Ehrmann DA, Sturis J, Byrne MM, Karrison T, Rosenfield RL, Polonsky KS. Insulin secretory defects in polycystic ovary syndrome. Relationship to insulin sensitivity and family history of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. J Clin Invest. 1995 Jul; 96(1):520-7. PMID: 7615824; PMCID: PMC185226.
      Citations: 85     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    103. Ehrmann DA, Barnes RB, Rosenfield RL. Polycystic ovary syndrome as a form of functional ovarian hyperandrogenism due to dysregulation of androgen secretion. Endocr Rev. 1995 Jun; 16(3):322-53. PMID: 7671850.
      Citations: 101     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    104. Rosenfield RL, Deplewski D. Role of androgens in the developmental biology of the pilosebaceous unit. Am J Med. 1995 Jan 16; 98(1A):80S-88S. PMID: 7825644.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    105. Rosenfield RL, Barnes RB, Ehrmann DA. Studies of the nature of 17-hydroxyprogesterone hyperresonsiveness to gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist challenge in functional ovarian hyperandrogenism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Dec; 79(6):1686-92. PMID: 7989476.
      Citations: 26     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    106. Barnes RB, Rosenfield RL, Ehrmann DA, Cara JF, Cuttler L, Levitsky LL, Rosenthal IM. Ovarian hyperandrogynism as a result of congenital adrenal virilizing disorders: evidence for perinatal masculinization of neuroendocrine function in women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Nov; 79(5):1328-33. PMID: 7962325.
      Citations: 91     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    107. Miyake K, Ciletti N, Liao S, Rosenfield RL. Androgen receptor expression in the preputial gland and its sebocytes. J Invest Dermatol. 1994 Nov; 103(5):721-5. PMID: 7963662.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    108. Ghai K, Rosenfield RL. Maturation of the normal pituitary-testicular axis, as assessed by gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist challenge. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Jun; 78(6):1336-40. PMID: 8200935.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    109. Rosenfield RL. Selection of children with precocious puberty for treatment with gonadotropin releasing hormone analogs. J Pediatr. 1994 Jun; 124(6):989-91. PMID: 8201493.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    110. Sanchez R, Laflamme N, Rosenfield RL, Labrie F, Simard J, Rhéaume E. Detection and functional characterization of the novel missense mutation Y254D in type II 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3 beta HSD) gene of a female patient with nonsalt-losing 3 beta HSD deficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1994 Mar; 78(3):561-7. PMID: 8126127.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    111. Rosenfield RL. Normal and almost normal precocious variations in pubertal development premature pubarche and premature thelarche revisited. Horm Res. 1994; 41 Suppl 2:7-13. PMID: 8088707.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    112. Rosenfield RL, Lucky AW. Acne, hirsutism, and alopecia in adolescent girls. Clinical expressions of androgen excess. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1993 Sep; 22(3):507-32. PMID: 8243445.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    113. Rosenfield RL, Barnes RB. Menstrual disorders in adolescence. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1993 Sep; 22(3):491-505. PMID: 8243444.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    114. Goodpasture JC, Ghai K, Cara JF, Rosenfield RL. Potential of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists in the diagnosis of pubertal disorders in girls. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Sep; 36(3):773-85. PMID: 8403624.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    115. Rosenfield RL, Ehrmann DA, Barnes RB, Sheikh Z. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist as a probe for the pathogenesis and diagnosis of ovarian hyperandrogenism. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1993 May 28; 687:162-81. PMID: 8323171.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    116. O'Meara NM, Blackman JD, Ehrmann DA, Barnes RB, Jaspan JB, Rosenfield RL, Polonsky KS. Defects in beta-cell function in functional ovarian hyperandrogenism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1993 May; 76(5):1241-7. PMID: 8496316.
      Citations: 56     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    117. Barnes RB, Ehrmann DA, Brigell DF, Rosenfield RL. Ovarian steroidogenic responses to gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist testing with nafarelin in hirsute women with adrenal responses to adrenocorticotropin suggestive of 3 beta-hydroxy-delta 5-steroid dehydrogenase deficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1993 Feb; 76(2):450-5. PMID: 8381802.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    118. Cuttler L, Rosenfield RL, Ehrmann DA, Kreiter M, Burstein S, Cara JF, Levitsky LL. Maturation of gonadotropin and sex steroid responses to gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist in males. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1993 Feb; 76(2):362-6. PMID: 8432780.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    119. Ehrmann DA, Rosenfield RL, Barnes RB, Brigell DF, Sheikh Z. Detection of functional ovarian hyperandrogenism in women with androgen excess. N Engl J Med. 1992 Jul 16; 327(3):157-62. PMID: 1319000.
