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Kenneth Bader

TitleAssistant Professor
InstitutionUniversity of Chicago
AddressChicago IL 60637
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    The focus of the Biomedical Acoustics Development and Engineering Research Laboratory (BADER Lab) is the translation of therapeutic ultrasound for non- or minimally invasive treatment of cardiovascular and cancerous disease. Specifically, we utilize acoustic cavitation for combinatorial ablation and enhanced drug delivery treatment strategies of pathologies resistant to standard interventional techniques. To assess bubble activity and the resultant changes in tissue structure, we are developing multi-modal imaging approaches via diagnostic ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging. Analytic and numerical bubble dynamics models are also utilized to gain insight into the mechanism of action of our therapeutic approaches. Current research topics include:

    • Chronic thrombus ablation with histotripsy and thrombolytic drugs
    • Passive cavitation and MR imaging to assess histotripsy-induced liquefaction
    • In vitro assessment of histotripsy-enhanced drug delivery
    • Histotripsy-induced sonochemical reactions for the treatment of cancer
    • Numeric and analytic models of bubble dynamics
    • Magnetic Resonance-guided transurethral prostate ablation

    For more information, visit our laboratory website:
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    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    Grand Valley State University, Allendale, MIB.S.05/2005Physics
    University of Mississippi, Oxford, MSPh.D.05/2011Physics

    Collapse Research 
    Collapse research activities and funding
    R01HL133334     (BADER, KENNETH B.)Dec 15, 2017 - Nov 30, 2023
    Chronic thrombus ablation with histotripsy and thrombolytics
    Role: Principal Investigator

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    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    Newest   |   Oldest   |   Most Cited   |   Most Discussed   |   Timeline   |   Field Summary   |   Plain Text
    PMC Citations indicate the number of times the publication was cited by articles in PubMed Central, and the Altmetric score represents citations in news articles and social media. (Note that publications are often cited in additional ways that are not shown here.) Fields are based on how the National Library of Medicine (NLM) classifies the publication's journal and might not represent the specific topic of the publication. Translation tags are based on the publication type and the MeSH terms NLM assigns to the publication. Some publications (especially newer ones and publications not in PubMed) might not yet be assigned Field or Translation tags.) Click a Field or Translation tag to filter the publications.
    1. Miao K, Basterrechea KF, Hernandez SL, Ahmed OS, Patel MV, Bader KB. Development of Convolutional Neural Network to Segment Ultrasound Images of Histotripsy Ablation. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2024 Jan 10; PP. PMID: 38198256.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    2. Bader KB, Shekhar H, Trivedi VV, Wallach EL. Contrast-Enhanced Imaging of Histotripsy Bubble Clouds Using Chirp-Coded Excitation and Volterra Filtering. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2023 09; 70(9):989-998. PMID: 37379172; PMCID: PMC10714473.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    3. Bader KB, Flores Basterrechea K, Hendley SA. In silico assessment of histotripsy-induced changes in catheter-directed thrombolytic delivery. Front Physiol. 2023; 14:1225804. PMID: 37449013; PMCID: PMC10336328.
    4. Iwanicki I, Wu LL, Flores-Guzman F, Sundland R, Viza-Gomes P, Nordgren R, Centner CS, Kandel JJ, Applebaum MA, Bader KB, Hernandez SL. Histotripsy induces apoptosis and reduces hypoxia in a neuroblastoma xenograft model. Int J Hyperthermia. 2023; 40(1):2222941. PMID: 37344380.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    5. Bhargava A, Huang S, McPherson DD, Bader KB. Assessment of bubble activity generated by histotripsy combined with echogenic liposomes. Phys Med Biol. 2022 Oct 31; 67(21). PMID: 36220055; PMCID: PMC10712043.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    6. Anthony GJ, Bollen V, Hendley S, Antic T, Sammet S, Bader KB. Corrigendum: Assessment of histotripsy-induced liquefaction with diagnostic ultrasound and magnetic resonance imagingin vitroandex vivo(2019Phys. Med. Biol.64095023). Phys Med Biol. 2022 Sep 30; 67(19). PMID: 36177650; PMCID: PMC9576028.
