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Peter Sand

TitleClinical Professor
InstitutionUniversity of Chicago
DepartmentObstetrics & Gynecology
AddressChicago IL 60637
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    Collapse Bibliographic 
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    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Kobashi K, Nitti V, Margolis E, Sand P, Siegel S, Khandwala S, Newman D, MacDiarmid SA, Kan F, Michaud E. A Prospective Study to Evaluate Efficacy Using the Nuro Percutaneous Tibial Neuromodulation System in Drug-Naïve Patients With Overactive Bladder Syndrome. Urology. 2019 Sep; 131:77-82. PMID: 31199966.
      View in: PubMed
    2. MacDiarmid S, Staskin DR, Lucente V, Kaaki B, English S, Gilling P, Meffan P, Clark M, Sand PK, Sen SK, Rovner E. Feasibility of a Fully Implanted, Nickel Sized and Shaped Tibial Nerve Stimulator for the Treatment of Overactive Bladder Syndrome with Urgency Urinary Incontinence. J Urol. 2019 05; 201(5):967-972. PMID: 31009968.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Gomelsky A, Athanasiou S, Choo MS, Cosson M, Dmochowski RR, Gomes CM, Monga A, Nager CW, Ng R, Rovner ES, Sand P, Tomoe H. Surgery for urinary incontinence in women: Report from the 6th international consultation on incontinence. Neurourol Urodyn. 2019 02; 38(2):825-837. PMID: 30512219.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Rostaminia G, Chang C, Pincus JB, Sand PK, Goldberg RP. Predictors of successful percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) in the treatment of overactive bladder syndrome. Int Urogynecol J. 2019 10; 30(10):1735-1745. PMID: 30498931.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Iyer S, Laus K, Rugino A, Botros C, Lozo S, Botros SM, Goldberg R, Tomezsko J, Gafni-Kane A, Wroblewski K, Sand P. Subjective and objective responses to PTNS and predictors for success: a retrospective cohort study of percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation for overactive bladder. Int Urogynecol J. 2019 08; 30(8):1253-1259. PMID: 30467763.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Seitz M, Jirschele K, Tran A, Iyer S, Gafni-Kane A, Tomezsko J, Botros SM, Sand PK. A Comparison of Sacrospinous Hysteropexy Augmented With Polypropylene Mesh Versus Human Dermis at 12-Month Follow-up: An Ambidirectional Study. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2018 Oct 17. PMID: 30335649.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Balzarro M, Rubilotta E, Goss C, Costantini E, Artibani W, Sand P. Counseling in urogynecology: A difficult task, or simply good surgeon-patient communication? Int Urogynecol J. 2018 07; 29(7):943-948. PMID: 29845304.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Tran AM, Reis R, Iyer S, Botros C, Goldberg RP, Sand PK, Botros SM. Is There a Relationship Between Patient-Reported Satisfaction and Persistence on Overactive Bladder Syndrome Pharmacotherapy? Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2018 May/Jun; 24(3):237-240. PMID: 28957959.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Van Geelen H, Ostergard D, Sand P. A review of the impact of pregnancy and childbirth on pelvic floor function as assessed by objective measurement techniques. Int Urogynecol J. 2018 Mar; 29(3):327-338. PMID: 29332252.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Botros C, Letko J, Gafni-Kane A, Botros S, Lozo S, Sand P. Postoperative pain and perceptions of recuperation after suture- and mesh-based apical sacrospinous ligament suspension. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2017 Oct; 139(1):95-99. PMID: 28643369.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Iyer S, Lotsof E, Zhou Y, Tran A, Botros C, Sand P, Goldberg R, Tomezsko J, Gafni-Kane A, Botros S. Which bladder instillations are more effective? DMSO vs. bupivacaine/heparin/triamcinolone: a retrospective study. Int Urogynecol J. 2017 Sep; 28(9):1335-1340. PMID: 28150028.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Nitti VW, Dmochowski R, Herschorn S, Sand P, Thompson C, Nardo C, Yan X, Haag-Molkenteller C. OnabotulinumtoxinA for the Treatment of Patients with Overactive Bladder and Urinary Incontinence: Results of a Phase 3, Randomized, Placebo Controlled Trial. J Urol. 2017 02; 197(2S):S216-S223. PMID: 28012773.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Tran AM, Sand PK, Seitz MJ, Gafni-Kane A, Zhou Y, Botros SM. Does physician specialty affect persistence to pharmacotherapy among patients with overactive bladder syndrome? Int Urogynecol J. 2017 Mar; 28(3):409-415. PMID: 27539566.
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    14. Nitti VW, Ginsberg D, Sievert KD, Sussman D, Radomski S, Sand P, De Ridder D, Jenkins B, Magyar A, Chapple C. Durable Efficacy and Safety of Long-Term OnabotulinumtoxinA Treatment in Patients with Overactive Bladder Syndrome: Final Results of a 3.5-Year Study. J Urol. 2016 Sep; 196(3):791-800. PMID: 27038769.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Chartier-Kastler E, Nitti V, De Ridder D, Sussman D, Sand P, Sievert K, Chapple C, Charmaine J, Magyar A, Radomski S. Durable improvements in urinary incontinence and positive treatment response in patients with idiopathic overactive bladder syndrome following long-term onabotulinumtoxinA treatment: Final results of 3.5-year study. Prog Urol. 2015 Nov; 25(13):739. PMID: 26544243.
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    16. Jirschele K, Seitz M, Zhou Y, Rosenblatt P, Culligan P, Sand P. A multicenter, prospective trial to evaluate mesh-augmented sacrospinous hysteropexy for uterovaginal prolapse. Int Urogynecol J. 2015 May; 26(5):743-8. PMID: 25394892.
      View in: PubMed
    17. Pauls RN, Rogers RG, Parekh M, Pitkin J, Kammerer-Doak D, Sand P. Sexual function in women with anal incontinence using a new instrument: the PISQ-IR. Int Urogynecol J. 2015 May; 26(5):657-63. PMID: 25392184.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Sundberg F, Sand P, Forsander G. Health-related quality of life in preschool children with Type 1 diabetes. Diabet Med. 2015 Jan; 32(1):116-9. PMID: 25081270.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Gafni-Kane A, Sand PK. Vesico-ureteral reflux in women with idiopathic high-pressure detrusor overactivity: prevalence, bladder function, and effect on the upper urinary tract. Int Urogynecol J. 2014 Oct; 25(10):1405-10. PMID: 24803214.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Goldfischer ER, Sand PK, Thomas H, Peters-Gee J. Efficacy and safety of oxybutynin topical gel 3% in patients with urgency and/or mixed urinary incontinence: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Neurourol Urodyn. 2015 Jan; 34(1):37-43. PMID: 24133005.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Sand PK, Owens GM, Black EJ, Anderson LH, Martinson MS. Cost effectiveness of radiofrequency microremodeling for stress urinary incontinence. Int Urogynecol J. 2014 Apr; 25(4):517-23. PMID: 24108392.