      Citations: 46     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    120. Brigell DF, Fang VS, Rosenfield RL. Recovery of responses to ovine corticotropin-releasing hormone after withdrawal of a short course of glucocorticoid. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1992 May; 74(5):1036-9. PMID: 1314844.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    121. Cara JF, Kreiter ML, Rosenfield RL. Height prognosis of children with true precocious puberty and growth hormone deficiency: effect of combination therapy with gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist and growth hormone. J Pediatr. 1992 May; 120(5):709-15. PMID: 1533661.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    122. Laurent SJ, Mednieks MI, Rosenfield RL. Growth of sebaceous cells in monolayer culture. In Vitro Cell Dev Biol. 1992 Feb; 28A(2):83-9. PMID: 1371506.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    123. Rosenfield RL, Helke J. Is an immunoassay available for the measurement of bioactive LH in serum? J Androl. 1992 Jan-Feb; 13(1):1-10. PMID: 1551801.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    124. Ris-Stalpers C, Trifiro MA, Kuiper GG, Jenster G, Romalo G, Sai T, van Rooij HC, Kaufman M, Rosenfield RL, Liao S, et al. Substitution of aspartic acid-686 by histidine or asparagine in the human androgen receptor leads to a functionally inactive protein with altered hormone-binding characteristics. Mol Endocrinol. 1991 Oct; 5(10):1562-9. PMID: 1775137.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    125. Mednieks MI, Laurent SJ, Hand AR, Rosenfield RL. Cyclic AMP-receptor protein activity in rat preputial cells. J Invest Dermatol. 1991 Sep; 97(3):517-23. PMID: 1875052.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    126. Ehrmann DA, Rosenfield RL. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist testing of pituitary-gonadal function. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 1991 May-Jun; 2(3):86-91. PMID: 18411171.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    127. Rosenfield RL. Puberty and its disorders in girls. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1991 Mar; 20(1):15-42. PMID: 2029884.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    128. Rosenfield RL. Hyperandrogenism in peripubertal girls. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1990 Dec; 37(6):1333-58. PMID: 2259543.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    129. Ehrmann DA, Rosenfield RL. Hirsutism--beyond the steroidogenic block. N Engl J Med. 1990 Sep 27; 323(13):909-11. PMID: 2168517.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    130. Kreiter M, Burstein S, Rosenfield RL, Moll GW, Cara JF, Yousefzadeh DK, Cuttler L, Levitsky LL. Preserving adult height potential in girls with idiopathic true precocious puberty. J Pediatr. 1990 Sep; 117(3):364-70. PMID: 2144020.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    131. Cara JF, Fan J, Azzarello J, Rosenfield RL. Insulin-like growth factor-I enhances luteinizing hormone binding to rat ovarian theca-interstitial cells. J Clin Invest. 1990 Aug; 86(2):560-5. PMID: 2384603; PMCID: PMC296761.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    132. Ehrmann DA, Rosenfield RL. Clinical review 10: An endocrinologic approach to the patient with hirsutism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1990 Jul; 71(1):1-4. PMID: 2196276.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    133. Rosenfield RL, Barnes RB, Cara JF, Lucky AW. Dysregulation of cytochrome P450c 17 alpha as the cause of polycystic ovarian syndrome. Fertil Steril. 1990 May; 53(5):785-91. PMID: 2185040.
