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Zhe-Xi Luo

TitlePROFESSOR
InstitutionUniversity of Chicago
DepartmentOrg.Bio./Anatomy
AddressChicago IL 60637
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    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    Research in Luo Lab in the University of Chicago is devoted to the understanding of the origins and earliest evolution of mammals.

    Our endeavor is to study how mammals arose in their early history, as documented in a rich and rapidly growing fossil record. We seek to understand the origins of key mammalian adaptations, evolutionary changes in their development patterns, phylogenetic relationship of the major lineages of Mesozoic mammals, as well as their ecological and morphological diversification.

    The understanding of early mammalian evolution can provide a useful case study on the diversification of major organismal groups, on the patterns and processes of macroevolution, on the geological history of vertebrate faunas, and on their paleobiogeography.


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, MA, USPostdoctoral fellowship07/1991Mammalian Evolutionary Morphology
    University of California at Berkeley, Museum of Paleontology, Berkeley, CA, USPhD06/1989Paleontology
    Nanjing University, Department of Geology, Nanjing, ChinaBS01/1982Geology, Stratigraphy and Paleontology

    Collapse ORNG Applications 
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Lautenschlager S, Gill PG, Luo ZX, Fagan MJ, Rayfield EJ. The role of miniaturization in the evolution of the mammalian jaw and middle ear. Nature. 2018 09; 561(7724):533-537. PMID: 30224748.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Huttenlocker AK, Grossnickle DM, Kirkland JI, Schultz JA, Luo ZX. Late-surviving stem mammal links the lowermost Cretaceous of North America and Gondwana. Nature. 2018 06; 558(7708):108-112. PMID: 29795343.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Lautenschlager S, Gill PG, Luo ZX, Fagan MJ, Rayfield EJ. Morphological evolution of the mammalian jaw adductor complex.;. Biological Reviews. 2017; 92(4):1910-1940.
    4. Luo ZX, Meng QJ, Grossnickle DM, Liu D, Neander AI, Zhang YG, Ji Q. New evidence for mammaliaform ear evolution and feeding adaptation in a Jurassic ecosystem. Nature. 2017 08 17; 548(7667):326-329. PMID: 28792934.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Meng QJ, Grossnickle DM, Liu D, Zhang YG, Neander AI, Ji Q, Luo ZX. New gliding mammaliaforms from the Jurassic. Nature. 2017 08 17; 548(7667):291-296. PMID: 28792929.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Chen M, Luo ZX, Wilson GP. The postcranial skeleton of Yanoconodon allini from the Early Cretaceous of Hebei, China and its implications for locomotor adaptation in eutriconodontan mammals. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 2017; (e1315425):23.
    7. Anthwal N, Urban DJ, Luo ZX, Sears KE, Tucker AS. Meckel's cartilage breakdown offers clues to mammalian middle ear evolution. Nat Ecol Evol. 2017 03 06; 1(4):93. PMID: 28459103.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Urban DJ, Anthwal N, Luo ZX, Maier JA, Sadier A, Tucker AS, Sears KE. A new developmental mechanism for the separation of the mammalian middle ear ossicles from the jaw. Proc Biol Sci. 2017 02 08; 284(1848). PMID: 28179517.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Schultz JA, Bhullar B-A S, Luo ZX. Re-examination of the Jurassic mammaliaform Docodon victor by computed tomography and occlusal functional analysis. Journal of Mammalian Evolution. 2017.