      Citations:    Fields:    
    7. Zemzemi C, Phillips M, Vela DC, Hilvert NA, Racadio JM, Bader KB, Haworth KJ, Holland CK. Effect of Thrombin and Incubation Time on Porcine Whole Blood Clot Elasticity and Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator Susceptibility. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2022 08; 48(8):1567-1578. PMID: 35644763; PMCID: PMC9247038.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    8. Wallach EL, Shekhar H, Flores-Guzman F, Hernandez SL, Bader KB. Histotripsy Bubble Cloud Contrast With Chirp-Coded Excitation in Preclinical Models. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2022 02; 69(2):787-794. PMID: 34748487.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    9. Hendley SA, Bhargava A, Holland CK, Wool GD, Ahmed O, Paul JD, Bader KB. (More than) doubling down: Effective fibrinolysis at a reduced rt-PA dose for catheter-directed thrombolysis combined with histotripsy. PLoS One. 2022; 17(1):e0261567. PMID: 34982784; PMCID: PMC8726487.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    10. Maxwell AD, Haworth KJ, Holland CK, Hendley SA, Kreider W, Bader KB. Design and Characterization of an Ultrasound Transducer for Combined Histotripsy-Thrombolytic Therapy. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2022 01; 69(1):156-165. PMID: 34534078; PMCID: PMC8802531.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    11. Hendley SA, Dimov A, Bhargava A, Snoddy E, Mansour D, Afifi RO, Wool GD, Zha Y, Sammet S, Lu ZF, Ahmed O, Paul JD, Bader KB. Assessment of histological characteristics, imaging markers, and rt-PA susceptibility of ex vivo venous thrombi. Sci Rep. 2021 11 23; 11(1):22805. PMID: 34815441; PMCID: PMC8610976.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    12. Bader KB, Makin IRS, Abramowicz JS, Bioeffects Committee of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. Ultrasound for Aesthetic Applications: A Review of Biophysical Mechanisms and Safety. J Ultrasound Med. 2022 Jul; 41(7):1597-1607. PMID: 34709673.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Humans
    13. Hendley SA, Paul JD, Maxwell AD, Haworth KJ, Holland CK, Bader KB. Clot Degradation Under the Action of Histotripsy Bubble Activity and a Lytic Drug. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2021 09; 68(9):2942-2952. PMID: 33460375; PMCID: PMC8445066.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    14. Bader KB, Wallach EL, Shekhar H, Flores-Guzman F, Halpern HJ, Hernandez SL. Estimating the mechanical energy of histotripsy bubble clouds with high frame rate imaging. Phys Med Biol. 2021 08 05; 66(16). PMID: 34271560; PMCID: PMC10680990.
      Citations:    Fields:    Translation:Animals
    15. Bhargava A, Hendley SA, Bader KB. An In vitro System to Gauge the Thrombolytic Efficacy of Histotripsy and a Lytic Drug. J Vis Exp. 2021 06 04; (172). PMID: 34152319; PMCID: PMC8612092.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    16. Bader KB, Hendley SA, Bollen V. Assessment of Collaborative Robot (Cobot)-Assisted Histotripsy for Venous Clot Ablation. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2021 04; 68(4):1220-1228. PMID: 32915723; PMCID: PMC8018710.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    17. Bollen V, Hendley SA, Paul JD, Maxwell AD, Haworth KJ, Holland CK, Bader KB. In Vitro Thrombolytic Efficacy of Single- and Five-Cycle Histotripsy Pulses and rt-PA. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2020 02; 46(2):336-349. PMID: 31785841; PMCID: PMC6930350.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    18. Hendley SA, Bollen V, Anthony GJ, Paul JD, Bader KB. In vitro assessment of stiffness-dependent histotripsy bubble cloud activity in gel phantoms and blood clots. Phys Med Biol. 2019 07 18; 64(14):145019. PMID: 31146275; PMCID: PMC6691736.
