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Iris Romero

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionUniversity of Chicago
DepartmentObstetrics & Gynecology
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    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    Dr. Romero is an Associate Professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Chicago. Her research program focuses on identifying novel interventions for ovarian cancer prevention and treatment. To approach this her lab evaluates the cancer protective effects of medications that are widely used for non-cancer indications. Given the high cost and difficulty of new cancer drug development, drug repurposing or taping into the anti-carcinogenic potential of economical and widely used drugs is an important paradigm shift in cancer research. Her research program integrate of in vitro cancer biology techniques, mouse models of ovarian cancer and human clinical data and samples. Using this integrated approach, her group has reported anti-ovarian cancer effects of two commonly used medications: metformin used for diabetes and statins used for high cholesterol. Complementary to her research endeavors, Dr. Romero’s clinical practice provides comprehensive obstetrical and gynecological care to women at high risk for gynecologic malignancies, including those with a genetic predisposition to cancer.


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    University of New Mexico, NMMD2001MD
    University of Utah, UT2005Ob/Gyn
    Hershey Medical Center, PA2003Ob/Gyn

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    1. Chefetz I, Grimley E, Yang K, Hong L, Vinogradova EV, Suciu R, Kovalenko I, Karnak D, Morgan CA, Chtcherbinine M, Buchman C, Huddle B, Barraza S, Morgan M, Bernstein KA, Yoon E, Lombard DB, Bild A, Mehta G, Romero I, Chiang CY, Landen C, Cravatt B, Hurley TD, Larsen SD, Buckanovich RJ. A Pan-ALDH1A Inhibitor Induces Necroptosis in Ovarian Cancer Stem-like Cells. Cell Rep. 2019 Mar 12; 26(11):3061-3075.e6. PMID: 30865894.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Hart PC, Chiyoda T, Liu X, Weigert M, Curtis M, Chiang CY, Loth R, Lastra R, McGregor SM, Locasale JW, Lengyel E, Romero IL. SPHK1 Is a Novel Target of Metformin in Ovarian Cancer. Mol Cancer Res. 2019 04; 17(4):870-881. PMID: 30655321.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Nielsen SM, Eccles DM, Romero IL, Al-Mulla F, Balmaña J, Biancolella M, Bslok R, Caligo MA, Calvello M, Capone GL, Cavalli P, Chan TLC, Claes KBM, Cortesi L, Couch FJ, de la Hoya M, De Toffol S, Diez O, Domchek SM, Eeles R, Efremidis A, Fostira F, Goldgar D, Hadjisavvas A, Hansen TVO, Hirasawa A, Houdayer C, Kleiblova P, Krieger S, Lázaro C, Loizidou M, Manoukian S, Mensenkamp AR, Moghadasi S, Monteiro AN, Mori L, Morrow A, Naldi N, Nielsen HR, Olopade OI, Pachter NS, Palmero EI, Pedersen IS, Piane M, Puzzo M, Robson M, Rossing M, Sini MC, Solano A, Soukupova J, Tedaldi G, Teixeira M, Thomassen M, Tibiletti MG, Toland A, Törngren T, Vaccari E, Varesco L, Vega A, Wallis Y, Wappenschmidt B, Weitzel J, Spurdle AB, De Nicolo A, Gómez-García EB. Genetic Testing and Clinical Management Practices for Variants in Non-BRCA1/2 Breast (and Breast/Ovarian) Cancer Susceptibility Genes: An International Survey by the Evidence-Based Network for the Interpretation of Germline Mutant Alleles (ENIGMA) Clinical Working Group. JCO Precis Oncol. 2018; 2. PMID: 31517176.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Guindalini RSC, Zheng Y, Abe H, Whitaker K, Yoshimatsu TF, Walsh T, Schacht D, Kulkarni K, Sheth D, Verp MS, Bradbury AR, Churpek J, Obeid E, Mueller J, Khramtsova G, Liu F, Raoul A, Cao H, Romero IL, Hong S, Livingston R, Jaskowiak N, Wang X, Debiasi M, Pritchard CC, King MC, Karczmar G, Newstead GM, Huo D, Olopade OI. Intensive Surveillance with Biannual Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging Downstages Breast Cancer in BRCA1 Mutation Carriers. Clin Cancer Res. 2019 Mar 15; 25(6):1786-1794. PMID: 30154229.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Romero IL. Obstetrics and Gynecology: A Specialty at the Forefront of Care for LGBTQ Patients. Semin Reprod Med. 2017 09; 35(5):395-396. PMID: 29073676.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Bushe S, Romero IL. Lesbian Pregnancy: Care and Considerations. Semin Reprod Med. 2017 09; 35(5):420-425. PMID: 29073680.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Chiyoda T, Hart PC, Eckert MA, McGregor SM, Lastra RR, Hamamoto R, Nakamura Y, Yamada SD, Olopade OI, Lengyel E, Romero IL. Loss of BRCA1 in the Cells of Origin of Ovarian Cancer Induces Glycolysis: A Window of Opportunity for Ovarian Cancer Chemoprevention. Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2017 Apr; 10(4):255-266. PMID: 28264838.
      View in: PubMed
    8. Liu X, Romero IL, Litchfield LM, Lengyel E, Locasale JW. Metformin Targets Central Carbon Metabolism and Reveals Mitochondrial Requirements in Human Cancers. Cell Metab. 2016 11 08; 24(5):728-739. PMID: 27746051.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Ezewuiro O, Grushko TA, Kocherginsky M, Habis M, Hurteau JA, Mills KA, Hunn J, Olopade OI, Fleming GF, Romero IL. Association of Metformin Use with Outcomes in Advanced Endometrial Cancer Treated with Chemotherapy. PLoS One. 2016; 11(1):e0147145. PMID: 26788855.
