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Robert C. Lacy

InstitutionBrookfield Zoo
DepartmentCommittee on Evolutionary Biology
AddressChicago IL 60637
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    Collapse Overview 
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    Research: Genetic management of endangered species, in- and out-breeding depression, evolution in structured populations

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    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
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    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Chaille AY, Lacy RC, Putnam AS, Toste JL, Wilder AP, Ivy JA. Implications of methodologies for integrating empirical kinships into ex situ population management using PMx: A case study of Baer's Pochard (Aythya baeri) in North America. J Hered. 2024 Feb 03; 115(1):19-31. PMID: 37935944.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    2. Zimmerman DM, Hardgrove E, Sullivan S, Mitchell S, Kambale E, Nziza J, Ssebide B, Shalukoma C, Cranfield M, Pandit PS, Troth SP, Callicrate T, Miller P, Gilardi K, Lacy RC. Projecting the impact of an ebola virus outbreak on endangered mountain gorillas. Sci Rep. 2023 04 07; 13(1):5675. PMID: 37029156; PMCID: PMC10082040.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimalsCellsPHPublic Health
    3. Hoban S, Bruford MW, da Silva JM, Funk WC, Frankham R, Gill MJ, Grueber CE, Heuertz M, Hunter ME, Kershaw F, Lacy RC, Lees C, Lopes-Fernandes M, MacDonald AJ, McGowan PJK, Meek MH, Mergeay J, Millette KL, Mittan-Moreau CS, O'Brien D, Ogden R, Segelbacher G, Paz-Vinas I, Vernesi C, Laikre L, Mastretta-Yanes A, Navarro LM. Genetic diversity goals and targets have improved, but remain insufficient for clear implementation of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. Conserv Genet. 2023; 24(2):181-191. PMID: 36683963; PMCID: PMC9841145.
      Citations: 7     
    4. Ballou JD, Lacy RC, Traylor-Holzer K, Bauman K, Ivy JA, Asa C. Strategies for establishing and using genome resource banks to protect genetic diversity in conservation breeding programs. Zoo Biol. 2023 Mar; 42(2):175-184. PMID: 36205245.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    5. Manlik O, Lacy RC, Sherwin WB, Finn H, Loneragan NR, Allen SJ. A stochastic model for estimating sustainable limits to wildlife mortality in a changing world. Conserv Biol. 2022 08; 36(4):e13897. PMID: 35122329; PMCID: PMC9542519.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    6. Williams R, Lacy RC, Ashe E, Hall A, McQuinn IH, Plourde S, Lesage V. Climate change complicates efforts to ensure survival and recovery of St. Lawrence Estuary beluga. Mar Pollut Bull. 2021 Dec; 173(Pt B):113096. PMID: 34744013.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    7. Wood J, Ballou JD, Callicrate T, Fant JB, Griffith MP, Kramer AT, Lacy RC, Meyer A, Sullivan S, Traylor-Holzer K, Walsh SK, Havens K. Applying the zoo model to conservation of threatened exceptional plant species. Conserv Biol. 2020 12; 34(6):1416-1425. PMID: 32233087; PMCID: PMC7754355.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    8. Thomas JE, Carvalho GR, Haile J, Rawlence NJ, Martin MD, Ho SY, Frederiksen M, Linnebjerg JF, Samaniego Castruita JA, Niemann J, Sinding MS, Sandoval-Velasco M, Lacy R, Barilaro C, Best J, Brandis D, Cavallo C, Garrett KL, Johansson F, Lifjeld JT, Serjeanston D, Sweet P, Fuller E, Hufthammer AK, Meldgaard M, Shapiro B, Hofreiter M, Stewart JR, Gilbert MTP, Knapp M, Sigfússon AÞ, Jósefsson VA, Soares AE, Elorza M, Groot M, Nilson G, Fjeldså J. Demographic reconstruction from ancient DNA supports rapid extinction of the great auk. Elife. 2019 11 26; 8. PMID: 31767056; PMCID: PMC6879203.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    9. Carroll C, Lacy RC, Fredrickson RJ, Rohlf DJ, Hendricks SA, Phillips MK. Biological and Sociopolitical Sources of Uncertainty in Population Viability Analysis for Endangered Species Recovery Planning. Sci Rep. 2019 07 12; 9(1):10130. PMID: 31300735; PMCID: PMC6626004.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    10. Lacy RC. Lessons from 30 years of population viability analysis of wildlife populations. Zoo Biol. 2019 Jan; 38(1):67-77. PMID: 30585658.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    11. Fenster CB, Ballou JD, Dudash MR, Eldridge MDB, Frankham R, Lacy RC, Ralls K, Sunnucks P. Conservation and Genetics. Yale J Biol Med. 2018 12; 91(4):491-501. PMID: 30588214; PMCID: PMC6302618.