      Citations: 5     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    19. Bader KB, Hendley SA, Anthony GJ, Bollen V. Observation and modulation of the dissolution of histotripsy-induced bubble clouds with high-frame rate plane wave imaging. Phys Med Biol. 2019 05 29; 64(11):115012. PMID: 30995623; PMCID: PMC6690182.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    20. Bader KB, Gruber MJ, Holland CK. Corrigendum to: "Shaken and Stirred: Mechanisms of Ultrasound-Enhanced Thrombolysis" in Ultrasound Med Biol 2015; 41(1): 187-196. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2019 Aug; 45(8):2266. PMID: 31126714.
      Citations: 1     Fields:    
    21. Anthony GJ, Bollen V, Hendley S, Antic T, Sammet S, Bader KB. Assessment of histotripsy-induced liquefaction with diagnostic ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in vitro and ex vivo. Phys Med Biol. 2019 05 02; 64(9):095023. PMID: 30921780; PMCID: PMC6706274.
      Citations: 8     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    22. Bader KB, Vlaisavljevich E, Maxwell AD. For Whom the Bubble Grows: Physical Principles of Bubble Nucleation and Dynamics in Histotripsy Ultrasound Therapy. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2019 05; 45(5):1056-1080. PMID: 30922619; PMCID: PMC6524960.
      Citations: 44     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    23. Anthony GJ, Bader KB, Wang J, Zamora M, Ostdiek A, Antic T, Krueger S, Weiss S, Trogler WC, Blair SL, Kummel AC, Sammet S. MRI-guided transurethral insonation of silica-shell phase-shift emulsions in the prostate with an advanced navigation platform. Med Phys. 2019 Feb; 46(2):774-788. PMID: 30414276; PMCID: PMC6367027.
      Citations: 2     Fields:    Translation:Animals
    24. Bader KB, Bollen V. The influence of gas diffusion on bubble persistence in shock-scattering histotripsy. J Acoust Soc Am. 2018 06; 143(6):EL481. PMID: 29960422; PMCID: PMC6013299.
      Citations: 7     Fields:    Translation:Cells
    25. Bader KB. The influence of medium elasticity on the prediction of histotripsy-induced bubble expansion and erythrocyte viability. Phys Med Biol. 2018 05 02; 63(9):095010. PMID: 29553049; PMCID: PMC5959013.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    26. Bader KB, Haworth KJ, Maxwell AD, Holland CK. Post Hoc Analysis of Passive Cavitation Imaging for Classification of Histotripsy-Induced Liquefaction in Vitro. IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2018 01; 37(1):106-115. PMID: 28783627; PMCID: PMC5816682.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    27. Shekhar H, Bader KB, Huang S, Peng T, Huang S, McPherson DD, Holland CK. In vitro thrombolytic efficacy of echogenic liposomes loaded with tissue plasminogen activator and octafluoropropane gas. Phys Med Biol. 2017 01 21; 62(2):517-538. PMID: 28002053; PMCID: PMC5902024.
      Citations: 17     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    28. Haworth KJ, Bader KB, Rich KT, Holland CK, Mast TD. Quantitative Frequency-Domain Passive Cavitation Imaging. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2017 01; 64(1):177-191. PMID: 27992331; PMCID: PMC5344809.
      Citations: 57     Fields:    
    29. Haworth KJ, Bader KB, Rich KT, Holland CK, Mast TD. Quantitative Frequency-Domain Passive Cavitation Imaging. IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control. 2016 Oct 25. PMID: 28113750.