      View in: PubMed
    10. Bowtell DD, Böhm S, Ahmed AA, Aspuria PJ, Bast RC, Beral V, Berek JS, Birrer MJ, Blagden S, Bookman MA, Brenton JD, Chiappinelli KB, Martins FC, Coukos G, Drapkin R, Edmondson R, Fotopoulou C, Gabra H, Galon J, Gourley C, Heong V, Huntsman DG, Iwanicki M, Karlan BY, Kaye A, Lengyel E, Levine DA, Lu KH, McNeish IA, Menon U, Narod SA, Nelson BH, Nephew KP, Pharoah P, Powell DJ, Ramos P, Romero IL, Scott CL, Sood AK, Stronach EA, Balkwill FR. Rethinking ovarian cancer II: reducing mortality from high-grade serous ovarian cancer. Nat Rev Cancer. 2015 Nov; 15(11):668-79. PMID: 26493647.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Litchfield LM, Mukherjee A, Eckert MA, Johnson A, Mills KA, Pan S, Shridhar V, Lengyel E, Romero IL. Hyperglycemia-induced metabolic compensation inhibits metformin sensitivity in ovarian cancer. Oncotarget. 2015 Sep 15; 6(27):23548-60. PMID: 26172303.
      View in: PubMed
    12. Romero IL, Mukherjee A, Kenny HA, Litchfield LM, Lengyel E. Molecular pathways: trafficking of metabolic resources in the tumor microenvironment. Clin Cancer Res. 2015 Feb 15; 21(4):680-6. PMID: 25691772.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Febbraro T, Lengyel E, Romero IL. Old drug, new trick: repurposing metformin for gynecologic cancers? Gynecol Oncol. 2014 Dec; 135(3):614-21. PMID: 25455733.
      View in: PubMed
    14. Lengyel E, Litchfield LM, Mitra AK, Nieman KM, Mukherjee A, Zhang Y, Johnson A, Bradaric M, Lee W, Romero IL. Metformin inhibits ovarian cancer growth and increases sensitivity to paclitaxel in mouse models. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Apr; 212(4):479.e1-479.e10. PMID: 25446664.
      View in: PubMed
    15. Kenny HA, Chiang CY, White EA, Schryver EM, Habis M, Romero IL, Ladanyi A, Penicka CV, George J, Matlin K, Montag A, Wroblewski K, Yamada SD, Mazar AP, Bowtell D, Lengyel E. Mesothelial cells promote early ovarian cancer metastasis through fibronectin secretion. J Clin Invest. 2014 Oct; 124(10):4614-28. PMID: 25202979.
      View in: PubMed
    16. Habis M, Wroblewski K, Bradaric M, Ismail N, Yamada SD, Litchfield L, Lengyel E, Romero IL. Statin therapy is associated with improved survival in patients with non-serous-papillary epithelial ovarian cancer: a retrospective cohort analysis. PLoS One. 2014; 9(8):e104521. PMID: 25118694.
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    17. Nieman KM, Romero IL, Van Houten B, Lengyel E. Adipose tissue and adipocytes support tumorigenesis and metastasis. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013 Oct; 1831(10):1533-41. PMID: 23500888.
      View in: PubMed
    18. Romero IL, McCormick A, McEwen KA, Park S, Karrison T, Yamada SD, Pannain S, Lengyel E. Relationship of type II diabetes and metformin use to ovarian cancer progression, survival, and chemosensitivity. Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Jan; 119(1):61-7. PMID: 22183212.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Nieman KM, Kenny HA, Penicka CV, Ladanyi A, Buell-Gutbrod R, Zillhardt MR, Romero IL, Carey MS, Mills GB, Hotamisligil GS, Yamada SD, Peter ME, Gwin K, Lengyel E. Adipocytes promote ovarian cancer metastasis and provide energy for rapid tumor growth. Nat Med. 2011 Oct 30; 17(11):1498-503. PMID: 22037646.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Romero IL, Lee W, Mitra AK, Gordon IO, Zhao Y, Leonhardt P, Penicka CV, Mui KL, Krausz TN, Greene GL, Lengyel E. The effects of 17ß-estradiol and a selective estrogen receptor modulator, bazedoxifene, on ovarian carcinogenesis. Gynecol Oncol. 2012 Jan; 124(1):134-41. PMID: 21996264.
      View in: PubMed
    21. Zillhardt M, Park SM, Romero IL, Sawada K, Montag A, Krausz T, Yamada SD, Peter ME, Lengyel E. Foretinib (GSK1363089), an orally available multikinase inhibitor of c-Met and VEGFR-2, blocks proliferation, induces anoikis, and impairs ovarian cancer metastasis. Clin Cancer Res. 2011 Jun 15; 17(12):4042-51. PMID: 21551255.
      View in: PubMed
    22. Chen L, Park SM, Tumanov AV, Hau A, Sawada K, Feig C, Turner JR, Fu YX, Romero IL, Lengyel E, Peter ME. CD95 promotes tumour growth. Nature. 2010 May 27; 465(7297):492-6. PMID: 20505730.
      View in: PubMed
    23. Romero IL, Gordon IO, Jagadeeswaran S, Mui KL, Lee WS, Dinulescu DM, Krausz TN, Kim HH, Gilliam ML, Lengyel E. Effects of oral contraceptives or a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist on ovarian carcinogenesis in genetically engineered mice. Cancer Prev Res (Phila). 2009 Sep; 2(9):792-9. PMID: 19737983.
      View in: PubMed
    24. Romero I, Turok D, Gilliam M. A randomized trial of tramadol versus ibuprofen as an adjunct to pain control during vacuum aspiration abortion. Contraception. 2008 Jan; 77(1):56-9. PMID: 18082668.
      View in: PubMed
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