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Kristen Jacobson

TitleAssociate Professor
InstitutionUniversity of Chicago
DepartmentPsychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience-Research
AddressChicago IL 60637
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    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    My research interests are in how environmental, social, genetic, and biological factors interact to influence individual differences in socioemotional and behavioral development in children and adolescents. My work is greatly influenced by the Bioecological Model developed by Dr. Urie Bronfenbrenner, whom I was privileged to work with after college. This model has guided my research examining influences on youth socioemotional and problem behaviors at multiple levels of analysis, including neighborhood, school, peer, family, and individual psychosocial, biological, and genetic factors.

    My primary expertise is youth socioemotional development, substance use, and behavior problems. Through a combination of collaborative and independent studies I have begun to identify the underlying pathways through which social and environmental experiences “get under the skin” to affect behavior, which in turn can help us to better understand the nature of socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in health and health-related behaviors. As a behavioral scientist, I aim to bridge the gap between biological and social sciences. My research program is unique in that it is highly interdisciplinary, spanning fields of developmental psychology and psychiatry, behavioral genetics, sociology, anthrozoology, neuroscience, and endocrinology.

    A behavioral geneticist by training, in the past decade, my work has moved away from studies of latent genetic and environmental influences to focus on the impact of measured environmental and social factors on brain, biology, and behavior. Most recently, I completed a pilot study examining the impact of exposure to community violence on the neural underpinnings of emotional and cognitive processes using fMRI in a sample of 9-11 year old children, and am currently starting a clinical trial testing the effects of a structured, goal-oriented, dog-training program on self-esteem, impulse control, and emotion regulation in two samples of youth with behavioral and emotional problems.

    I am deeply committed to research education and mentorship. I have supervised several postdoctoral trainees, masters students, and undergraduate students. In our department, I teach basic statistical literacy and lead methodological journal clubs for adult psychiatry residents and child psychiatry fellows. I also direct the research program for psychiatry residents and fellows and help our clinical faculty develop and test research questions.

    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    Cornell UniversityA.B.1990Psychology & English
    Pennsylvania State UniversityM.S.1994Human Development & Family Studies
    Pennsylvania State UniversityPh.D.1999Human Development & Family Studies
    Virginia Commonwealth UniversityPostdoctoral Scholar2000Virginia Institute for Psychiatric & Behavioral Genetics
    Collapse awards and honors
    1986 - 1990Cornell Tradition Fellow, Cornell University
    1990cum laude in psychology, Cornell University
    2001 - 2003BIRCWH Fellow, NIH K12 Award
    2003 - 2006Student Loan Repayment Program, NIH
    2007 - 2012NIH Director's New Innovator Award, NIH
    2012Chen & Jacobson (2012, J of Adolescent Health); Highly cited paper in Clinical Medicine (top 1%), Clarivate Web of Science
    2018 - 2020Resident/Fellow Instructor of the Year, Psychiatry, University of Chicago
    2019 - 2021President, International Society for Anthrozoology

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
    1R21HD109956-01     (Jacobson, Kristen C)Sep 16, 2022 - Aug 31, 2024
    Assessing a Structured, Goal-Oriented, Animal-Assisted Therapy Program among Youth with Socioemotional Problems: A Pilot Study of Feasibility, Acceptability, and Initial Efficacy
    Role Description: The goal of this pilot project is to test for initial efficacy of the Recovery & Care Canine-Assisted Therapy program that has been developed and implemented in Lawrence Hall, a Chicago-based residential treatment center for maltreated youth, and to further test the feasibility, acceptability, and short-term efficacy of expanding the program to a group of youth currently in outpatient treatment for social, emotional, and behavioral problems. Results from this project will provide preliminary evidence of whether a structured, goal- oriented intervention program focused on dog training activities has direct impact on increasing youth emotional self-regulation, impulse control, and self-efficacy, which are important targets for intervention among youth with mental health problems. If successful, this project could lead to a larger, randomized control clinical trials study that tests the longitudinal impact of the program that could further lead to national dissemination of the Recovery & Care curriculum as an alternative therapeutic approach.
