"Botulinum Toxins" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus,
MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure,
which enables searching at various levels of specificity.
Toxic proteins produced from the species CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM. The toxins are synthesized as a single peptide chain which is processed into a mature protein consisting of a heavy chain and light chain joined via a disulfide bond. The botulinum toxin light chain is a zinc-dependent protease which is released from the heavy chain upon ENDOCYTOSIS into PRESYNAPTIC NERVE ENDINGS. Once inside the cell the botulinum toxin light chain cleaves specific SNARE proteins which are essential for secretion of ACETYLCHOLINE by SYNAPTIC VESICLES. This inhibition of acetylcholine release results in muscular PARALYSIS.
- Botulinum Toxins
- Toxins, Botulinum
- Botulinum Toxin
- Toxin, Botulinum
- Clostridium botulinum Toxins
- Toxins, Clostridium botulinum
Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Botulinum Toxins".
Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more specific than "Botulinum Toxins".
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Below are the most recent publications written about "Botulinum Toxins" by people in Profiles.
Development of Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills in facial cosmetic procedures: Botulinum toxin neuromodulator and soft-tissue filler injection. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2022 02; 86(2):463-467.
Toward a Tailored Treatment of Achalasia: An Evidence-Based Approach. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2016 Apr; 26(4):256-63.
Endoscopic dilatation, heller myotomy, and peroral endoscopic myotomy: treatment modalities for achalasia. Surg Clin North Am. 2015 Jun; 95(3):567-78.
Clostridium difficile ribotype 027: relationship to age, detectability of toxins A or B in stool with rapid testing, severe infection, and mortality. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Jul 15; 61(2):233-41.
A blinded randomized controlled trial to evaluate the use of botulinum toxin for pain control in breast reconstruction with tissue expanders. Ann Plast Surg. 2015 Mar; 74(3):281-3.
Use of botulinum toxin in pediatric otolaryngology and laryngology. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2014 Sep; 78(9):1423-5.
Controversies in management of achalasia. J Gastrointest Surg. 2014 Sep; 18(9):1705-9.
Trends and drivers of the aesthetic market during a turbulent economy. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2014 Jun; 133(6):783e-789e.
RimabotulinumtoxinB versus OnabotulinumtoxinA in the treatment of masseter hypertrophy: a 24-week double-blind randomized split-face study. Dermatology. 2013; 226(3):227-32.
RimabotulinumtoxinB vs. onabotulinumtoxinA for the treatment of forehead lines: an evaluator-blind, randomized, pilot study. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2013 Jan; 27(1):e1-7.