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    22. Sand PK, Sand RI. The diagnosis and management of lower urinary tract symptoms in multiple sclerosis patients. Dis Mon. 2013 Jul; 59(7):261-8. PMID: 23786660.
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    23. Rogers RG, Rockwood TH, Constantine ML, Thakar R, Kammerer-Doak DN, Pauls RN, Parekh M, Ridgeway B, Jha S, Pitkin J, Reid F, Sutherland SE, Lukacz ES, Domoney C, Sand P, Davila GW, Espuna Pons ME. A new measure of sexual function in women with pelvic floor disorders (PFD): the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire, IUGA-Revised (PISQ-IR). Int Urogynecol J. 2013 Jul; 24(7):1091-103. PMID: 23632798.
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    24. Rockwood TH, Constantine ML, Adegoke O, Rogers RG, McDermott E, Davila GW, Domoney C, Jha S, Kammerer-Doak D, Lukacz ES, Parekh M, Pauls R, Pitkin J, Reid F, Ridgeway B, Thakar R, Sand PK, Sutherland SE, Espuna-Pons M. The PISQ-IR: considerations in scale scoring and development. Int Urogynecol J. 2013 Jul; 24(7):1105-22. PMID: 23632799.
      View in: PubMed
    25. Sand P, Kleiberg AN, Forsander G. The reliability and validity of the revised Diabetes Family Conflict Scale questionnaire, in a sample of Swedish children. Acta Paediatr. 2013 Jun; 102(6):650-4. PMID: 23463986.
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    26. Sand PK, Dmochowski RR, Reddy J, van der Meulen EA. Efficacy and safety of low dose desmopressin orally disintegrating tablet in women with nocturia: results of a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled, parallel group study. J Urol. 2013 Sep; 190(3):958-64. PMID: 23454404.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Nitti VW, Dmochowski R, Herschorn S, Sand P, Thompson C, Nardo C, Yan X, Haag-Molkenteller C. OnabotulinumtoxinA for the treatment of patients with overactive bladder and urinary incontinence: results of a phase 3, randomized, placebo controlled trial. J Urol. 2013 Jun; 189(6):2186-93. PMID: 23246476.
      View in: PubMed
    28. Jirschele K, Sand PK. Oxybutynin: past, present, and future. Int Urogynecol J. 2013 Apr; 24(4):595-604. PMID: 22976530.
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    29. Abramov Y, Hirsch E, Ilievski V, Goldberg RP, Botros SM, Sand PK. Transforming growth factor ß 1 gene expression during vaginal vs cutaneous surgical woundexpression during vaginal vs cutaneous surgical wound healing in the rabbit. Int Urogynecol J. 2013 Apr; 24(4):671-5. PMID: 22872035.
      View in: PubMed
    30. Abramov Y, Hirsch E, Ilievski V, Goldberg RP, Sand PK. Transforming growth factor beta1 gene expression during vaginal wound healing in a rabbit menopause model. BJOG. 2013 Jan; 120(2):251-256. PMID: 22827859.
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    31. Gafni-Kane A, Botros SM, Du H, Sand RI, Sand PK. Measuring the success of combined intravesical dimethyl sulfoxide and triamcinolone for treatment of bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis. Int Urogynecol J. 2013 Feb; 24(2):303-11. PMID: 22699887.
      View in: PubMed
    32. Sand P, Kljajic M, Schaller J, Forsander G. The reliability of the Health Related Quality Of Life questionnaire PedsQL 3.0 Diabetes Module™ for Swedish children with type 1 diabetes. Acta Paediatr. 2012 Aug; 101(8):e344-9. PMID: 22519935.
      View in: PubMed
    33. Abramov Y, Golden B, Sullivan M, Goldberg RP, Sand PK. Vaginal incisional wound healing in a rabbit menopause model: a histologic analysis. Int Urogynecol J. 2012 Dec; 23(12):1763-9. PMID: 22581239.
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    34. Gafni-Kane A, Goldberg RP, Sand PK, Botros SM. Enhanced interpretability of the PFDI-20 with establishment of reference scores among women in the general population. Neurourol Urodyn. 2012 Nov; 31(8):1252-7. PMID: 22532248.
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    35. Abramov Y, Hirsch E, Ilievski V, Goldberg RP, Botros SM, Sand PK. Expression of platelet-derived growth factor-B mRNA during vaginal vs. dermal incisional wound healing in the rabbit. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2012 Jun; 162(2):216-20. PMID: 22464204.
      View in: PubMed
    36. Sand PK, Heesakkers J, Kraus SR, Carlsson M, Guan Z, Berriman S. Long-term safety, tolerability and efficacy of fesoterodine in subjects with overactive bladder symptoms stratified by age: pooled analysis of two open-label extension studies. Drugs Aging. 2012 Feb 01; 29(2):119-31. PMID: 22276958.
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    37. Brubaker L, Gousse A, Sand P, Thompson C, Patel V, Zhou J, Jenkins B, Sievert KD. Treatment satisfaction and goal attainment with onabotulinumtoxinA in patients with incontinence due to idiopathic OAB. Int Urogynecol J. 2012 Aug; 23(8):1017-25. PMID: 22273813.
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    38. Haylen BT, Sand PK, Swift SE, Maher C, Moran PA, Freeman RM. Transvaginal placement of surgical mesh for pelvic organ prolapse: more FDA concerns--positive reactions are possible. Int Urogynecol J. 2012 Jan; 23(1):11-3. PMID: 22086259.
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    39. Sand PK, Macdiarmid SA, Thomas H, Caramelli KE, Hoel G. Effect of baseline symptom severity on continence improvement mediated by oxybutynin chloride topical gel. Open Access J Urol. 2011; 3:145-50. PMID: 24198648.
      View in: PubMed
    40. Sand PK, Davila GW, Lucente VR, Thomas H, Caramelli KE, Hoel G. Efficacy and safety of oxybutynin chloride topical gel for women with overactive bladder syndrome. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Feb; 206(2):168.e1-6. PMID: 21963104.
      View in: PubMed
    41. Lavy Y, Sand PK, Kaniel CI, Hochner-Celnikier D. Can pelvic floor injury secondary to delivery be prevented? Int Urogynecol J. 2012 Feb; 23(2):165-73. PMID: 21822710.
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    42. Jirschele KE, Nguyen A, Sand PK, Botros SM. Two unusual presentations of bladder diverticula. Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Aug; 118(2 Pt 2):415-7. PMID: 21768838.
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    43. Gafni-Kane A, Sand PK. Foreign-body granuloma after injection of calcium hydroxylapatite for type III stress urinary incontinence. Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Aug; 118(2 Pt 2):418-21. PMID: 21768839.
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    44. Zinner NR, Dmochowski RR, Staskin DR, Siami PF, Sand PK, Oefelein MG. Once-daily trospium chloride 60 mg extended-release provides effective, long-term relief of overactive bladder syndrome symptoms. Neurourol Urodyn. 2011 Sep; 30(7):1214-9. PMID: 21462240.