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R21HD109956     (JACOBSON, KRISTEN C.)Sep 16, 2022 - Aug 31, 2024
    Assessing a Structured, Goal-Oriented, Animal-Assisted Therapy Program among Youth with Socioemotional Problems: A Pilot Study of Feasibility, Acceptability, and Initial Efficacy
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R21HD094956     (JACOBSON, KRISTEN C.)Jul 15, 2018 - Apr 30, 2021
    A Pilot Study of the Effects of Interactions with Therapy Dogs on Child Stress Responsivity
    Role Description: This experimental study compared effects of petting therapy dogs to effects of petting stuffed animal dogs on child biology, mood, and behavior.
    Role: Principal Investigator

    #25871     (JACOBSON, KRISTEN C)Sep 15, 2017 - Sep 14, 2020
    NARSAD Independent Investigator Award
    Community violence exposure and neural systems underlying threat in children
    Role Description: This project collected pilot data on effects of exposure to community violence on neural pathways underlying emotional reactivity and cognitive control in N=36 children aged 8-12.
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R03HD070679     (JACOBSON, KRISTEN C.)Jan 1, 2012 - Dec 31, 2014
    Long-term benefits of dog ownership: Effects on stress and social behavior
    Role Description: This experimental study examined impact of interacting with therapy dogs on salivary cortisol and blood levels of oxytocin in young adults.
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R03HD066598     (JACOBSON, KRISTEN C)Jul 1, 2010 - Jun 30, 2013
    They Call it Puppy Love: Epidemiology and Biology of the Child-Dog Bond
    Role Description: This project examined relationships between pet ownership and attachment to pet dogs on child emotional and behavioral outcomes in youth aged 8-18.
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01MH080109     (COCCARO, EMIL FRANK)Apr 16, 2008 - Mar 31, 2014
    Understanding The Pathways To Aggression
    Role Description: This project collected data from adult twins from the Pennsylvania Twin Registry to examine genetic and environmental influences on socioemotional behavior and neural pathways linked to aggression.
    Role: Co-Investigator

    DP2OD003021     (JACOBSON, KRISTEN C)Sep 30, 2007 - Aug 31, 2012
    From Neighborhoods to Neurons and Beyond
    Role Description: This NIH Director's New Innovator Award supported collection multi-level data on individual, family, school, and community influences on youth emotional and behavioral adjustment. Phase I collected in-school survey data from over 3,500 6th-8th graders. Phase II included detailed interview, survey, and biological data from N=378 youth aged 9-17 from 241 families.
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Seed Grant     (JACOBSON, KRISTEN C)Jun 1, 2007 - May 31, 2008
    Brain Research Foundation
    A pilot study of genetic and environmental influences on amygdala and dorsal anterior cingulate cortex activation: A twin study of fMRI
    Role Description: This project collected pilot data from a sample of twins in Chicago to examine genetic and environmental influences on neural pathways underlying emotional reactivity and cognitive control.
    Role: Principal Investigator

    K01MH068484     (JACOBSON, KRISTEN C)Sep 15, 2003 - Aug 31, 2007
    Genetics of Vulnerability to Antisocial Behavior
    Role Description: This mentored scientist career development award used data from existing twin samples to examine genetic and environmental influences on the development of antisocial behavior.
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Young Investigator Award     (JACOBSON, KRISTEN C)Jul 1, 2002 - Nov 30, 2006
    Understanding influences on comorbidity between antisocial behavior and major depressive disorder
    Role Description: This project used behavioral genetic methodologies to understand the etiology of sex differences in depression and antisocial behavior.
    Role: Principal Investigator

    R01AG018386     (KREMEN, WILLIAM S.)Jul 1, 2000 - Aug 31, 2014
    The VETSA longitudinal twin study of cognition and aging
    Role Description: In this 15-year collaboration, I provided methodological expertise and supervision of two postdoctoral trainees in research using behavioral genetic methodologies to understand genetic and environmental influences on the development of cognitive and biological aging using data from adult male veterans studied over four decades.
    Role: Co-Investigator and/or Subcontract PI

    R01MH058354     (BAKER, LAURA A)Jan 5, 2000 - Jun 30, 2014
    Development of Externalizing Behavior Problems: Gene-Environment Interplay
    Role Description: As subcontract PI, I provided methodological expertise and supervision of postdoctoral trainees in the analysis and publication of data relating to the development of externalizing data from a longitudinal twin sample of adolescents.
