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"Camelidae" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity.

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The only extant family of the suborder Tylopoda (order Artiodactyla). Currently living members include domesticated species, DROMEDARIES (with one-hump); BACTRIAN CAMELS (with two humps); LLAMAS; ALPACAS, and wild feral camels; VICUNAS; and GUANACOS. Although they get nutrients from plants by rumination, they evolved separately from the RUMINANTS which have four-chambered stomachs. Camelidae have three-chambered stomachs.

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