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    45. Scarpero H, Sand PK, Kelleher CJ, Berriman S, Bavendam T, Carlsson M. Long-term safety, tolerability, and efficacy of fesoterodine treatment in men and women with overactive bladder symptoms. Curr Med Res Opin. 2011 May; 27(5):921-30. PMID: 21355814.
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    46. Sand PK, Rovner ES, Watanabe JH, Oefelein MG. Once-daily trospium chloride 60 mg extended release in subjects with overactive bladder syndrome who use multiple concomitant medications: Post hoc analysis of pooled data from two randomized, placebo-controlled trials. Drugs Aging. 2011 Feb 01; 28(2):151-60. PMID: 21275440.
      View in: PubMed
    47. Nguyen A, Aschkenazi SO, Sand PK, Du H, Botros SM, Gamble TL, Kuo R, Goldberg RP. Nongenetic factors associated with stress urinary incontinence. Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Feb; 117(2 Pt 1):251-5. PMID: 21252736.
      View in: PubMed
    48. Gafni-Kane A, Goldberg RP, Spitz JS, Sand PK. Extrasphincteric perianal fistulae after sacrospinous fixation for apical prolapse. Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Feb; 117(2 Pt 2):438-40. PMID: 21252781.
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    49. Dmochowski RR, Newman DK, Sand PK, Rudy DC, Caramelli KE, Thomas H, Hoel G. Pharmacokinetics of oxybutynin chloride topical gel: effects of application site, baths, sunscreen and person-to-person transference. Clin Drug Investig. 2011; 31(8):559-571. PMID: 21721591.
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    50. Haylen BT, Freeman RM, Swift SE, Cosson M, Davila GW, Deprest J, Dwyer PL, Fatton B, Kocjancic E, Lee J, Maher C, Petri E, Rizk DE, Sand PK, Schaer GN, Webb RJ. An International Urogynecological Association (IUGA) / International Continence Society (ICS) joint terminology and classification of the complications related directly to the insertion of prostheses (meshes, implants, tapes) & grafts in female pelvic floor surgery. Int Urogynecol J. 2011 Jan; 22(1):3-15. PMID: 21140130.
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    51. Haylen BT, Freeman RM, Swift SE, Cosson M, Davila GW, Deprest J, Dwyer PL, Fatton B, Kocjancic E, Lee J, Maher C, Petri E, Rizk DE, Sand PK, Schaer GN, Webb R. An International Urogynecological Association (IUGA)/International Continence Society (ICS) joint terminology and classification of the complications related directly to the insertion of prostheses (meshes, implants, tapes) and grafts in female pelvic floor surgery. Neurourol Urodyn. 2011 Jan; 30(1):2-12. PMID: 21181958.
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    52. Abramov Y, Webb AR, Botros SM, Goldberg RP, Ameer GA, Sand PK. Effect of bilateral oophorectomy on wound healing of the rabbit vagina. Fertil Steril. 2011 Mar 15; 95(4):1467-70. PMID: 20828686.
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    53. Sand PK, Johnson Ii TM, Rovner ES, Ellsworth PI, Oefelein MG, Staskin DR. Trospium chloride once-daily extended release is efficacious and tolerated in elderly subjects (aged = 75 years) with overactive bladder syndrome. BJU Int. 2011 Feb; 107(4):612-20. PMID: 20707790.
      View in: PubMed
    54. Aschkenazi SO, Rogers RG, Beaumont J, Botros SM, Sand PK, Goldberg RP. A Valid Form of the PISQ-12, the PISQ-9, for Use in Comparative Studies of Women With and Without Pelvic Organ Prolapse and/or Urinary Incontinence. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2010 Jul; 16(4):218-23. PMID: 22453345.
      View in: PubMed
    55. Butrick CW, Howard FM, Sand PK. Diagnosis and treatment of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome: a review. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2010 Jun; 19(6):1185-93. PMID: 20491565.
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    56. Gamble TL, Du H, Sand PK, Botros SM, Rurak M, Goldberg RP. Urge incontinence: estimating environmental and obstetrical risk factors using an identical twin study. Int Urogynecol J. 2010 Aug; 21(8):939-46. PMID: 20445962.
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    57. Cardozo L, Khullar V, Wang JT, Guan Z, Sand PK. Fesoterodine in patients with overactive bladder syndrome: can the severity of baseline urgency urinary incontinence predict dosing requirement? BJU Int. 2010 Sep; 106(6):816-21. PMID: 20151972.
      View in: PubMed
    58. Haylen BT, de Ridder D, Freeman RM, Swift SE, Berghmans B, Lee J, Monga A, Petri E, Rizk DE, Sand PK, Schaer GN. An International Urogynecological Association (IUGA)/International Continence Society (ICS) joint report on the terminology for female pelvic floor dysfunction. Neurourol Urodyn. 2010; 29(1):4-20. PMID: 19941278.
      View in: PubMed
    59. Sand PK, Corcos J. Editorial comment on "An International Urogynecological Association (IUGA)/International continence Society (ICS) joint report on the terminology for female pelvic floor dysfunction". Neurourol Urodyn. 2010; 29(1):3. PMID: 19941280.
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    60. Rosier PF, Hosker GL, Szabó L, Capewell A, Gajewski JB, Sand PK. Executive Summary: The International Consultation on Incontinence 2008--Committee on: "Dynamic Testing"; for urinary or fecal incontinence. Part 3: Anorectal physiology studies. Neurourol Urodyn. 2010; 29(1):153-8. PMID: 19693957.
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    61. Rosier PF, Szabó L, Capewell A, Gajewski JB, Sand PK, Hosker GL. Executive summary: The International Consultation on Incontinence 2008--Committee on: "Dynamic Testing"; for urinary or fecal incontinence. Part 2: Urodynamic testing in male patients with symptoms of urinary incontinence, in patients with relevant neurological abnormalities, and in children and in frail elderly with symptoms of urinary incontinence. Neurourol Urodyn. 2010; 29(1):146-52. PMID: 19771596.
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    62. Rosier PF, Gajewski JB, Sand PK, Szabó L, Capewell A, Hosker GL. Executive summary: The International Consultation on Incontinence 2008--Committee on: "Dynamic Testing"; for urinary incontinence and for fecal incontinence. Part 1: Innovations in urodynamic techniques and urodynamic testing for signs and symptoms of urinary incontinence in female patients. Neurourol Urodyn. 2010; 29(1):140-5. PMID: 19693949.
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    63. Staskin DR, Rosenberg MT, Sand PK, Zinner NR, Dmochowski RR. Trospium chloride once-daily extended release is effective and well tolerated for the treatment of overactive bladder syndrome: an integrated analysis of two randomised, phase III trials. Int J Clin Pract. 2009 Dec; 63(12):1715-23. PMID: 19930332.
      View in: PubMed
    64. Haylen BT, de Ridder D, Freeman RM, Swift SE, Berghmans B, Lee J, Monga A, Petri E, Rizk DE, Sand PK, Schaer GN. An International Urogynecological Association (IUGA)/International Continence Society (ICS) joint report on the terminology for female pelvic floor dysfunction. Int Urogynecol J. 2010 Jan; 21(1):5-26. PMID: 19937315.