    Role: Subcontract PI (2006-2011)

    R01DA011287     (KENDLER, KENNETH SEEDMAN)Jun 15, 1998 - May 31, 2009
    A Twin-Family Study of Drug Use, Abuse, and Dependence
    Role Description: As a postdoctoral trainee and then as early career faculty at VCU, I played a key role in analyzing twin data relating to social and environmental influences on the development of antisocial behavior and substance use.
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Dong L, Giangrande EJ, Womack SR, Yoo K, Beam CR, Jacobson KC, Turkheimer E. A Longitudinal Analysis of Gene x Environment Interaction on Verbal Intelligence Across Adolescence and Early Adulthood. Behav Genet. 2023 07; 53(4):311-330. PMID: 37171531.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    2. Miller KN, Jacobson KC. The Differential Impact of Parenting on Adolescent Externalizing Behaviors in the Context of Maternal Stress. J Youth Adolesc. 2023 Jul; 52(7):1459-1470. PMID: 36807232; PMCID: PMC9940679.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Robinson LK, Sterling L, Jackson J, Araujo F, LaFond C, Jacobson KC, Lee R, Gentry E. A Secondary Traumatic Stress Reduction Program in Emergency Room Nurses. SAGE Open Nurs. 2022 Jan-Dec; 8:23779608221094530. PMID: 35574270; PMCID: PMC9096200.
      Citations: 2     
    4. Blum AW, Jacobson K, Grant JE. Legal settlements and the reporting of adverse drug events: Insights from the aripiprazole products liability litigation. Psychiatry Res. 2022 03; 309:114411. PMID: 35085881.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    5. Park L, Costello S, Li J, Lee R, Jacobson KC. Race, health, and socioeconomic disparities associated with malingering in psychiatric patients at an urban emergency department. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2021 Jul-Aug; 71:121-127. PMID: 34147918.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    6. Park L, Costello S, Li J, Lee R, & Jacobson K . Race, health, and socioeconomic disparities associated with malingering in psychiatric patients at an urban emergency department. General Hospital Psychiatry. 2021; 71:121-127.
    7. Franz CE, Hatton SN, Hauger RL, Kredlow MA, Dale AM, Eyler L, McEvoy LK, Fennema-Notestine C, Hagler D, Jacobson KC, McKenzie RE, Panizzon MS, Gustavson DE, Xian H, Toomey R, Beck A, Stevens S, Tu X, Lyons MJ, Kremen WS. Posttraumatic stress symptom persistence across 24 years: association with brain structures. Brain Imaging Behav. 2020 Aug; 14(4):1208-1220. PMID: 30830577; PMCID: PMC6722032.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    8. Chen P, Voisin DR, Marotta PL, Jacobson KC. Racial and ethnic comparison of ecological risk factors and youth outcomes: A test of the desensitization hypothesis. J Child Fam Stud. 2020 Oct; 29(10):2722-2733. PMID: 33814876; PMCID: PMC8011654.
      Citations: 6     
    9. Dinizulu SM, Suarez LM, Simpson D, Abdul-Adil J, Jacobson KC. Psychometric properties of the Community Violence-Prevention Activation Measure (CV-PAM): Evaluating provider activation toward community violence prevention. J Community Psychol. 2020 03; 48(2):545-561. PMID: 31693221.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    10. Jacobson KC, Chang L. Associations Between Pet Ownership and Attitudes Toward Pets With Youth Socioemotional Outcomes. Front Psychol. 2018; 9:2304. PMID: 30534102; PMCID: PMC6275470.
      Citations: 10     
    11. Elman JA, Jak AJ, Panizzon MS, Tu XM, Chen T, Reynolds CA, Gustavson DE, Franz CE, Hatton SN, Jacobson KC, Toomey R, McKenzie R, Xian H, Lyons MJ, Kremen WS. Underdiagnosis of mild cognitive impairment: A consequence of ignoring practice effects. Alzheimers Dement (Amst). 2018; 10:372-381. PMID: 30003138; PMCID: PMC6039708.