      Citations: 42     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    134. Rosenfield RL. Clinical review 6: Diagnosis and management of delayed puberty. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1990 Mar; 70(3):559-62. PMID: 2407749.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    135. Rosenfield RL, Burstein S, Cuttler L, Cara JF, Levitsky LL, Barnes RB, Ehrmann D. Use of nafarelin for testing pituitary-ovarian function. J Reprod Med. 1989 Dec; 34(12 Suppl):1044-50. PMID: 2533621.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    136. Ehrmann DA, Rosenfield RL, Cuttler L, Burstein S, Cara JF, Levitsky LL. A new test of combined pituitary-testicular function using the gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist nafarelin in the differentiation of gonadotropin deficiency from delayed puberty: pilot studies. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1989 Nov; 69(5):963-7. PMID: 2529266.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    137. Cara JF, Burstein S, Cuttler L, Moll GW, Rosenfield RL. Growth hormone deficiency impedes the rise in plasma insulin-like growth factor I levels associated with precocious puberty. J Pediatr. 1989 Jul; 115(1):64-8. PMID: 2738797.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    138. Rosenfield RL. Relationship of sebaceous cell stage to growth in culture. J Invest Dermatol. 1989 May; 92(5):751-4. PMID: 2715646.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    139. Barnes RB, Rosenfield RL, Burstein S, Ehrmann DA. Pituitary-ovarian responses to nafarelin testing in the polycystic ovary syndrome. N Engl J Med. 1989 Mar 02; 320(9):559-65. PMID: 2521688.
      Citations: 44     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    140. Barnes R, Rosenfield RL. The polycystic ovary syndrome: pathogenesis and treatment. Ann Intern Med. 1989 Mar 01; 110(5):386-99. PMID: 2492787.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    141. Cara JF, Rosenfield RL. Insulin-like growth factor I and insulin potentiate luteinizing hormone-induced androgen synthesis by rat ovarian thecal-interstitial cells. Endocrinology. 1988 Aug; 123(2):733-9. PMID: 2969325.
      Citations: 62     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    142. Watson AC, Rosenfield RL, Fang VS. Recovery from glucocorticoid inhibition of the responses to corticotrophin-releasing hormone. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1988 May; 28(5):471-7. PMID: 2850875.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    143. Sarne DH, Refetoff S, Rosenfield RL, Farriaux JP. Sex hormone-binding globulin in the diagnosis of peripheral tissue resistance to thyroid hormone: the value of changes after short term triiodothyronine administration. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1988 Apr; 66(4):740-6. PMID: 3346353.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    144. Rosenfield RL, Cohen RM, Talerman A. Lipid cell tumor of the ovary in reference to adult-onset congenital adrenal hyperplasia and polycystic ovary syndrome. A case report. J Reprod Med. 1987 May; 32(5):363-9. PMID: 3598985.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    145. Cara JF, Rosenfield RL, Furlanetto RW. A longitudinal study of the relationship of plasma somatomedin-C concentration to the pubertal growth spurt. Am J Dis Child. 1987 May; 141(5):562-4. PMID: 3578171.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    146. Reingold SB, Rosenfield RL. The relationship of mild hirsutism or acne in women to androgens. Arch Dermatol. 1987 Feb; 123(2):209-12. PMID: 2949707.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    147. Rosenfield RL, Garibaldi LR, Moll GW, Watson AC, Burstein S. The rapid ovarian secretory response to pituitary stimulation by the gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist nafarelin in sexual precocity. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1986 Dec; 63(6):1386-9. PMID: 2946712.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    148. Burstein S, Rosenfield RL. Pubertal data for growth velocity charts. J Pediatr. 1986 Sep; 109(3):564-5. PMID: 3746557.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    149. Moll GW, Rosenfield RL. Estradiol inhibition of pituitary luteinizing hormone release is antagonized by serum proteins. J Steroid Biochem. 1986 Sep; 25(3):309-14. PMID: 3534463.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    150. Rosenfield RL. Low-dose testosterone effect on somatic growth. Pediatrics. 1986 Jun; 77(6):853-7. PMID: 3714378.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    151. Rosenfield RL. Pilosebaceous physiology in relation to hirsutism and acne. Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1986 May; 15(2):341-62. PMID: 2941189.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    152. Maudelonde T, Rosenfield RL, Shuler CF, Schwartz SA. Studies of androgen metabolism and action in cultured hair and skin cells. J Steroid Biochem. 1986 May; 24(5):1053-60. PMID: 2425154.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    153. Lucky AW, Rosenfield RL, McGuire J, Rudy S, Helke J. Adrenal androgen hyperresponsiveness to adrenocorticotropin in women with acne and/or hirsutism: adrenal enzyme defects and exaggerated adrenarche. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1986 May; 62(5):840-8. PMID: 3007557.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    154. Moll GW, Rosenfield RL, Fang VS. Administration of low-dose estrogen rapidly and directly stimulates growth hormone production. Am J Dis Child. 1986 Feb; 140(2):124-7. PMID: 3946321.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    155. Burstein S, Schaff-Blass E, Blass J, Rosenfield RL. The changing ratio of bioactive to immunoreactive luteinizing hormone (LH) through puberty principally reflects changing LH radioimmunoassay dose-response characteristics. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1985 Sep; 61(3):508-13. PMID: 3894406.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCells
    156. Rosenfield RL, Furlanetto R. Physiologic testosterone or estradiol induction of puberty increases plasma somatomedin-C. J Pediatr. 1985 Sep; 107(3):415-7. PMID: 4040964.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    157. Rosenfield RL, Helke J, Lucky AW. Dexamethasone preparation does not alter corticoid and androgen responses to adrenocorticotropin. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1985 Mar; 60(3):585-9. PMID: 2982902.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    158. Schaff-Blass E, Burstein S, Rosenfield RL. Advances in diagnosis and treatment of short stature, with special reference to the role of growth hormone. J Pediatr. 1984 Jun; 104(6):801-13. PMID: 6427436.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    159. Moll GW, Rosenfield RL. Direct inhibitory effect of estradiol on pituitary luteinizing hormone responsiveness to luteinizing hormone releasing hormone is specific and of rapid onset. Biol Reprod. 1984 Feb; 30(1):59-66. PMID: 6365188.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    160. Glickman SP, Rosenfield RL. Androgen metabolism by isolated hairs from women with idiopathic hirsutism is usually normal. J Invest Dermatol. 1984 Jan; 82(1):62-6. PMID: 6690632.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    161. Rosenfield RL. Puberty in girls born to infertile women after gonadotropin therapy. JAMA. 1983 Dec 16; 250(23):3201. PMID: 6417360.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    162. Rosenfield RL. Toward optimal estrogen-replacement therapy. N Engl J Med. 1983 Nov 03; 309(18):1120-1. PMID: 6684732.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    163. Lucky AW, McGuire J, Rosenfield RL, Lucky PA, Rich BH. Plasma androgens in women with acne vulgaris. J Invest Dermatol. 1983 Jul; 81(1):70-4. PMID: 6223099.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    164. Moll GW, Rosenfield RL. Plasma free testosterone in the diagnosis of adolescent polycystic ovary syndrome. J Pediatr. 1983 Mar; 102(3):461-4. PMID: 6219196.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    165. Schaff-Blass E, Rosenfield RL. Evaluation of women with hirsutism. Compr Ther. 1983 Feb; 9(2):25-32. PMID: 6340936.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    166. Rosenfield RL, Rich BH, Lucky AW. Adrenarche as a cause of benign pseudopuberty in boys. J Pediatr. 1982 Dec; 101(6):1005-9. PMID: 6216332.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    167. Glickman SP, Rosenfield RL, Bergenstal RM, Helke J. Multiple androgenic abnormalities, including elevated free testosterone, in hyperprolactinemic women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1982 Aug; 55(2):251-7. PMID: 6282921.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    168. Rich BH, Rosenfield RL, Moll GW, Lucky AW, Roche-Bender N, Fang V. Bioactive luteinizing hormone pituitary reserves during normal and abnormal male puberty. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1982 Jul; 55(1):140-6. PMID: 7042735.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    169. Hatch R, Rosenfield RL, Kim MH, Tredway D. Hirsutism: implications, etiology, and management. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1981 Aug 01; 140(7):815-30. PMID: 7258262.