      View in: PubMed
    65. Sand PK, Corcos J. Editorial comment on "An International Urogynecological Association (IUGA)/International Continence Society (ICS) joint report on the terminology for female pelvic floor dysfunction". Int Urogynecol J. 2010 Jan; 21(1):3-4. PMID: 19937317.
      View in: PubMed
    66. Dmochowski RR, Rosenberg MT, Zinner NR, Staskin DR, Sand PK. Extended-release trospium chloride improves quality of life in overactive bladder. Value Health. 2010 Mar-Apr; 13(2):251-7. PMID: 19818062.
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    67. Sand PK. The evolution of transdermal therapy for overactive bladder. Curr Urol Rep. 2009 Sep; 10(5):338-41. PMID: 19709479.
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    68. Sand PK, Dmochowski RR, Zinner NR, Staskin DR, Appell RA. Trospium chloride extended release is effective and well tolerated in women with overactive bladder syndrome. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2009 Dec; 20(12):1431-8. PMID: 19727537.
      View in: PubMed
    69. Botros SM, Sand PK, Beaumont JL, Abramov Y, Miller JJ, Goldberg RP. Arcus-anchored acellular dermal graft compared to anterior colporrhaphy for stage II cystoceles and beyond. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2009 Oct; 20(10):1265-71. PMID: 19533005.
      View in: PubMed
    70. Sand PK, Morrow JD, Bavendam T, Creanga DL, Nitti VW. Efficacy and tolerability of fesoterodine in women with overactive bladder. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2009 Jul; 20(7):827-35. PMID: 19495545.
      View in: PubMed
    71. Sand PK, Steers WD, Dmochowski R, Andoh M, Forero-Schwanhaeuser S. Patient-reported most bothersome symptoms in OAB: post hoc analysis of data from a large, open-label trial of solifenacin. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2009 Jun; 20(6):667-75. PMID: 19434385.
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    72. Staskin DR, Dmochowski RR, Sand PK, Macdiarmid SA, Caramelli KE, Thomas H, Hoel G. Efficacy and safety of oxybutynin chloride topical gel for overactive bladder: a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled, multicenter study. J Urol. 2009 Apr; 181(4):1764-72. PMID: 19233423.
      View in: PubMed
    73. Abrams P, Artibani W, Cardozo L, Dmochowski R, van Kerrebroeck P, Sand P. Reviewing the ICS 2002 terminology report: the ongoing debate. Neurourol Urodyn. 2009; 28(4):287. PMID: 19350662.
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    74. Pizzi LT, Talati A, Gemmen E, Dahl NV, Bunz TJ, Sand PK. Impact of transdermal oxybutynin on work productivity in patients with overactive bladder: results from the MATRIX study. Pharmacoeconomics. 2009; 27(4):329-39. PMID: 19485428.
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    75. Gamble TL, Botros SM, Beaumont JL, Goldberg RP, Miller JJ, Adeyanju O, Sand PK. Predictors of persistent detrusor overactivity after transvaginal sling procedures. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Dec; 199(6):696.e1-7. PMID: 18845297.
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    76. Siegel JF, Sand PK, Sasso K. Vulvodynia & pelvic pain? Think interstitial cystitis. Nurse Pract. 2008 Oct; 33(10):40-5. PMID: 18953242.
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    77. Mishell DR, Dell J, Sand PK. Evolving trends in the successful management of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome. J Reprod Med. 2008 Sep; 53(9):651-6. PMID: 18839816.
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    78. Nguyen A, Sand PK. Subjective measures of efficacy and quality of life in overactive bladder syndrome. Curr Urol Rep. 2008 Sep; 9(5):368-72. PMID: 18702920.
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    79. Stanford EJ, Chen A, Wan GJ, Lunacsek OE, Sand PK. Treatment modalities, health care resource utilization, and costs in patients diagnosed with interstitial cystitis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Jul; 199(1):71.e1-10. PMID: 18585523.
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    80. Sand PK, Kaufman DM, Evans RJ, Zhang HF, Alan Fisher DL, Nickel JC. Association between response to pentosan polysulfate sodium therapy for interstitial cystitis and patient questionnaire-based treatment satisfaction. Curr Med Res Opin. 2008 Aug; 24(8):2259-64. PMID: 18582395.
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    81. Miller JJ, Botros SM, Beaumont JL, Aschkenazi SO, Gamble T, Sand PK, Goldberg RP. Impact of hysterectomy on stress urinary incontinence: an identical twin study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 May; 198(5):565.e1-4. PMID: 18455535.
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    82. Dmochowski RR, Sand PK, Zinner NR, Staskin DR. Trospium 60 mg once daily (QD) for overactive bladder syndrome: results from a placebo-controlled interventional study. Urology. 2008 Mar; 71(3):449-54. PMID: 18342185.
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    83. Gamble T, Sand P. Patient perspectives in the management of overactive bladder, focus on transdermal oxybutynin. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2008 Feb 02; 2:349-56. PMID: 19920982.
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    84. Goldberg RP, Sherman W, Sand PK. Cystoscopy for lower urinary tract symptoms in urogynecologic practice: the likelihood of finding bladder cancer. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2008 Jul; 19(7):991-4. PMID: 18239842.
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    85. Appell RA, Sand PK. Nocturia: etiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Neurourol Urodyn. 2008; 27(1):34-9. PMID: 17924538.
      View in: PubMed
    86. Nickel JC, Kaufman DM, Zhang HF, Wan GJ, Sand PK. Time to initiation of pentosan polysulfate sodium treatment after interstitial cystitis diagnosis: effect on symptom improvement. Urology. 2008 Jan; 71(1):57-61. PMID: 18242365.
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    87. Gamble T, Sand PK. Evaluation and treatment of female urinary incontinence. Minerva Urol Nefrol. 2007 Dec; 59(4):431-50. PMID: 17947961.
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    88. Nitti VW, Dmochowski R, Sand PK, Forst HT, Haag-Molkenteller C, Massow U, Wang J, Brodsky M, Bavendam T. Efficacy, safety and tolerability of fesoterodine for overactive bladder syndrome. J Urol. 2007 Dec; 178(6):2488-94. PMID: 17937959.
      View in: PubMed
    89. Gamble T, Sand PK. Evaluation and treatment of female urinary incontinence. Panminerva Med. 2007 Sep; 49(3):159-75. PMID: 17912151.
      View in: PubMed
    90. Staskin D, Sand P, Zinner N, Dmochowski R. Once daily trospium chloride is effective and well tolerated for the treatment of overactive bladder: results from a multicenter phase III trial. J Urol. 2007 Sep; 178(3 Pt 1):978-83; discussion 983-4. PMID: 17632131.
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    91. Mayer RD, Dmochowski RR, Appell RA, Sand PK, Klimberg IW, Jacoby K, Graham CW, Snyder JA, Nitti VW, Winters JC. Multicenter prospective randomized 52-week trial of calcium hydroxylapatite versus bovine dermal collagen for treatment of stress urinary incontinence. Urology. 2007 May; 69(5):876-80. PMID: 17482925.