    10. Schultz JA, Zeller U, Luo ZX. Inner ear labyrinth anatomy of monotremes and implications for mammalian inner ear evolution. J Morphol. 2017 02; 278(2):236-263. PMID: 27889918.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Girard R, Zeineddine HA, Orsbon C, Tan H, Moore T, Hobson N, Shenkar R, Lightle R, Shi C, Fam MD, Cao Y, Shen L, Neander AI, Rorrer A, Gallione C, Tang AT, Kahn ML, Marchuk DA, Luo ZX, Awad IA. Micro-computed tomography in murine models of cerebral cavernous malformations as a paradigm for brain disease. J Neurosci Methods. 2016 09 15; 271:14-24. PMID: 27345427.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Rowe TB, Luo ZX, Ketcham RA, Maisano JA, Colbert MW. X-ray computed tomography datasets for forensic analysis of vertebrate fossils. Sci Data. 2016 Jun 07; 3:160040. PMID: 27272251.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Brusatte S, Luo ZX. Ascent of the Mammals. Sci Am. 2016 Jun; 314(6):28-35. PMID: 27196839.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Luo ZX, Gatesy SM, Jenkins FA, Amaral WW, Shubin NH. Mandibular and dental characteristics of Late Triassic mammaliaform Haramiyavia and their ramifications for basal mammal evolution. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 Dec 22; 112(51):E7101-9. PMID: 26630008.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Martin T, Marugán-Lobón J, Vullo R, Martín-Abad H, Luo ZX, Buscalioni AD. A Cretaceous eutriconodont and integument evolution in early mammals. Nature. 2015 Oct 15; 526(7573):380-4. PMID: 26469049.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Luo ZX, Meng QJ, Ji Q, Liu D, Zhang YG, Neander AI. Mammalian evolution. Evolutionary development in basal mammaliaforms as revealed by a docodontan. Science. 2015 Feb 13; 347(6223):760-4. PMID: 25678660.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Meng QJ, Ji Q, Zhang YG, Liu D, Grossnickle DM, Luo ZX. Mammalian evolution. An arboreal docodont from the Jurassic and mammaliaform ecological diversification. Science. 2015 Feb 13; 347(6223):764-8. PMID: 25678661.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Luo ZX. Evolution: Tooth structure re-engineered. Nature. 2014 Aug 07; 512(7512):36-7. PMID: 25079312.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Yuan CX, Ji Q, Meng QJ, Tabrum AR, Luo ZX. Earliest evolution of multituberculate mammals revealed by a new Jurassic fossil. Science. 2013 Aug 16; 341(6147):779-83. PMID: 23950536.
      View in: PubMed
    20. O'Leary MA, Bloch JI, Flynn JJ, Gaudin TJ, Giallombardo A, Giannini NP, Goldberg SL, Kraatz BP, Luo ZX, Meng J, Ni X, Novacek MJ, Perini FA, Randall Z, Rougier GW, Sargis EJ, Silcox MT, Simmons NB, Spaulding M, Velazco PM, Weksler M, Wible JR, Cirranello AL. Response to comment on "The placental mammal ancestor and the post-K-Pg radiation of placentals". Science. 2013 Aug 09; 341(6146):613. PMID: 23929968.
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    21. Zhou CF, Wu S, Martin T, Luo ZX. A Jurassic mammaliaform and the earliest mammalian evolutionary adaptations. Nature. 2013 Aug 08; 500(7461):163-7. PMID: 23925238.
      View in: PubMed
    22. O'Leary MA, Bloch JI, Flynn JJ, Gaudin TJ, Giallombardo A, Giannini NP, Goldberg SL, Kraatz BP, Luo ZX, Meng J, Ni X, Novacek MJ, Perini FA, Randall ZS, Rougier GW, Sargis EJ, Silcox MT, Simmons NB, Spaulding M, Velazco PM, Weksler M, Wible JR, Cirranello AL. The placental mammal ancestor and the post-K-Pg radiation of placentals. Science. 2013 Feb 08; 339(6120):662-7. PMID: 23393258.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Luo ZX, Yuan CX, Meng QJ, Ji Q. A Jurassic eutherian mammal and divergence of marsupials and placentals. Nature. 2011 Aug 24; 476(7361):442-5. PMID: 21866158.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Rowe TB, Macrini TE, Luo ZX. Fossil evidence on origin of the mammalian brain. Science. 2011 May 20; 332(6032):955-7. PMID: 21596988.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Luo ZX, Ruf I, Schultz JA, Martin T. Fossil evidence on evolution of inner ear cochlea in Jurassic mammals. Proc Biol Sci. 2011 Jan 07; 278(1702):28-34. PMID: 20667879.
      View in: PubMed