      Citations: 192     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    170. Rich BH, Rosenfield RL, Lucky AW, Helke JC, Otto P. Adrenarche: changing adrenal response to adrenocorticotropin. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1981 Jun; 52(6):1129-36. PMID: 6262366.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    171. Moll GW, Rosenfield RL, Helke JH. Estradiol-testosterone binding interactions and free plasma estradiol under physiological conditions. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1981 May; 52(5):868-74. PMID: 7194882.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    172. Nimrod A, Rosenfield RL, Otto P. Relationship of androgen action to androgen metabolism in isolated rat granulosa cells. J Steroid Biochem. 1980 Sep; 13(9):1015-9. PMID: 6775157.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    173. Rosenfield RL, Rich BH, Wolfsdorf JI, Cassorla F, Parks JS, Bongiovanni AM, Wu CH, Shackleton CH. Pubertal presentation of congenital delta 5-3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1980 Aug; 51(2):345-53. PMID: 6249838.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    174. Lucky AW, Rich BH, Rosenfield RL, Fang VS, Roche-Bender N. LH bioactivity increases more than immunoreactivity during puberty. J Pediatr. 1980 Aug; 97(2):205-13. PMID: 7400887.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    175. Lucky AW, Rich BH, Rosenfield RL, Fang VS, Roche-Bender N. Bioactive LH: a test to discriminate true precocious puberty from premature thelarche and adrenarche. J Pediatr. 1980 Aug; 97(2):214-6. PMID: 7400888.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    176. Rosenfield RL, Bickel S, Razdan AK. Amenorrhea related to progestin excess in congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Obstet Gynecol. 1980 Aug; 56(2):208-15. PMID: 7393510.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    177. Jones TM, Fang VS, Rosenfield RL, Schoenberg HW. Parameters of response to clompiphene citrate in oligospermic men. J Urol. 1980 Jul; 124(1):53-5. PMID: 6774109.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    178. Moll GW, Rosenfield RL. Testosterone binding and free plasma androgen concentrations under physiological conditons: chararacterization by flow dialysis technique. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1979 Nov; 49(5):730-6. PMID: 573761.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    179. Kim MH, Rosenfield RL, Hosseinian AH, Schneir HG. Ovarian hyperandrogenism with normal and abnormal histologic findings of the ovaries. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1979 Jun 15; 134(4):445-52. PMID: 572140.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    180. Lucky AW, Rebar RW, Rosenfield RL, Roche-Bender N, Helke J. Reduction of the potency of luteinizing hormone by estrogen. N Engl J Med. 1979 May 03; 300(18):1034-6. PMID: 431597.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    181. Razdan AK, Fang VS, Rich BH, Britton H, Rosenfield RL. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone infusion test in the distinction of hypopituitary patients from normal subjects. Fertil Steril. 1979 May; 31(5):507-12. PMID: 376356.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    182. Rosenfield RL. Plasma free androgen patterns in hirsute women and their diagnostic implications. Am J Med. 1979 Mar; 66(3):417-21. PMID: 155401.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    183. Jones TM, Fang VS, Landau RL, Rosenfield R. Direct inhibition of Leydig cell function by estradiol. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1978 Dec; 47(6):1368-73. PMID: 122429.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    184. Wolfsdorf JI, Rosenfield RL, Fang VS, Kobayashi R, Razdan AK, Kim MH. Partial gonadotrophin-resistance in pseudohypoparathyroidism. Acta Endocrinol (Copenh). 1978 Jun; 88(2):321-8. PMID: 208340.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    185. Moll GW, Rosenfield RL. Some limitations of using equilibrium dialysis to study human serum albumin-testosterone interaction. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1978 Mar; 46(3):501-3. PMID: 752035.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    186. Rosenfield RL, Gill WB, Bibbo M. DES effect on males. Pediatrics. 1978 Jan; 61(1):154-5. PMID: 263860.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    187. Rosenfield RL, Lucky AW. Oxandrolone therapy for children with Turner syndrome. J Pediatr. 1977 Nov; 91(5):854-6. PMID: 909038.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    188. Jones TM, Anderson W, Fang VS, Landau RL, Rosenfield RL, Jones TM, Anderson W, Fang VS, Landau RL, Rosenfield RL. Experimental cryptorchidism in adult male rats: histological and hormonal sequelae. Anat Rec. 1977 Sep; 189(1):1-27. PMID: 20820.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    189. Cleary RE, Caras J, Rosenfield RL, Young PC. Endocrine and metabolic studies in a patient with male pseudohermaphroditism and true agonadism. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1977 Aug 15; 128(8):862-7. PMID: 888864.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    190. Rosenfield RL, Jones T, Fang VS. The relationship between plasma testosterone and mean LH levels in men. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1977 Jul; 45(1):30-4. PMID: 874066.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    191. Bibbo M, Gill WB, Azizi F, Blough R, Fang VS, Rosenfield RL, Schumacher GF, Sleeper K, Sonek MG, Wied GL. Follow-up study of male and female offspring of DES-exposed mothers. Obstet Gynecol. 1977 Jan; 49(1):1-8. PMID: 318736.