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    92. Armstrong RB, Dmochowski RR, Sand PK, Macdiarmid S. Safety and tolerability of extended-release oxybutynin once daily in urinary incontinence: combined results from two phase 4 controlled clinical trials. Int Urol Nephrol. 2007; 39(4):1069-77. PMID: 17333521.
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    93. Dmochowski R, Sand PK. Botulinum toxin A in the overactive bladder: current status and future directions. BJU Int. 2007 Feb; 99(2):247-62. PMID: 17313422.
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    94. Abramov Y, Golden B, Sullivan M, Botros SM, Miller JJ, Alshahrour A, Goldberg RP, Sand PK. Histologic characterization of vaginal vs. abdominal surgical wound healing in a rabbit model. Wound Repair Regen. 2007 Jan-Feb; 15(1):80-6. PMID: 17244323.
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    95. Botros SM, Miller JJ, Goldberg RP, Gandhi S, Akl M, Beaumont JL, Sand PK. Detrusor overactivity and urge urinary incontinence following trans obturator versus midurethral slings. Neurourol Urodyn. 2007; 26(1):42-5. PMID: 17149712.
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    96. Macdiarmid SA, Sand PK. Diagnosis of interstitial cystitis/ painful bladder syndrome in patients with overactive bladder symptoms. Rev Urol. 2007; 9(1):9-16. PMID: 17396167.
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    97. Sand P, Zinner N, Newman D, Lucente V, Dmochowski R, Kelleher C, Dahl NV. Oxybutynin transdermal system improves the quality of life in adults with overactive bladder: a multicentre, community-based, randomized study. BJU Int. 2007 Apr; 99(4):836-44. PMID: 17187655.
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    98. Sand PK, Goldberg RP, Dmochowski RR, McIlwain M, Dahl NV. The impact of the overactive bladder syndrome on sexual function: a preliminary report from the Multicenter Assessment of Transdermal Therapy in Overactive Bladder with Oxybutynin trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Dec; 195(6):1730-5. PMID: 17132474.
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    99. Garely AD, Kaufman JM, Sand PK, Smith N, Andoh M. Symptom bother and health-related quality of life outcomes following solifenacin treatment for overactive bladder: the VESIcare Open-Label Trial (VOLT). Clin Ther. 2006 Nov; 28(11):1935-46. PMID: 17213014.
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    100. Miller JJ, Botros SM, Akl MN, Aschkenazi SO, Beaumont JL, Goldberg RP, Sand PK. Is transobturator tape as effective as tension-free vaginal tape in patients with borderline maximum urethral closure pressure? Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Dec; 195(6):1799-804. PMID: 17014810.
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    101. Diokno AC, Sand PK, Macdiarmid S, Shah R, Armstrong RB. Perceptions and behaviours of women with bladder control problems. Fam Pract. 2006 Oct; 23(5):568-77. PMID: 16731545.
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    102. Abramov Y, Webb AR, Miller JJ, Alshahrour A, Botros SM, Goldberg RP, Ameer GA, Sand PK. Biomechanical characterization of vaginal versus abdominal surgical wound healing in the rabbit. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 May; 194(5):1472-7. PMID: 16647930.
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    103. Abrams P, Artibani W, Cardozo L, Dmochowski R, van Kerrebroeck P, Sand P. Reviewing the ICS 2002 terminology report: The ongoing debate. Neurourol Urodyn. 2006; 25(3):293. PMID: 28817211.
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    104. Botros SM, Abramov Y, Miller JJ, Sand PK, Gandhi S, Nickolov A, Goldberg RP. Effect of parity on sexual function: an identical twin study. Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Apr; 107(4):765-70. PMID: 16582110.
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    105. Nitti VW, Sanders S, Staskin DR, Dmochowski RR, Sand PK, MacDiarmid S, Maibach HI. Transdermal delivery of drugs for urologic applications: basic principles and applications. Urology. 2006 Apr; 67(4):657-64. PMID: 16618554.
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    106. Sand PK, Appell R. Disruptive effects of overactive bladder and urge urinary incontinence in younger women. Am J Med. 2006 Mar; 119(3 Suppl 1):16-23. PMID: 16483864.
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    107. Lavelle JP, Karram M, Chu FM, Dmochowski R, MacDiarmid SA, Staskin DR, Sand PK, Appell R, Erdem N. Management of incontinence for family practice physicians. Am J Med. 2006 Mar; 119(3 Suppl 1):37-40. PMID: 16483867.
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    108. Sand PK. Proposed pathogenesis of painful bladder syndrome/interstitial cystitis. J Reprod Med. 2006 Mar; 51(3 Suppl):234-40. PMID: 16676918.
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    109. Botros SM, Abramov Y, Goldberg RP, Beaumont JL, Gandhi S, Miller JJ, Sand PK. Detrusor overactivity and urge urinary incontinence [corrected] following midurethral versus bladder sling procedures. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Dec; 193(6):2144-8. PMID: 16325631.
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    110. Goldberg RP, Abramov Y, Botros S, Miller JJ, Gandhi S, Nickolov A, Sherman W, Sand PK. Delivery mode is a major environmental determinant of stress urinary incontinence: results of the Evanston-Northwestern Twin Sisters Study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Dec; 193(6):2149-53. PMID: 16325632.
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    111. Lukban JC, Aguirre OA, Davila GW, Sand PK. Safety and effectiveness of Colpexin Sphere in the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2006 Sep; 17(5):449-54. PMID: 16328117.
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    112. Koduri S, Goldberg RP, Kwon C, Dobrez DG, Sand PK. Factors influencing the long-term success of periurethral collagen therapy in the office. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2006 Jun; 17(4):346-51. PMID: 16228122.
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    113. Abramov Y, Sand PK, Botros SM, Gandhi S, Miller JJ, Nickolov A, Goldberg RP. Risk factors for female anal incontinence: new insight through the Evanston-Northwestern twin sisters study. Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Oct; 106(4):726-32. PMID: 16199628.
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    114. Abramov Y, Sand PK, Gandhi S, Botros SM, Miller JJ, Koh EK, Goldberg RP. The effect of preemptive pudendal nerve blockade on pain after transvaginal pelvic reconstructive surgery. Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Oct; 106(4):782-8. PMID: 16199636.
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    115. Miller JJ, Sand PK. Diagnosis and treatment of overactive bladder. Minerva Ginecol. 2005 Oct; 57(5):501-20. PMID: 16205596.
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    116. Gandhi S, Abramov Y, Kwon C, Beaumont JL, Botros S, Sand PK, Goldberg RP. TVT versus SPARC: comparison of outcomes for two midurethral tape procedures. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2006 Feb; 17(2):125-30. PMID: 16079957.
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    117. Sand PK. Should women be offered elective cesarean section in the hope of preserving pelvic floor function? Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2005 Jul-Aug; 16(4):255-6. PMID: 15931552.
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    118. Chu FM, Dmochowski RR, Lama DJ, Anderson RU, Sand PK. Extended-release formulations of oxybutynin and tolterodine exhibit similar central nervous system tolerability profiles: a subanalysis of data from the OPERA trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Jun; 192(6):1849-54; discussion 1854-5. PMID: 15970828.