      Citations: 34     
    12. Panizzon MS, Hauger RL, Xian H, Jacobson K, Lyons MJ, Franz CE, Kremen WS. Interactive effects of testosterone and cortisol on hippocampal volume and episodic memory in middle-aged men. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2018 05; 91:115-122. PMID: 29547742; PMCID: PMC5931212.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Llesuy JR, Medina M, Jacobson KC, Cooper JJ. Catatonia Under-Diagnosis in the General Hospital. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2018; 30(2):145-151. PMID: 29325478.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Coccaro EF, Cremers H, Fanning J, Nosal E, Lee R, Keedy S, Jacobson KC. Reduced frontal grey matter, life history of aggression, and underlying genetic influence. Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging. 2018 01 30; 271:126-134. PMID: 29174436.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    15. Muldoon AL, Kuhns LM, Supple J, Jacobson KC, Garofalo R. A Web-Based Study of Dog Ownership and Depression Among People Living With HIV. JMIR Ment Health. 2017 Nov 08; 4(4):e53. PMID: 29117933; PMCID: PMC5700404.
      Citations: 9     
    16. Lyons MJ, Panizzon MS, Liu W, McKenzie R, Bluestone NJ, Grant MD, Franz CE, Vuoksimaa EP, Toomey R, Jacobson KC, Reynolds CA, Kremen WS, Xian H. A longitudinal twin study of general cognitive ability over four decades. Dev Psychol. 2017 06; 53(6):1170-1177. PMID: 28358535; PMCID: PMC5474938.
      Citations: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Llesuy JR, Coffey MJ, Jacobson KC, Cooper JJ. Suspected Delirium Predicts the Thoroughness of Catatonia Evaluation. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2017; 29(2):148-154. PMID: 27899050.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Coccaro EF, Zagaja C, Chen P, Jacobson K. Relationships between perceived emotional intelligence, aggression, and impulsivity in a population-based adult sample. Psychiatry Res. 2016 Dec 30; 246:255-260. PMID: 27728868.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    19. . Community violence exposure and adolescent delinquency: Examining a spectrum of promotive factors. Youth & Society. 2016; (48):33-57.
    20. Voisin DR, Chen P, Fullilove R, Jacobson KC. Community Violence Exposure and Sexual Behaviors in a Nationally Representative Sample of Young Adults: The Effects of Race/Ethnicity and Gender. J Soc Serv Res. 2015; 41(3):295-306. PMID: 34321702; PMCID: PMC8315110.
      Citations: 8     
    21. Jak AJ, Panizzon MS, Spoon KM, Fennema-Notestine C, Franz CE, Thompson WK, Jacobson KC, Xian H, Eyler LT, Vuoksimaa E, Toomey R, Lyons MJ, Neale MC, Tsuang MT, Dale AM, Kremen WS. Hippocampal atrophy varies by neuropsychologically defined MCI among men in their 50s. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2015 May; 23(5):456-65. PMID: 25306196; PMCID: PMC4345132.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    22. Panizzon MS, Vuoksimaa E, Spoon KM, Jacobson KC, Lyons MJ, Franz CE, Xian H, Vasilopoulos T, Kremen WS. Genetic and Environmental Influences of General Cognitive Ability: Is g a valid latent construct? Intelligence. 2014; 43:65-76. PMID: 24791031; PMCID: PMC4002017.
      Citations: 27     
    23. Kremen WS, Jak AJ, Panizzon MS, Spoon KM, Franz CE, Thompson WK, Jacobson KC, Vasilopoulos T, Vuoksimaa E, Xian H, Toomey R, Lyons MJ. Early identification and heritability of mild cognitive impairment. Int J Epidemiol. 2014 Apr; 43(2):600-10. PMID: 24370560; PMCID: PMC3997374.
      Citations: 34     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    24. Chen P, Jacobson KC. Impulsivity moderates promotive environmental influences on adolescent delinquency: a comparison across family, school, and neighborhood contexts. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2013 Oct; 41(7):1133-43. PMID: 23673971; PMCID: PMC3758409.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    25. Chen P, Jacobson KC. Longitudinal relationships between college education and patterns of heavy drinking: a comparison between Caucasians and African-Americans. J Adolesc Health. 2013 Sep; 53(3):356-62. PMID: 23707401; PMCID: PMC3755047.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    26. Franz CE, Spoon K, Thompson W, Hauger RL, Hellhammer DH, Jacobson KC, Lupien S, Lyons MJ, McCaffery J, McKenzie R, Mendoza SP, Panizzon MS, Ramundo A, Shahroudi A, Kremen WS. Adult cognitive ability and socioeconomic status as mediators of the effects of childhood disadvantage on salivary cortisol in aging adults. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013 Oct; 38(10):2127-39. PMID: 23684478; PMCID: PMC4755320.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Genderson MR, Rana BK, Panizzon MS, Grant MD, Toomey R, Jacobson KC, Xian H, Cronin-Golomb A, Franz CE, Kremen WS, Lyons MJ. Genetic and environmental influences on sleep quality in middle-aged men: a twin study. J Sleep Res. 2013 Oct; 22(5):519-26. PMID: 23509903; PMCID: PMC4762266.
      Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Chen P, Voisin DR, Jacobson KC. Community Violence Exposure and Adolescent Delinquency: Examining a Spectrum of Promotive Factors. Youth Soc. 2016 Jan; 48(1):33-57. PMID: 33364640; PMCID: PMC7755159.
      Citations: 21     
    29. Vasilopoulos T, Grant MD, Franz CE, Panizzon MS, Xian H, Toomey R, Lyons MJ, Kremen WS, Jacobson KC. Shared and distinct genetic influences among different measures of pulmonary function. Behav Genet. 2013 Mar; 43(2):141-50. PMID: 23299959; PMCID: PMC4755302.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    30. Hoffman CL, Chen P, Serpell JA, Jacobson KC. Do Dog Behavioral Characteristics Predict the Quality of the Relationship between Dogs and Their Owners? Hum Anim Interact Bull. 2013; 1(1):20-37. PMID: 25685855; PMCID: PMC4326091.
      Citations: 19     
    31. Jacobson KC, Hoffman CL, Vasilopoulos T, Kremen WS, Panizzon MS, Grant MD, Lyons MJ, Xian H, Franz CE. Genetic and Environmental Influences on Individual Differences in Frequency of Play with Pets among Middle-Aged Men: A Behavioral Genetic Analysis. Anthrozoos. 2012 Dec; 25(4):441-456. PMID: 25580056; PMCID: PMC4286882.
      Citations: 3     
    32. Chen P, Coccaro EF, Jacobson KC. Hostile attributional bias, negative emotional responding, and aggression in adults: moderating effects of gender and impulsivity. Aggress Behav. 2012 Jan-Feb; 38(1):47-63. PMID: 24833604; PMCID: PMC4243523.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Chen P, Coccaro EF, Lee R, Jacobson KC. Moderating effects of childhood maltreatment on associations between social information processing and adult aggression. Psychol Med. 2012 Jun; 42(6):1293-304. PMID: 22008562; PMCID: PMC4255557.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Yeh MT, Chen P, Raine A, Baker LA, Jacobson KC. Child psychopathic traits moderate relationships between parental affect and child aggression. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2011 Oct; 50(10):1054-64. PMID: 21961779; PMCID: PMC3185247.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Chen P, Jacobson KC. Developmental trajectories of substance use from early adolescence to young adulthood: gender and racial/ethnic differences. J Adolesc Health. 2012 Feb; 50(2):154-63. PMID: 22265111; PMCID: PMC3264901.
      Citations: 310     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    36. Vasilopoulos T, Kremen WS, Kim K, Panizzon MS, Stein PK, Xian H, Grant MD, Lyons MJ, Toomey R, Eaves LJ, Franz CE, Jacobson KC. Untreated hypertension decreases heritability of cognition in late middle age. Behav Genet. 2012 Jan; 42(1):107-20. PMID: 21688193; PMCID: PMC3227796.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Doane LD, Franz CE, Prom-Wormley E, Eaves LJ, Mendoza SP, Hellhammer DH, Lupien S, Xian H, Lyons MJ, Kremen W, Jacobson KC. Negative emotionality, depressive symptoms and cortisol diurnal rhythms: analysis of a community sample of middle-aged males. Horm Behav. 2011 Jul; 60(2):202-9. PMID: 21619882; PMCID: PMC3126866.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    38. Bookman EB, McAllister K, Gillanders E, Wanke K, Balshaw D, Rutter J, Reedy J, Shaughnessy D, Agurs-Collins T, Paltoo D, Atienza A, Bierut L, Kraft P, Fallin MD, Perera F, Turkheimer E, Boardman J, Marazita ML, Rappaport SM, Boerwinkle E, Suomi SJ, Caporaso NE, Hertz-Picciotto I, Jacobson KC, Lowe WL, Goldman LR, Duggal P, Gunnar MR, Manolio TA, Green ED, Olster DH, Birnbaum LS, NIH GxE Interplay Workshop participants. Gene-environment interplay in common complex diseases: forging an integrative model—recommendations from an NIH workshop. Genet Epidemiol. 2011 May; 35(4):217-25. PMID: 21308768; PMCID: PMC3228883.
