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One or more keywords matched the following properties of ACC: Callosal Agenesis as a Window into Common Neurodevelopmental Disorders
abstract Abstract: The corpus callosum ? the largest fiber tract in the human brain, connects and integrates the two cerebral hemispheres. Agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) with an incidence of 1 in 2,000 occurs in rare syndromes and in common neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD) including epilepsy, intellectual disability (ID), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), cerebral palsy and schizophrenia. Collectively these affect more than 5% of the population and constitute a major public health concern. Recent evidence including from our team, points to the importance of genetic etiologies. Our whole exome efforts in this grant?s initial submission identified 70 ACC genes that reached genome-wide significance, of which many of which are strong novel candidate genes that need further validation. Based on population estimates, we expect that several hundred additional genes will cause ACC. To discover the full range of ACC genetics and to make progress using model systems, we bring together an outstanding investigative team that has made significant contributions to the biology of ACC. Together we will advance gene discovery, and tackle key questions on CC development. To do so we will: Aim 1: Identify novel de novo genetic causes of ACC and NDD. To do so, we will recruit, obtain clinical data and conduct WES for 1000+ ACC trios from UCSF and collaborators. We will also receive genetic information from 2000+ trios from the two largest commercial exome sequencing laboratories in the US, GeneDx and Invitae. We will also leverage the community?s gene discovery efforts using MatchMaker, and work with the IRC5 (international research consortium for the corpus callosum and cerebral connectivity:, which the PI?s co-founded. These combined efforts will ensure robust novel gene discovery. Aim #2: Discover genetic causes of ACC beyond germline de novo coding variants. In addition to gene discovery above, we hypothesize that many ACC cases are caused by mutations in complex genomic regions. We will initially focus on Aicardi syndrome, a highly complex yet distinctive brain malformation disorder. We will conduct short-read deep WGS from affected brain tissue (6 in hand) and other tissues, collaborating with the Broad Mendelian Genome Center, to perform long-read sequencing to resolve complex genomic architecture and other difficult to sequence regions. We will also utilize the same work flow to tackle gene discovery in similarly phenotypically unified conditions in particular focusing on multiplex cases. Aim #3: Engage in functional confirmation and analysis of ACC candidate genes. During our current cycle, we have made significant progress studying the biology C12ORF57. In this proposal, we will advance this directly, by 1. Studying the protein interaction network for C12ORF57 and CAMKIV. We will also study the signaling pathways that link CAMKIV to the transcription factor CREB and to regulation of AMPA receptors, the key glutamatergic receptors for excitatory neural transmission. This work may have critical implications for treatment strategies in epilepsy and possibly disorders of cognition.
Search Criteria
  • Epilepsy
  • genetics