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    119. Abramov Y, Gandhi S, Botros SM, Goldberg RP, Sherman W, Rurak M, Sand PK. Do alterations in vaginal dimensions after reconstructive pelvic surgeries affect the risk for dyspareunia? Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 May; 192(5):1573-7. PMID: 15902160.
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    120. Gandhi S, Goldberg RP, Kwon C, Koduri S, Beaumont JL, Abramov Y, Sand PK. A prospective randomized trial using solvent dehydrated fascia lata for the prevention of recurrent anterior vaginal wall prolapse. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 May; 192(5):1649-54. PMID: 15902172.
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    121. Gandhi S, Kubba LM, Abramov Y, Botros SM, Goldberg RP, Victor TA, Sand PK. Histopathologic changes of porcine dermis xenografts for transvaginal suburethral slings. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005 May; 192(5):1643-8. PMID: 15902171.
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    122. Botros SM, Dieterich M, Sand PK, Goldberg RP. Successful treatment of Zoon's vulvitis with high potency topical steroid. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2006 Feb; 17(2):178-9. PMID: 15834511.
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    123. Goldberg RP, Kwon C, Gandhi S, Atkuru LV, Sand PK. Urinary incontinence after multiple gestation and delivery: impact on quality of life. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2005 Sep-Oct; 16(5):334-6. PMID: 15700106.
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    124. Abramov Y, Gandhi S, Goldberg RP, Botros SM, Kwon C, Sand PK. Site-specific rectocele repair compared with standard posterior colporrhaphy. Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Feb; 105(2):314-8. PMID: 15684158.
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    125. Abramov Y, Sand PK. Oxybutynin for treatment of urge urinary incontinence and overactive bladder: an updated review. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2004 Nov; 5(11):2351-9. PMID: 15500382.
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    126. Sand PK. Elevating our therapeutic expectations in overactive bladder. J Am Acad Nurse Pract. 2004 Oct; 16(10 Suppl):8-11. PMID: 15543927.
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    127. Gandhi S, Beaumont JL, Goldberg RP, Kwon C, Abramov Y, Sand PK. Foley versus intermittent self-catheterization after transvaginal sling surgery: which works best? Urology. 2004 Jul; 64(1):53-7. PMID: 15245935.
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    128. Sand PK, Miklos J, Ritter H, Appell R. A comparison of extended-release oxybutynin and tolterodine for treatment of overactive bladder in women. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2004 Jul-Aug; 15(4):243-8. PMID: 15517668.
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    129. Goldberg RP, Koduri S, Sand PK, Kwon C, Culligan P. The tensile strength of Cooper's ligament suturing: comparison of abdominal and transvaginal techniques. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2004 Nov-Dec; 15(6):425-7; discussion 428. PMID: 15278253.
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    130. Abramov Y, Goldberg RP, McGuire M, Golden B, Gandhi S, Sand PK. Eosinophilic cystitis after bladder instillation with dimethyl sulfoxide. Urology. 2004 Jun; 63(6):1182-3. PMID: 15183980.
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    131. Abramov Y, Sand PK, Gandhi S, Botros-Brey S, Goldberg RP. Chronic pelvic actinomycosis following a bone anchored sling procedure. J Urol. 2004 Jun; 171(6 Pt 1):2381. PMID: 15126833.
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    132. Goldberg RP, Tchetgen MB, Sand PK, Koduri S, Rackley R, Appell R, Culligan PJ. Incidence of pubic osteomyelitis after bladder neck suspension using bone anchors. Urology. 2004 Apr; 63(4):704-8. PMID: 15072885.
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    133. Sand PK. Chronic pain syndromes of gynecologic origin. J Reprod Med. 2004 Mar; 49(3 Suppl):230-4. PMID: 15088861.
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    134. Hösing VG, Schirmacher A, Kuhlenbäumer G, Freitag C, Sand P, Schlesiger C, Jacob C, Fritze J, Franke P, Rietschel M, Garritsen H, Nöthen MM, Fimmers R, Stögbauer F, Deckert J. Cholecystokinin- and cholecystokinin-B-receptor gene polymorphisms in panic disorder. J Neural Transm Suppl. 2004; (68):147-56. PMID: 15354400.
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    135. Goldberg RP, Kwon C, Gandhi S, Atkuru LV, Sorensen M, Sand PK. Prevalence of anal incontinence among mothers of multiples and analysis of risk factors. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Dec; 189(6):1627-30; discussion 1630-1. PMID: 14710087.
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    136. Kwon CH, Culligan PJ, Koduri S, Goldberg RP, Sand PK. The development of pelvic organ prolapse following isolated Burch retropubic urethropexy. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2003 Nov; 14(5):321-5; discussion 325. PMID: 14618308.
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    137. Culligan PJ, Goldberg RP, Sand PK. A randomized controlled trial comparing a modified Burch procedure and a suburethral sling: long-term follow-up. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2003 Oct; 14(4):229-33; discussion 233. PMID: 14530832.
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    138. Dmochowski RR, Sand PK, Zinner NR, Gittelman MC, Davila GW, Sanders SW. Comparative efficacy and safety of transdermal oxybutynin and oral tolterodine versus placebo in previously treated patients with urge and mixed urinary incontinence. Urology. 2003 Aug; 62(2):237-42. PMID: 12893326.
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    139. Diokno AC, Appell RA, Sand PK, Dmochowski RR, Gburek BM, Klimberg IW, Kell SH. Prospective, randomized, double-blind study of the efficacy and tolerability of the extended-release formulations of oxybutynin and tolterodine for overactive bladder: results of the OPERA trial. Mayo Clin Proc. 2003 Jun; 78(6):687-95. PMID: 12934777.
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    140. Goldberg RP, Kwon C, Gandhi S, Atkuru LV, Sorensen M, Sand PK. Urinary incontinence among mothers of multiples: the protective effect of cesarean delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Jun; 188(6):1447-50; discussion 1450-3. PMID: 12824977.
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    141. Goldberg RP, Sand PK. Extracorporeal electromagnetic stimulation for urinary incontinence and bladder disease. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2003; 539(Pt A):453-65. PMID: 15088922.
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    142. Kwon C, Sand PK. Conservative therapy for overactive bladder: pelvic floor exercises. Curr Urol Rep. 2002 Dec; 3(6):458-62. PMID: 12425867.
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    143. Kwon CH, Goldberg RP, Koduri S, Sand PK. The use of intraoperative cystoscopy in major vaginal and urogynecologic surgeries. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Dec; 187(6):1466-71; discussion 1471-2. PMID: 12501048.
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    144. Goldberg RP, Sand PK. Pathophysiology of the overactive bladder. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Mar; 45(1):182-92. PMID: 11862071.
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    145. Diokno A, Sand P, Labasky R, Sieber P, Antoci J, Leach G, Atkinson L, Albrecht D. Long-term safety of extended-release oxybutynin chloride in a community-dwelling population of participants with overactive bladder: a one-year study. Int Urol Nephrol. 2002; 34(1):43-9. PMID: 12549638.