      Citations: 39     Fields:    Translation:HumansCellsCTClinical Trials
    192. Jones TM, Fang VS, Landau RL, Rosenfield RL. The effects of fluoxymesterone administration on testicular function. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1977 Jan; 44(1):121-9. PMID: 137913.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    193. Kim MH, Rosenfield RL, Dupon C. The effects of dexamethasone on plasma free androgens during the normal menstrual cycle. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1976 Dec 15; 126(8):982-6. PMID: 1033670.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    194. Solomons NW, Rosenfield RL, Jacob RA, Sandstead HH. Growth retardation and zinc nutrition. Pediatr Res. 1976 Nov; 10(11):923-7. PMID: 980552.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    195. Razdan AK, Rosenfield RL, Kim MH. Endocrinologic characteristics of partial ovarian failure. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1976 Aug; 43(2):449-52. PMID: 780369.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    196. Hosseinian AH, Kim MH, Rosenfield RL. Obesity and oligomenorrhea are associated with hyperandrogenism independent of hirsutism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1976 Apr; 42(4):765-9. PMID: 1262448.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    197. Rosenfield RL, Kubota T, Fang VS. Plasma unbound and unconjugated androgens in oriental men. J Endocrinol. 1976 Jan; 68(1):165-6. PMID: 130434.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    198. Rosenfield RL, Jones T, Dupon C, Fang VS, Anderson WA. Androgens and ovarian structure in constant oestrus. J Endocrinol. 1975 May; 65(2):283-4. PMID: 1171149.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    199. Rosenfield RL. Studies of the relation of plasma androgen levels to androgen action in women. J Steroid Biochem. 1975 May; 6(5):695-702. PMID: 1102801.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    200. Schneider G, Genel M, Bongiovanni AM, Goldman AS, Rosenfield RL. Persistent testicular delta5-isomerase-3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (delta5-3beta-HSD) deficiency in the delta5-3beta-HSD form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. J Clin Invest. 1975 Apr; 55(4):681-90. PMID: 164481; PMCID: PMC301803.
      Citations: 11     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    201. Roth LM, Cleary RE, Rosenfield RL. Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor of the ovary, with an associated mucinous cystadenoma. An ultrastructural and endocrine study. Lab Invest. 1974 Dec; 31(6):648-57. PMID: 4280005.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    202. Rosenfield RL, Fang VS. The effects of prolonged physiologic estradiol therapy on the maturation of hypogonadal teen-agers. J Pediatr. 1974 Dec; 85(6):830-7. PMID: 4370903.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    203. Fang VS, Refetoff S, Rosenfield RL. Hypogonadism induced by a transplantable, prolactin-producing tumor in male rats: hormonal and morphological studies. Endocrinology. 1974 Oct; 95(4):991-8. PMID: 4413745.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    204. Refetoff S, Ochi Y, Selenkow HA, Rosenfield RL. Neonatal hypothyroidism and goiter in one infant of each of two sets of twins due to maternal therapy with antithyroid drugs. J Pediatr. 1974 Aug; 85(2):240-4. PMID: 4135477.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    205. Rosenfield RL, Barmach de Niepomniszsze A, Kenny FM, Genel M. The response to human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) administration in boys with and without delta5-3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1974 Aug; 39(2):370-4. PMID: 4278937.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    206. Porter BA, Rosenfield RL, Lawrence AM. The levodopa test of growth hormone reserve in children. Am J Dis Child. 1973 Nov; 126(5):589-92. PMID: 4200807.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    207. Rosenfield RL, Fang VS, Dupon C, Kim MH, Refetoff S. The effects of low doses of depot estradiol and testosterone in teenagers with ovarian failure and Turner's syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1973 Oct; 37(4):574-80. PMID: 4742538.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    208. Rosenfield RL. Relationship of androgens to female hirsutism and infertility. J Reprod Med. 1973 Sep; 11(3):87-95. PMID: 4273087.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    209. Block MB, Rosenfield RL, Mako ME, Steiner DF, Rubenstein AH. Sequential changes in beta-cell function in insulin-treated diabetic patients assessed by C-peptide immunoreactivity. N Engl J Med. 1973 May 31; 288(22):1144-8. PMID: 4633551.