    30. Bader KB, Haworth KJ, Shekhar H, Maxwell AD, Peng T, McPherson DD, Holland CK. Efficacy of histotripsy combined with rt-PA in vitro. Phys Med Biol. 2016 07 21; 61(14):5253-74. PMID: 27353199; PMCID: PMC5563443.
      Citations: 32     Fields:    Translation:HumansAnimals
    31. Bader KB, Crowe MJ, Raymond JL, Holland CK. Effect of Frequency-Dependent Attenuation on Predicted Histotripsy Waveforms in Tissue-Mimicking Phantoms. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2016 07; 42(7):1701-5. PMID: 27108036; PMCID: PMC4899262.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    
    32. Bader KB, Holland CK. Predicting the growth of nanoscale nuclei by histotripsy pulses. Phys Med Biol. 2016 Apr 07; 61(7):2947-66. PMID: 26988374; PMCID: PMC4933507.
      Citations: 15     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    33. Bader KB, Bouchoux G, Holland CK. Sonothrombolysis. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016; 880:339-62. PMID: 26486347; PMCID: PMC4933511.
      Citations: 21     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    34. Bader KB, Bouchoux G, Peng T, Klegerman ME, McPherson DD, Holland CK. Thrombolytic efficacy and enzymatic activity of rt-PA-loaded echogenic liposomes. J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2015 Aug; 40(2):144-55. PMID: 25829338; PMCID: PMC4477081.
      Citations: 13     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    35. Bader KB, Gruber MJ, Holland CK. Shaken and stirred: mechanisms of ultrasound-enhanced thrombolysis. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2015 Jan; 41(1):187-96. PMID: 25438846; PMCID: PMC4258471.
      Citations: 52     Fields:    Translation:HumansCells
    36. Gruber MJ, Bader KB, Holland CK. Cavitation thresholds of contrast agents in an in vitro human clot model exposed to 120-kHz ultrasound. J Acoust Soc Am. 2014 Feb; 135(2):646-53. PMID: 25234874; PMCID: PMC3986017.
      Citations: 9     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    37. Raymond JL, Haworth KJ, Bader KB, Radhakrishnan K, Griffin JK, Huang SL, McPherson DD, Holland CK. Broadband attenuation measurements of phospholipid-shelled ultrasound contrast agents. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2014 Feb; 40(2):410-21. PMID: 24262056; PMCID: PMC4026002.
      Citations: 28     Fields:    
    38. Radhakrishnan K, Bader KB, Haworth KJ, Kopechek JA, Raymond JL, Huang SL, McPherson DD, Holland CK. Relationship between cavitation and loss of echogenicity from ultrasound contrast agents. Phys Med Biol. 2013 Sep 21; 58(18):6541-63. PMID: 24002637; PMCID: PMC4170692.
      Citations: 24     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    39. Bader KB, Holland CK. Gauging the likelihood of stable cavitation from ultrasound contrast agents. Phys Med Biol. 2013 Jan 07; 58(1):127-44. PMID: 23221109; PMCID: PMC4467591.
      Citations: 60     Fields:    
    40. Bouchoux G, Bader KB, Korfhagen JJ, Raymond JL, Shivashankar R, Abruzzo TA, Holland CK. Experimental validation of a finite-difference model for the prediction of transcranial ultrasound fields based on CT images. Phys Med Biol. 2012 Dec 07; 57(23):8005-22. PMID: 23154778; PMCID: PMC3518909.
      Citations: 6     Fields:    Translation:Humans
    41. Bader KB, Mobley J, Church CC, Gaitan DF. The effect of static pressure on the strength of inertial cavitation events. J Acoust Soc Am. 2012 Oct; 132(4):2286-91. PMID: 23039425.
      Citations: 4     Fields:    
    42. Bader KB, Raymond JL, Mobley J, Church CC, Felipe Gaitan D. The effect of static pressure on the inertial cavitation threshold. J Acoust Soc Am. 2012 Aug; 132(2):728-37. PMID: 22894195.
      Citations: 3     Fields:    
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