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    146. Culligan PJ, Koduri S, Heit MH, Rackley R, Thomson RB, Schwabe L, Goldberg RP, Bent AE, Nihira M, Sand PK. The safety of reusing injectable collagen: a multicenter microbiological study. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2002; 13(4):232-4; discussion 235. PMID: 12189428.
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    147. Goldberg RP, Koduri S, Lobel RW, Culligan PJ, Tomezsko JE, Winkler HA, Sand PK. Protective effect of suburethral slings on postoperative cystocele recurrence after reconstructive pelvic operation. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Dec; 185(6):1307-12; discussion 1312-3. PMID: 11744901.
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    148. Koduri S, Sand P. Transvaginal bladder neck suspension to Cooper's ligament. Curr Urol Rep. 2001 Oct; 2(5):344-9. PMID: 12084240.
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    149. Goldberg RP, Tomezsko JE, Winkler HA, Koduri S, Culligan PJ, Sand PK. Anterior or posterior sacrospinous vaginal vault suspension: long-term anatomic and functional evaluation. Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Aug; 98(2):199-204. PMID: 11506833.
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    150. Culligan PJ, Goldberg RP, Blackhurst DW, Sasso K, Koduri S, Sand PK. Comparison of microtransducer and fiberoptic catheters for urodynamic studies. Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Aug; 98(2):253-7. PMID: 11506841.
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    151. Sand PK, Koduri S, Lobel RW, Winkler HA, Tomezsko J, Culligan PJ, Goldberg R. Prospective randomized trial of polyglactin 910 mesh to prevent recurrence of cystoceles and rectoceles. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Jun; 184(7):1357-62; discussion 1362-4. PMID: 11408853.
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    152. Appell RA, Sand P, Dmochowski R, Anderson R, Zinner N, Lama D, Roach M, Miklos J, Saltzstein D, Boone T, Staskin DR, Albrecht D. Prospective randomized controlled trial of extended-release oxybutynin chloride and tolterodine tartrate in the treatment of overactive bladder: results of the OBJECT Study. Mayo Clin Proc. 2001 Apr; 76(4):358-63. PMID: 11322350.
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    153. Goldberg RP, Sand PK. Electromagnetic pelvic floor stimulation for urinary incontinence and bladder disease. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2001; 12(6):401-4. PMID: 11795645.
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    154. Goldberg RP, Sand PK, Beck H. Early-stage ovarian carcinoma presenting with irritative voiding symptoms and urge incontinence. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2001; 12(5):342-4. PMID: 11716003.
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    155. Sand PK. Urogynecology: the death of dogma. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 2001; 12(1):1-2. PMID: 11294524.
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    156. Galloway NT, El-Galley RE, Sand PK, Appell RA, Russell HW, Carlin SJ. Update on extracorporeal magnetic innervation (EXMI) therapy for stress urinary incontinence. Urology. 2000 Dec 04; 56(6 Suppl 1):82-6. PMID: 11114568.
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    157. Koduri S, Goldberg RP, Sand PK. Transvaginal therapy of genuine stress incontinence. Urology. 2000 Dec 04; 56(6 Suppl 1):23-7. PMID: 11114559.
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    158. Goldberg RP, Sand PK. Electromagnetic pelvic floor stimulation: applications for the gynecologist. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2000 Nov; 55(11):715-20. PMID: 11075736.
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    159. Koduri S, Sand PK. Recent developments in pelvic organ prolapse. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Oct; 12(5):399-404. PMID: 11111882.
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    160. Culligan PJ, Rackley R, Koduri S, Thomson RB, Schwabe L, Sand PK. Is it safe to reuse a syringe of glutaraldehyde cross-linked collagen? A microbiological study. J Urol. 2000 Oct; 164(4):1275-6. PMID: 10992379.
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    161. Winkler HA, Tomeszko JE, Sand PK. Anterior sacrospinous vaginal vault suspension for prolapse. Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Apr; 95(4):612-5. PMID: 10787347.
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    162. Sand PK, Winkler H, Blackhurst DW, Culligan PJ. A prospective randomized study comparing modified Burch retropubic urethropexy and suburethral sling for treatment of genuine stress incontinence with low-pressure urethra. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2000 Jan; 182(1 Pt 1):30-4. PMID: 10649153.
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    163. Enzler M, Agins HJ, Kogan M, Kudurna J, Sand P, Wurtz R, Culligan P. Osteomyelitis of the pubis following suspension of the neck of the bladder with use of bone anchors. A report of four cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1999 Dec; 81(12):1736-40. PMID: 10608385.
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    164. Gleason DM, Susset J, White C, Munoz DR, Sand PK. Evaluation of a new once-daily formulation of oxbutynin for the treatment of urinary urge incontinence. Ditropan XL Study Group. Urology. 1999 Sep; 54(3):420-3. PMID: 10475346.
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    165. Galloway NT, El-Galley RE, Sand PK, Appell RA, Russell HW, Carlan SJ. Extracorporeal magnetic innervation therapy for stress urinary incontinence. Urology. 1999 Jun; 53(6):1108-11. PMID: 10367836.
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    166. Sand PK, Staskin D, Miller J, Diokno A, Sant GR, Davila GW, Knapp P, Rappaport S, Tutrone R. Effect of a urinary control insert on quality of life in incontinent women. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 1999; 10(2):100-5. PMID: 10384971.
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    167. Sand PK, Winkler HA. Analysis of long-term Elmiron therapy for interstitial cystitis. Urology 1997;49(Suppl 5A):93-99. J Womens Health. 1998 Mar; 7(2):268-9. PMID: 9555694.
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    168. Miller K, Richardson DA, Siegel SW, Karram MM, Blackwood NB, Sand PK. Pelvic floor electrical stimulation for genuine stress incontinence: who will benefit and when? Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 1998; 9(5):265-70. PMID: 9849758.
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    169. Winkler HA, Sand PK. Treatment of detrusor instability with oxybutynin rectal suppositories. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 1998; 9(2):100-2. PMID: 9694139.
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    170. Siegel SW, Richardson DA, Miller KL, Karram MM, Blackwood NB, Sand PK, Staskin DR, Tuttle JP. Pelvic floor electrical stimulation for the treatment of urge and mixed urinary incontinence in women. Urology. 1997 Dec; 50(6):934-40. PMID: 9426726.
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    171. Tomezsko JE, Sand PK. Pregnancy and intercurrent diseases of the urogenital tract. Clin Perinatol. 1997 Jun; 24(2):343-68. PMID: 9209807.
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    172. Lobel RW, Sand PK. Incisional hernia after suprapubic catheterization. Obstet Gynecol. 1997 May; 89(5 Pt 2):844-6. PMID: 9166345.
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    173. Winkler HA, Sand PK. The evaluation and management of hematuria in women. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct. 1997; 8(3):156-60. PMID: 9449589.
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    174. Sand PK. Pelvic floor stimulation in the treatment of mixed incontinence complicated by a low-pressure urethra. Obstet Gynecol. 1996 Nov; 88(5):757-60. PMID: 8885908.