      Citations: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    210. Moshang T, Rosenfield RL, Bongiovanni AM, Parks JS, Amrhein JA. Familial glucocorticoid insufficiency. J Pediatr. 1973 May; 82(5):821-6. PMID: 4349230.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    211. Dupon C, Rosenfield RL, Cleary RE. Sequential changes in total and free testosterone and androstenedione in plasma during spontaneous and Clomid-induced ovulatory cycles. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1973 Feb 15; 115(4):478-83. PMID: 4685498.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    212. Rosenfield RL, Otto P. Androstenediol levels in human peripheral plasma. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1972 Dec; 35(6):818-22. PMID: 4117700.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    213. Rosenfield RL. Managing delayed puberty. Postgrad Med. 1972 May; 51(5):204-9. PMID: 5025219.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    214. Root A, Steinberger E, Smith K, Steinberger A, Russ D, Somers L, Rosenfield R. Isosexual pseudoprecocity in a 6-year-old boy with a testicular interstitial cell adenoma. J Pediatr. 1972 Feb; 80(2):264-8. PMID: 4257767.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    215. Rosenfield RL, Ehrlich EN, Cleary RE. Adrenal and ovarian contributions to the elevated free plasma androgen levels in hirsute women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1972 Jan; 34(1):92-8. PMID: 4332671.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    216. Rosenfield RL. Plasma 17-ketosteroids and 17-beta hydroxysteroids in girls with premature development of sexual hair. J Pediatr. 1971 Aug; 79(2):260-6. PMID: 4327052.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    217. Rosenfield RL, Grossman BJ, Ozoa N. Plasma 17-ketosteroids and testosterone in prepubertal children before and after ACTH administration. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1971 Aug; 33(2):249-53. PMID: 4327687.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCTClinical Trials
    218. Rosenfield RL. Plasma testosterone binding globulin and indexes of the concentration of unbound plasma androgens in normal and hirsute subjects. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1971 Jun; 32(6):717-28. PMID: 5577159.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    219. Rosenfield RL. A competitive protein binding method for the measurement of unconjugated and sulfate-conjugated dehydroepiandrosterone in peripheral plasma. Steroids. 1971 Jun; 17(6):689-96. PMID: 4326269.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    220. Goldfine I, Rosenfield R, Landau RL. Hyperleydigism: a cause of severe pubertal gynecomastia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1971 Jun; 32(6):751-6. PMID: 4252711.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    221. Rosenfield RL, Lawrence AM, Liao S, Landau RL. Androgens and androgen responsiveness in the feminizing testis syndrome. Comparison of complete and "incomplete" forms. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1971 May; 32(5):625-32. PMID: 4252811.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    222. Rosenfield RL, Goldfine ID, Lawrence AM. Serum testosterone as an index of gonadotrophin secretion in acromegaly and pituitary disease. Acta Endocrinol (Copenh). 1970 Oct; 65(2):302-8. PMID: 5535986.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    223. Rosenfield RL. A competitive protein binding method for the measurement of plasma androstenedione. Steroids. 1969 Sep; 14(3):251-61. PMID: 5821977.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    224. Rosenfield RL, Eberlein WR. Plasma 17-ketosteroid levels during adolescence. J Pediatr. 1969 Jun; 74(6):932-6. PMID: 4238500.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    225. Rosenfield RL, Eberlein WR, Bongiovanni AM. Measurement of plasma testosterone by means of competitive protein binding analysis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1969 Jun; 29(6):854-9. PMID: 5783585.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    226. Rosenfield RL, Bongiovanni AM, Eberlein WR, Wright FH. Plasma testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate during puberty. J Pediatr. 1969 May; 74(5):830-1. PMID: 4238140.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    227. Rudd BT, Rosenfield RL, Bongiovanni AM, Eberlein WR. The measurement of urinary testosterone glucuronide by competitive protein binding and validation by a double isotope derivative assay. Steroids. 1969 Feb; 13(2):227-45. PMID: 4304406.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    228. Root AW, Rosenfield RL, Bongiovanni AM, Eberlein WR. The plasma growth hormone response to insulin-induced hypoglycemia in children with retardation of growth. Pediatrics. 1967 Jun; 39(6):844-52. PMID: 4226055.
      Citations: 18     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    229. Rosenfield RL, Root AW, Bongiovanni AM, Eberlein WR. Idiopathic anterior hypopituitarism in one of monozygous twins. J Pediatr. 1967 Jan; 70(1):115-7. PMID: 6017748.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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