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    12. Lacy RC, Williams R, Ashe E, Balcomb Iii KC, Brent LJN, Clark CW, Croft DP, Giles DA, MacDuffee M, Paquet PC. Evaluating anthropogenic threats to endangered killer whales to inform effective recovery plans. Sci Rep. 2017 10 26; 7(1):14119. PMID: 29074942; PMCID: PMC5658391.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    13. Malo AF, Martinez-Pastor F, Ballou JD, Lacy RC, Garcia-Gonzalez F, Garde J. A father effect explains sex-ratio bias. Proc Biol Sci. 2017 Aug 30; 284(1861). PMID: 28855362; PMCID: PMC5577485.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    14. Willoughby JR, Ivy JA, Lacy RC, Doyle JM, DeWoody JA. Inbreeding and selection shape genomic diversity in captive populations: Implications for the conservation of endangered species. PLoS One. 2017; 12(4):e0175996. PMID: 28423000; PMCID: PMC5396937.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    15. Fant JB, Havens K, Kramer AT, Walsh SK, Callicrate T, Lacy RC, Maunder M, Meyer AH, Smith PP. What to do when we can't bank on seeds: What botanic gardens can learn from the zoo community about conserving plants in living collections. Am J Bot. 2016 09; 103(9):1541-3. PMID: 27578628.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    16. Willis K, Lacy RC. Use of animals with partially known ancestries in scientifically managed breeding programs. Zoo Biol. 2016 Jul; 35(4):319-25. PMID: 27232460.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    17. Manlik O, McDonald JA, Mann J, Raudino HC, Bejder L, Connor RC, Heithaus MR, Lacy RC, Sherwin WB, Krützen M. The relative importance of reproduction and survival for the conservation of two dolphin populations. Ecol Evol. 2016 06; 6(11):3496-3512. PMID: 28725349; PMCID: PMC5513288.
      Citations: 22     
    18. Schad K, Hanna N, Lacy RC, Jiménez-Mena B. Pedigree analysis for the genetic management of group-living species. Ecol Evol. 2016 05; 6(10):3067-78. PMID: 27092236; PMCID: PMC4821840.
      Citations: 7     
    19. Zhao X, Ueda Y, Kajigaya S, Alaks G, Desierto MJ, Townsley DM, Dumitriu B, Chen J, Lacy RC, Young NS. Cloning and molecular characterization of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) and telomere length analysis of Peromyscus leucopus. Gene. 2015 Aug 15; 568(1):8-18. PMID: 25962353; PMCID: PMC4470739.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    20. Wells K, Brook BW, Lacy RC, Mutze GJ, Peacock DE, Sinclair RG, Schwensow N, Cassey P, O'Hara RB, Fordham DA. Timing and severity of immunizing diseases in rabbits is controlled by seasonal matching of host and pathogen dynamics. J R Soc Interface. 2015 Feb 06; 12(103). PMID: 25566883; PMCID: PMC4305421.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    21. Willoughby JR, Fernandez NB, Lamb MC, Ivy JA, Lacy RC, DeWoody JA. The impacts of inbreeding, drift and selection on genetic diversity in captive breeding populations. Mol Ecol. 2015 Jan; 24(1):98-110. PMID: 25443807.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    22. Hedrick PW, Lacy RC. Measuring relatedness between inbred individuals. J Hered. 2015 Jan-Feb; 106(1):20-5. PMID: 25472983.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    23. Newton GL, Lacy RC, Cicková H, Kozánek M. The use of fly larvae for organic waste treatment. Waste Manag. 2015 Jan; 35:68-80. PMID: 25453313.
      Citations: 81     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsPHPublic Health
    24. Hoffman JI, Simpson F, David P, Rijks JM, Kuiken T, Thorne MA, Lacy RC, Dasmahapatra KK. High-throughput sequencing reveals inbreeding depression in a natural population. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Mar 11; 111(10):3775-80. PMID: 24586051; PMCID: PMC3956162.
      Citations: 89     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    25. Lacy RC, Miller PS, Nyhus PJ, Pollak JP, Raboy BE, Zeigler SL. Metamodels for transdisciplinary analysis of wildlife population dynamics. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e84211. PMID: 24349567; PMCID: PMC3862810.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    26. Carroll C, Fredrickson RJ, Lacy RC. Developing metapopulation connectivity criteria from genetic and habitat data to recover the endangered Mexican wolf. Conserv Biol. 2014 Feb; 28(1):76-86. PMID: 24112074.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    27. Lacy RC, Alaks G, Walsh A. Evolution of Peromyscus leucopus mice in response to a captive environment. PLoS One. 2013; 8(8):e72452. PMID: 23940813; PMCID: PMC3735520.