      Citations: 49     Fields:    Translation:HumansPHPublic Health
    39. Yeh MT, Coccaro EF, Jacobson KC. Multivariate behavior genetic analyses of aggressive behavior subtypes. Behav Genet. 2010 Sep; 40(5):603-17. PMID: 20432061; PMCID: PMC3267542.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    40. Franz CE, York TP, Eaves LJ, Mendoza SP, Hauger RL, Hellhammer DH, Jacobson KC, Levine S, Lupien SJ, Lyons MJ, Prom-Wormley E, Xian H, Kremen WS. Genetic and environmental influences on cortisol regulation across days and contexts in middle-aged men. Behav Genet. 2010 Jul; 40(4):467-79. PMID: 20238238; PMCID: PMC2886910.
      Citations: 27     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Kremen WS, Jacobson KC. Introduction to the special issue, pathways between genes, brain, and behavior. Behav Genet. 2010 Mar; 40(2):111-3. PMID: 20155393; PMCID: PMC2829651.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    42. Doane LD, Kremen WS, Eaves LJ, Eisen SA, Hauger R, Hellhammer D, Levine S, Lupien S, Lyons MJ, Mendoza S, Prom-Wormley E, Xian H, York TP, Franz CE, Jacobson KC. Associations between jet lag and cortisol diurnal rhythms after domestic travel. Health Psychol. 2010 Mar; 29(2):117-23. PMID: 20230083; PMCID: PMC3089060.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    43. Tuvblad C, Isen J, Baker LA, Raine A, Lozano DI, Jacobson KC. The genetic and environmental etiology of sympathetic and parasympathetic activity in children. Behav Genet. 2010 Jul; 40(4):452-66. PMID: 20162348; PMCID: PMC3113687.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    44. Kremen WS, O'Brien RC, Panizzon MS, Prom-Wormley E, Eaves LJ, Eisen SA, Eyler LT, Hauger RL, Fennema-Notestine C, Fischl B, Grant MD, Hellhammer DH, Jak AJ, Jacobson KC, Jernigan TL, Lupien SJ, Lyons MJ, Mendoza SP, Neale MC, Seidman LJ, Thermenos HW, Tsuang MT, Dale AM, Franz CE. Salivary cortisol and prefrontal cortical thickness in middle-aged men: A twin study. Neuroimage. 2010 Nov 15; 53(3):1093-102. PMID: 20156572; PMCID: PMC4034538.
      Citations: 41     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    45. Fogelson DL, Asarnow RA, Sugar CA, Subotnik KL, Jacobson KC, Neale MC, Kendler KS, Kuppinger H, Nuechterlein KH. Avoidant personality disorder symptoms in first-degree relatives of schizophrenia patients predict performance on neurocognitive measures: the UCLA family study. Schizophr Res. 2010 Jul; 120(1-3):113-20. PMID: 20053537; PMCID: PMC2888850.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    46. Lyons MJ, York TP, Franz CE, Grant MD, Eaves LJ, Jacobson KC, Schaie KW, Panizzon MS, Boake C, Xian H, Toomey R, Eisen SA, Kremen WS. Genes determine stability and the environment determines change in cognitive ability during 35 years of adulthood. Psychol Sci. 2009 Sep; 20(9):1146-52. PMID: 19686293; PMCID: PMC2753423.
      Citations: 64     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    47. Panizzon MS, Fennema-Notestine C, Eyler LT, Jernigan TL, Prom-Wormley E, Neale M, Jacobson K, Lyons MJ, Grant MD, Franz CE, Xian H, Tsuang M, Fischl B, Seidman L, Dale A, Kremen WS. Distinct genetic influences on cortical surface area and cortical thickness. Cereb Cortex. 2009 Nov; 19(11):2728-35. PMID: 19299253; PMCID: PMC2758684.
      Citations: 569     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    48. Gillespie NA, Neale MC, Jacobson K, Kendler KS. Modeling the genetic and environmental association between peer group deviance and cannabis use in male twins. Addiction. 2009 Mar; 104(3):420-9. PMID: 19207350; PMCID: PMC2844883.
      Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    49. Kremen WS, Jacobson KC, Panizzon MS, Xian H, Eaves LJ, Eisen SA, Tsuang MT, Lyons MJ. Factor structure of planning and problem-solving: a behavioral genetic analysis of the Tower of London task in middle-aged twins. Behav Genet. 2009 Mar; 39(2):133-44. PMID: 19085096; PMCID: PMC2945702.
      Citations: 14     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    50. Baker LA, Raine A, Liu J, Jacobson KC. Differential genetic and environmental influences on reactive and proactive aggression in children. J Abnorm Child Psychol. 2008 Nov; 36(8):1265-78. PMID: 18615267; PMCID: PMC2609906.
      Citations: 48     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    51. Jacobson KC, Beseler CL, Lasky-Su J, Faraone SV, Glatt SJ, Kremen WS, Lyons MJ, Tsuang MT, Participants in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism. Ordered subsets linkage analysis of antisocial behavior in substance use disorder among participants in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism. Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2008 Oct 05; 147B(7):1258-69. PMID: 18496835; PMCID: PMC4248599.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    52. Torgersen S, Czajkowski N, Jacobson K, Reichborn-Kjennerud T, Neale MC, Kendler KS, Røysamb E. Dimensional representations of DSM-IV cluster B personality disorders in a population-based sample of Norwegian twins: a multivariate study. Psychol Med. 2008 Nov; 38(11):1617-25. PMID: 18275631.
      Citations: 71     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    53. Kendler KS, Jacobson K, Myers JM, Eaves LJ. A genetically informative developmental study of the relationship between conduct disorder and peer deviance in males. Psychol Med. 2008 Jul; 38(7):1001-11. PMID: 17935643; PMCID: PMC4248600.
      Citations: 43     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    54. Kremen WS, Jacobsen KC, Xian H, Eisen SA, Eaves LJ, Tsuang MT, Lyons MJ. Genetics of verbal working memory processes: a twin study of middle-aged men. Neuropsychology. 2007 Sep; 21(5):569-80. PMID: 17784805.
      Citations: 28     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    55. Kendler KS, Jacobson KC, Gardner CO, Gillespie N, Aggen SA, Prescott CA. Creating a social world: a developmental twin study of peer-group deviance. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2007 Aug; 64(8):958-65. PMID: 17679640; PMCID: PMC4246499.
      Citations: 61     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    56. Baker LA, Jacobson KC, Raine A, Lozano DI, Bezdjian S. Genetic and environmental bases of childhood antisocial behavior: a multi-informant twin study. J Abnorm Psychol. 2007 May; 116(2):219-35. PMID: 17516756; PMCID: PMC1913189.
      Citations: 50     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    57. Gillespie NA, Kendler KS, Prescott CA, Aggen SH, Gardner CO, Jacobson K, Neale MC. Longitudinal modeling of genetic and environmental influences on self-reported availability of psychoactive substances: alcohol, cigarettes, marijuana, cocaine and stimulants. Psychol Med. 2007 Jul; 37(7):947-59. PMID: 17445283; PMCID: PMC3805136.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    58. Coccaro EF, Jacobson KC. PennTwins: a population-based cohort for twin studies. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2006 Dec; 9(6):998-1005. PMID: 17254443; PMCID: PMC4248574.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    59. Kremen WS, Thompson-Brenner H, Leung YM, Grant MD, Franz CE, Eisen SA, Jacobson KC, Boake C, Lyons MJ. Genes, environment, and time: the Vietnam Era Twin Study of Aging (VETSA). Twin Res Hum Genet. 2006 Dec; 9(6):1009-22. PMID: 17254445.
      Citations: 107     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    60. Neale MC, Jacobson K, Røysamb E. Multivariate genetic analysis of sex limitation and G x E interaction. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2006 Aug; 9(4):481-9. PMID: 16899154; PMCID: PMC4246510.
      Citations: 69     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    61. Beseler C, Jacobson KC, Kremen WS, Lyons MJ, Glatt SJ, Faraone SV, Gillespie NA, Tsuang MT. Is there heterogeneity among syndromes of substance use disorder for illicit drugs? Addict Behav. 2006 Jun; 31(6):929-47. PMID: 16697532; PMCID: PMC4255560.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    62. Kremen WS, Jacobson KC, Xian H, Eisen SA, Waterman B, Toomey R, Neale MC, Tsuang MT, Lyons MJ. Heritability of word recognition in middle-aged men varies as a function of parental education. Behav Genet. 2005 Jul; 35(4):417-33. PMID: 15971023.