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    175. Lobel RW, Sand PK. The empty supine stress test as a predictor of intrinsic urethral sphincter dysfunction. Obstet Gynecol. 1996 Jul; 88(1):128-32. PMID: 8684745.
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    176. Staskin D, Bavendam T, Miller J, Davila GW, Diokno A, Knapp P, Rappaport S, Sand P, Sant G, Tutrone R. Effectiveness of a urinary control insert in the management of stress urinary incontinence: early results of a multicenter study. Urology. 1996 May; 47(5):629-36. PMID: 8650857.
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    177. Naber D, Sand P, Heigl B. Psychopathological and neuropsychological effects of 8-days' corticosteroid treatment. A prospective study. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 1996 Jan; 21(1):25-31. PMID: 8778901.
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    178. Sand PK, Richardson DA, Staskin DR, Swift SE, Appell RA, Whitmore KE, Ostergard DR. Pelvic floor electrical stimulation in the treatment of genuine stress incontinence: a multicenter, placebo-controlled trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Jul; 173(1):72-9. PMID: 7631730.
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    179. Fedorkow DM, Sand PK, Retzky SS, Johnson DC. The cotton swab test. Receiver-operating characteristic curves. J Reprod Med. 1995 Jan; 40(1):42-6. PMID: 7722975.
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    180. Soyka M, Immler B, Sand P. [Alcohol and drug abuse as risk factors for violence and delinquency in schizophrenic patients]. Psychiatr Prax. 1993 Sep; 20(5):172-5. PMID: 8248441.
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    181. Sand PK, Brubaker LT, Novak T. Simple standing incremental cystometry as a screening method for detrusor instability. Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Mar; 77(3):453-7. PMID: 1992416.
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    182. Sand PK, Bowen LW, Ostergard DR. The prognostic significance of augmentation of urethral closure pressure and functional length. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1990 Oct; 33(2):135-9. PMID: 1976546.
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    183. Sand PK, Brubaker LT. Advances in nonoperative treatment of genuine stress incontinence. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 1990 Aug; 2(4):599-604. PMID: 1983385.
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    184. Sand PK, Brubaker L. Nonsurgical treatment of detrusor overactivity in postmenopausal women. J Reprod Med. 1990 Aug; 35(8):758-64. PMID: 2213736.
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    185. Brubaker L, Sand PK. Cystometry, urethrocystometry, and videocystourethrography. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 1990 Jun; 33(2):315-24. PMID: 2190735.
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    186. Brubaker LT, Sand PK. Urinary frequency and urgency. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 1989 Dec; 16(4):883-96. PMID: 2697821.
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    187. Sand PK, Bowen LW, Ostergard DR, Bent A, Panganiban R. Cryosurgery versus dilation and massage for the treatment of recurrent urethral syndrome. J Reprod Med. 1989 Aug; 34(8):499-504. PMID: 2810238.
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    188. Bowen LW, Sand PK, Ostergard DR, Franti CE. Unsuccessful Burch retropubic urethropexy: a case-controlled urodynamic study. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1989 Feb; 160(2):452-8. PMID: 2916634.
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    189. Brubaker LT, Sand PK. Surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence: a comparison of the Kelly plication, Marshall-Marchetti-Krantz, and Pereyra procedures. Obstet Gynecol. 1988 Nov; 72(5):820-1. PMID: 3173934.
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    190. Sand PK, Bowen LW, Ostergard DR, Brubaker L, Panganiban R. The effect of retropubic urethropexy on detrusor stability. Obstet Gynecol. 1988 Jun; 71(6 Pt 1):818-22. PMID: 3285262.
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    191. Sand PK, Hill RC, Ostergard DR. Incontinence history as a predictor of detrusor stability. Obstet Gynecol. 1988 Feb; 71(2):257-60. PMID: 3336562.
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    192. Sand PK, Bowen LW, Ostergard DR, Nakanishi AM. Hysterectomy and prior incontinence surgery as risk factors for failed retropubic cystourethropexy. J Reprod Med. 1988 Feb; 33(2):171-4. PMID: 3351814.
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    193. Francis LN, Sand PK, Hamrang K, Ostergard DR. A urodynamic appraisal of success and failure after retropubic urethropexy. J Reprod Med. 1987 Sep; 32(9):693-6. PMID: 3668968.
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    194. Sand PK, Hill RC, Ostergard DR. Supine urethroscopic and standing cystometry as screening methods for the detection of detrusor instability. Obstet Gynecol. 1987 Jul; 70(1):57-60. PMID: 3601269.
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    195. Sand PK, Shen W, Bowen LW, Ostergard DR. Cryotherapy for the treatment of proximal urethral condyloma acuminatum. J Urol. 1987 May; 137(5):874-6. PMID: 3573180.
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    196. Sand PK, Bowen LW, Panganiban R, Ostergard DR. The low pressure urethra as a factor in failed retropubic urethropexy. Obstet Gynecol. 1987 Mar; 69(3 Pt 1):399-402. PMID: 3822288.
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    197. Sand PK, Bowen LW, Ostergard DR. Uninhibited urethral relaxation: an unusual cause of incontinence. Obstet Gynecol. 1986 Nov; 68(5):645-8. PMID: 3763077.
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    198. Sand PK, Bowen LW, Blischke SO, Ostergard DR. Evaluation of male consorts of women with genital human papilloma virus infection. Obstet Gynecol. 1986 Nov; 68(5):679-81. PMID: 3763084.
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    199. Lurain JR, Sand PK, Brewer JI. Choriocarcinoma associated with ectopic pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 1986 Aug; 68(2):286-7. PMID: 3737045.
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    200. Sand PK, Stubblefield PA, Ory SJ. Methotrexate inhibition of normal trophoblasts in vitro. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1986 Aug; 155(2):324-9. PMID: 3740149.
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    201. Ory SJ, Villanueva AL, Sand PK, Tamura RK. Conservative treatment of ectopic pregnancy with methotrexate. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1986 Jun; 154(6):1299-306. PMID: 2940870.
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    202. Sand PK, Bowen LW, Ostergard DR. Voiding dysfunction in the adolescent. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1986 Jun; 41(6):342-7. PMID: 3520415.
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    203. Bowen LW, Sand PK, Ostergard DR. Toxic shock syndrome following carbon dioxide laser treatment of genital tract condyloma acuminatum. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1986 Jan; 154(1):145-6. PMID: 3946487.
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    204. Sand PK, Lurain JR, Brewer JI. Repeat gestational trophoblastic disease. Obstet Gynecol. 1984 Feb; 63(2):140-4. PMID: 6320076.
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    205. Lurain JR, Sand PK, Carson SA, Brewer JI. Pregnancy outcome subsequent to consecutive hydatidiform moles. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1982 Apr 15; 142(8):1060-1. PMID: 6280501.
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    206. Sand P. [Signs of inflammation and hemorrhage in the rectal mucosa during therapy of rectal constipation with phosphate enemata and bisacodyl rectal tube]. Ugeskr Laeger. 1978 Aug 21; 140(34):2041-4. PMID: 308272.
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