      Citations: 12     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    28. Prowse TA, Johnson CN, Lacy RC, Bradshaw CJ, Pollak JP, Watts MJ, Brook BW. No need for disease: testing extinction hypotheses for the thylacine using multi-species metamodels. J Anim Ecol. 2013 Mar; 82(2):355-64. PMID: 23347431.
      Citations: 10     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    29. Lacy RC, Alaks G. Effects of inbreeding on skeletal size and fluctuating asymmetry of Peromyscus polionotus mice. Zoo Biol. 2013 Mar; 32(2):125-33. PMID: 22814968.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    30. Lacy RC. Achieving true sustainability of zoo populations. Zoo Biol. 2013 Jan-Feb; 32(1):19-26. PMID: 22753040.
      Citations: 16     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    31. Lacy RC. Extending pedigree analysis for uncertain parentage and diverse breeding systems. J Hered. 2012 Mar-Apr; 103(2):197-205. PMID: 22275398.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    
    32. Ivy JA, Lacy RC. A comparison of strategies for selecting breeding pairs to maximize genetic diversity retention in managed populations. J Hered. 2012 Mar-Apr; 103(2):186-96. PMID: 22246407.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    33. Frankham R, Ballou JD, Eldridge MD, Lacy RC, Ralls K, Dudash MR, Fenster CB. Predicting the probability of outbreeding depression. Conserv Biol. 2011 Jun; 25(3):465-75. PMID: 21486369.
      Citations: 165     Fields:    
    34. Malo AF, Martinez-Pastor F, Alaks G, Dubach J, Lacy RC. Effects of genetic captive-breeding protocols on sperm quality and fertility in the white-footed mouse. Biol Reprod. 2010 Oct; 83(4):540-8. PMID: 20519695.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    35. Ivy JA, Miller A, Lacy RC, Dewoody JA. Methods and prospects for using molecular data in captive breeding programs: an empirical example using parma wallabies (Macropus parma). J Hered. 2009 Jul-Aug; 100(4):441-54. PMID: 19423700.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    36. Pergams OR, Lacy RC. Rapid morphological and genetic change in Chicago-area Peromyscus. Mol Ecol. 2008 Jan; 17(1):450-63. PMID: 17892465.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:AnimalsCells
    37. Mendelson JR, Lips KR, Gagliardo RW, Rabb GB, Collins JP, Diffendorfer JE, Daszak P, Zippel KC, Lawson DP, Wright KM, Stuart SN, Gascon C, Burrowes PA, Joglar RL, La Marca E, du Preez LH, Hyatt A, Hunt S, Robertson H, Lock B, Raxworthy CJ, Frost DR, Lacy RC, Alford RA, Campbell JA, Parra-Olea G, Halliday T, Murphy JB, Wake MH, Coloma LA, Kuzmin SL, Price MS, Howell KM, Lau M, Pethiyagoda R, Boone M, Lannoo MJ, Blaustein AR, Dobson A, Griffiths RA, Crump ML, Wake DB, Brodie ED, Ibáñez D R, da Silva HR, Lötters S, Weldon C, Rodriguez-Mahecha JV, Bolaños F, Domingo JJ. Biodiversity. Confronting amphibian declines and extinctions. Science. 2006 Jul 07; 313(5783):48. PMID: 16825553.
      Citations: 51     Fields:    Translation:Animals
      Citations: 13     Fields:    
    39. Lacy RC, Galen C. ERRATA. Evolution. 1997 Jun; 51(3):1025. PMID: 28568575.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    40. Lacy RC, Alaks G, Walsh A. HIERARCHICAL ANALYSIS OF INBREEDING DEPRESSION IN PEROMYSCUS POLIONOTUS. Evolution. 1996 Dec; 50(6):2187-2200. PMID: 28565659.
      Citations: 25     Fields:    
    41. Lacy RC, Horner BE. Effects of inbreeding on skeletal development of Rattus villosissimus. J Hered. 1996 Jul-Aug; 87(4):277-87. PMID: 8776876.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    42. Altmann J, Alberts SC, Haines SA, Dubach J, Muruthi P, Coote T, Geffen E, Cheesman DJ, Mututua RS, Saiyalel SN, Wayne RK, Lacy RC, Bruford MW. Behavior predicts genes structure in a wild primate group. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Jun 11; 93(12):5797-801. PMID: 8650172; PMCID: PMC39141.
      Citations: 59     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    43. Hughes KA, Alaks G, Graham L, Lacy RC, Jiménez JA. An experimental study of inbreeding depression in a natural habitat. Science. 1994 Oct 14; 266(5183):271-3. PMID: 7939661.
      Citations: 43     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    44. Brewer BA, Lacy RC, Foster ML, Alaks G. Inbreeding depression in insular and central populations of Peromyscus mice. J Hered. 1990 Jul-Aug; 81(4):257-66. PMID: 2273239.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Animals
      Citations: 5     Fields:    
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