    26. Luo ZX. Journal club. A palaeontologist ponders how genes and fossils can illuminate mammalian evolution. Nature. 2010 Jun 10; 465(7299):669. PMID: 20535164.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Ji Q, Luo ZX, Zhang X, Yuan CX, Xu L. Evolutionary development of the middle ear in Mesozoic therian mammals. Science. 2009 Oct 09; 326(5950):278-81. PMID: 19815774.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Xu X, Luo ZX, Rong JY. Recent advances in Chinese palaeontology. Proc Biol Sci. 2010 Jan 22; 277(1679):161-4. PMID: 19812080.
      View in: PubMed
    29. Gao CL, Wilson GP, Luo ZX, Maga AM, Meng Q, Wang X. A new mammal skull from the Lower Cretaceous of China with implications for the evolution of obtuse-angled molars and 'amphilestid' eutriconodonts. Proc Biol Sci. 2010 Jan 22; 277(1679):237-46. PMID: 19726475.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Ruf I, Luo ZX, Wible JR, Martin T. Petrosal anatomy and inner ear structures of the Late Jurassic Henkelotherium (Mammalia, Cladotheria, Dryolestoidea): insight into the early evolution of the ear region in cladotherian mammals. J Anat. 2009 May; 214(5):679-93. PMID: 19438763.
      View in: PubMed
    31. Luo ZX. Transformation and diversification in early mammal evolution. Nature. 2007 Dec 13; 450(7172):1011-9. PMID: 18075580.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Luo ZX, Ji Q, Yuan CX. Convergent dental adaptations in pseudo-tribosphenic and tribosphenic mammals. Nature. 2007 Nov 01; 450(7166):93-7. PMID: 17972884.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Luo ZX, Chen P, Li G, Chen M. A new eutriconodont mammal and evolutionary development in early mammals. Nature. 2007 Mar 15; 446(7133):288-93. PMID: 17361176.
      View in: PubMed
    34. Ji Q, Luo ZX, Yuan CX, Tabrum AR. A swimming mammaliaform from the Middle Jurassic and ecomorphological diversification of early mammals. Science. 2006 Feb 24; 311(5764):1123-7. PMID: 16497926.
      View in: PubMed
    35. Li G, Luo ZX. A Cretaceous symmetrodont therian with some monotreme-like postcranial features. Nature. 2006 Jan 12; 439(7073):195-200. PMID: 16407951.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Luo ZX, Wible JR. A Late Jurassic digging mammal and early mammalian diversification. Science. 2005 Apr 01; 308(5718):103-7. PMID: 15802602.
      View in: PubMed
    37. Martin T, Luo ZX. PALEONTOLOGY: Homoplasy in the Mammalian Ear. Science. 2005 Feb 11; 307(5711):861-862. PMID: 15708843.
      View in: PubMed
    38. Luo ZX, Ji Q, Wible JR, Yuan CX. An Early Cretaceous tribosphenic mammal and metatherian evolution. Science. 2003 Dec 12; 302(5652):1934-40. PMID: 14671295.
      View in: PubMed
    39. Ji Q, Luo ZX, Yuan CX, Wible JR, Zhang JP, Georgi JA. The earliest known eutherian mammal. Nature. 2002 Apr 25; 416(6883):816-22. PMID: 11976675.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Luo ZX, Crompton AW, Sun AL. A new mammaliaform from the early Jurassic and evolution of mammalian characteristics. Science. 2001 May 25; 292(5521):1535-40. PMID: 11375489.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Luo ZX, Cifelli RL, Kielan-Jaworowska Z. Dual origin of tribosphenic mammals. Nature. 2001 Jan 04; 409(6816):53-7. PMID: 11343108.
      View in: PubMed
    42. Ji Q, Luo ZX, Ji SA, Luo Z. A Chinese triconodont mammal and mosaic evolution of the mammalian skeleton. Nature. 1999 Mar 25; 398(6725):326-30. PMID: 10192332.
      View in: PubMed
    43. Hu Y, Wang Y, Luo Z, Li C. A new symmetrodont mammal from China and its implications for mammalian evolution. Nature. 1997 Nov 13; 390(6656):137-42. PMID: 9367151.
      View in: PubMed
    44. Luo ZX, Crompton, AW Lucas, SG. Evolutionary origins of the mammalian promontorium and cochlea. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 1995; 15:113-121.
    45. Luo ZX, Crompton AW. Transformations of the quadrate (incus) through the transition from non-mammalian cynodonts to mammals. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 1994; 14:341-374.
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