      Citations: 40     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    63. Khan AA, Jacobson KC, Gardner CO, Prescott CA, Kendler KS. Personality and comorbidity of common psychiatric disorders. Br J Psychiatry. 2005 Mar; 186:190-6. PMID: 15738498.
      Citations: 119     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    64. Agrawal A, Jacobson KC, Gardner CO, Prescott CA, Kendler KS. A population based twin study of sex differences in depressive symptoms. Twin Res. 2004 Apr; 7(2):176-81. PMID: 15169602.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    65. Bolinskey PK, Neale MC, Jacobson KC, Prescott CA, Kendler KS. Sources of individual differences in stressful life event exposure in male and female twins. Twin Res. 2004 Feb; 7(1):33-8. PMID: 15053852.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    66. Kendler KS, Jacobson KC, Prescott CA, Neale MC. Specificity of genetic and environmental risk factors for use and abuse/dependence of cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, sedatives, stimulants, and opiates in male twins. Am J Psychiatry. 2003 Apr; 160(4):687-95. PMID: 12668357.
      Citations: 263     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    67. Agrawal A, Jacobson KC, Prescott CA, Kendler KS, Agrawal A, Jacobson KC, Prescott CA, Kendler KS. A twin study of sex differences in social support. Psychol Med. 2002 Oct; 32(7):1155-64. PMID: 12420885.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    68. Nuechterlein KH, Asarnow RF, Subotnik KL, Fogelson DL, Payne DL, Kendler KS, Neale MC, Jacobson KC, Mintz J. The structure of schizotypy: relationships between neurocognitive and personality disorder features in relatives of schizophrenic patients in the UCLA Family Study. Schizophr Res. 2002 Mar 01; 54(1-2):121-30. PMID: 11853986.
      Citations: 19     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    69. Jacobson KC, Prescott CA, Kendler KS. Sex differences in the genetic and environmental influences on the development of antisocial behavior. Dev Psychopathol. 2002; 14(2):395-416. PMID: 12030698.
      Citations: 58     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    70. Jacobson KC, Prescott CA, Kendler KS. Genetic and environmental influences on juvenile antisocial behaviour assessed on two occasions. Psychol Med. 2000 Nov; 30(6):1315-25. PMID: 11097072.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    71. Jacobson KC, Neale CA, Prescott MC, Kendler KS. Cohort differences in genetic and environmental influences on retrospective reports of conduct disorder among adult male twins. Psychol Med. 2000 Jul; 30(4):775-87. PMID: 11037085.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    72. . Parental monitoring and adolescent adjustment: An ecological perspective. Journal of Research on Adolescence. 2000; (10):65-97.
    73. Rowe DC, Jacobson KC, Van den Oord EJ. Genetic and environmental influences on vocabulary IQ: parental education level as moderator. Child Dev. 1999 Sep-Oct; 70(5):1151-62. PMID: 10546338.
      Citations: 81     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    74. Jacobson KC, Rowe DC. Genetic and environmental influences on the relationships between family connectedness, school connectedness, and adolescent depressed mood: sex differences. Dev Psychol. 1999 Jul; 35(4):926-39. PMID: 10442862.
      Citations: 47     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    75. . School context and genetic influences on aggression in adolescence. Psychological Science. 1999; (10):277-280.
    76. Jacobson KC, Rowe DC. Genetic and shared environmental influences on adolescent BMI: interactions with race and sex. Behav Genet. 1998 Jul; 28(4):265-78. PMID: 9803019.
      Citations: 22     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    77. Barber BL, Jacobson KC, Miller KE, Petersen AC. Ups and downs: daily cycles of adolescent moods. New Dir Child Adolesc Dev. 1998; (82):23-36. PMID: 12794949.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    78. Spelke ES, Breinlinger K, Jacobson K, Phillips A. Gestalt relations and object perception: a developmental study. Perception. 1993; 22(12):1483-501. PMID: 8090623.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    79. Spelke ES, Breinlinger K, Macomber J, Jacobson K. Origins of knowledge. Psychol Rev. 1992 Oct; 99(4):605-32. PMID: 1454901.
      Citations: 121     Fields:    Translation:Humans
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