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Benjamin Glick

TitlePROFESSOR
InstitutionUniversity of Chicago
DepartmentMol Gen/Cell Bio
AddressChicago IL 60637
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    Collapse Overview 
    Collapse overview
    Our goal is to understand the processes that generate compartments of the secretory pathway, including ER exit sites (ERES; also known as transitional ER or tER sites) and the cisternae of the Golgi apparatus. Self-organization models provide the conceptual framework. Specifically, we postulate that ERES are generated together with early Golgi cisternae by an integrated self-organization pathway, and that early cisternae progressively mature into late cisternae.

    For exploring these ideas, our main experimental system is a pair of budding yeasts. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Golgi cisternae are dispersed throughout the cytoplasm and the ER contains multiple small ERES, whereas in Pichia pastoris, ordered Golgi stacks are located next to large, stable ERES. These two yeasts have complementary advantages for testing specific hypotheses about the secretory pathway. We use a combination of genetics, molecular biology, 4D confocal microscopy, and electron tomography. This work is revealing evolutionarily conserved principles of cellular organization.

    A second project in the lab involves optimizing fluorescent proteins, including the red fluorescent protein DsRed. Wild-type DsRed matures very slowly. We overcame this problem by using directed evolution to create the first rapidly maturing DsRed variants, one of which is marketed commercially as DsRed-Express. More recent work yielded a noncytotoxic variant called DsRed-Express2, as well as a far-red variant called E2-Crimson. These engineering efforts inspired a basic research project in which we clarified the pathway of DsRed chromophore formation. Current efforts are focused on creating improved monomeric green and red fluorescent proteins.


    Collapse Biography 
    Collapse education and training
    Amherst College, Amherst, MABA05/1983Neuroscience / Mathematics
    Stanford University, Stanford, CAPhD09/1988Biochemistry
    Biozentrum, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland(postdoc)12/1994Cell Biology

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    Collapse Bibliographic 
    Collapse selected publications
    Publications listed below are automatically derived from MEDLINE/PubMed and other sources, which might result in incorrect or missing publications. Faculty can login to make corrections and additions.
    List All   |   Timeline
    1. Pantazopoulou A, Glick BS. A Kinetic View of Membrane Traffic Pathways Can Transcend the Classical View of Golgi Compartments. Front Cell Dev Biol. 2019; 7:153. PMID: 31448274.
      View in: PubMed
    2. Johnson N, Glick BS. 4D Microscopy of Yeast. J Vis Exp. 2019 Apr 28; (146). PMID: 31081807.
      View in: PubMed
    3. Casler JC, Papanikou E, Barrero JJ, Glick BS. Maturation-driven transport and AP-1-dependent recycling of a secretory cargo in the Golgi. J Cell Biol. 2019 May 06; 218(5):1582-1601. PMID: 30858194.
      View in: PubMed
    4. Casler JC, Glick BS. Visualizing Secretory Cargo Transport in Budding Yeast. Curr Protoc Cell Biol. 2019 06; 83(1):e80. PMID: 30414385.
      View in: PubMed
    5. Barrero JJ, Casler JC, Valero F, Ferrer P, Glick BS. An improved secretion signal enhances the secretion of model proteins from Pichia pastoris. Microb Cell Fact. 2018 Oct 12; 17(1):161. PMID: 30314480.
      View in: PubMed
    6. Day KJ, Casler JC, Glick BS. Budding Yeast Has a Minimal Endomembrane System. Dev Cell. 2018 01 08; 44(1):56-72.e4. PMID: 29316441.
      View in: PubMed
    7. Day KJ, La Rivière PJ, Chandler T, Bindokas VP, Ferrier NJ, Glick BS. Improved deconvolution of very weak confocal signals. F1000Res. 2017; 6:787. PMID: 28868135.
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    8. Glick BS. New insights into protein secretion: TANGO1 runs rings around the COPII coat. J Cell Biol. 2017 04 03; 216(4):859-861. PMID: 28292851.
      View in: PubMed
    9. Barrero JJ, Papanikou E, Casler JC, Day KJ, Glick BS. An improved reversibly dimerizing mutant of the FK506-binding protein FKBP. Cell Logist. 2016 Jul-Sep; 6(3):e1204848. PMID: 27738551.
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    10. Sturmberger L, Chappell T, Geier M, Krainer F, Day KJ, Vide U, Trstenjak S, Schiefer A, Richardson T, Soriaga L, Darnhofer B, Birner-Gruenberger R, Glick BS, Tolstorukov I, Cregg J, Madden K, Glieder A. Refined Pichia pastoris reference genome sequence. J Biotechnol. 2016 Oct 10; 235:121-31. PMID: 27084056.
      View in: PubMed
    11. Liu X, Mao K, Yu AYH, Omairi-Nasser A, Austin J, Glick BS, Yip CK, Klionsky DJ. The Atg17-Atg31-Atg29 Complex Coordinates with Atg11 to Recruit the Vam7 SNARE and Mediate Autophagosome-Vacuole Fusion. Curr Biol. 2016 Jan 25; 26(2):150-160. PMID: 26774783.
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    12. Day KJ, Papanikou E, Glick BS. 4D Confocal Imaging of Yeast Organelles. Methods Mol Biol. 2016; 1496:1-11. PMID: 27631997.
      View in: PubMed
    13. Papanikou E, Day KJ, Austin J, Glick BS. COPI selectively drives maturation of the early Golgi. Elife. 2015 Dec 28; 4. PMID: 26709839.
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    14. Haucke V, Glick BS. Gottfried Schatz (1936-2015)-mitochondrial pioneer and ambassador for science. EMBO J. 2015 Nov 12; 34(22):2725-6. PMID: 26503916.
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    15. Adames NR, Wilson ML, Fang G, Lux MW, Glick BS, Peccoud J. GenoLIB: a database of biological parts derived from a library of common plasmid features. Nucleic Acids Res. 2015 May 26; 43(10):4823-32. PMID: 25925571.
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    16. Fitzgerald I, Glick BS. Secretion of a foreign protein from budding yeasts is enhanced by cotranslational translocation and by suppression of vacuolar targeting. Microb Cell Fact. 2014 Aug 28; 13(1):125. PMID: 25164324.
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    17. Papanikou E, Glick BS. Golgi compartmentation and identity. Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2014 Aug; 29:74-81. PMID: 24840895.
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    18. Glick BS. Integrated self-organization of transitional ER and early Golgi compartments. Bioessays. 2014 Feb; 36(2):129-33. PMID: 24242672.
      View in: PubMed
    19. Bhave M, Papanikou E, Iyer P, Pandya K, Jain BK, Ganguly A, Sharma C, Pawar K, Austin J, Day KJ, Rossanese OW, Glick BS, Bhattacharyya D. Golgi enlargement in Arf-depleted yeast cells is due to altered dynamics of cisternal maturation. J Cell Sci. 2014 Jan 01; 127(Pt 1):250-7. PMID: 24190882.
      View in: PubMed
    20. Bharucha N, Liu Y, Papanikou E, McMahon C, Esaki M, Jeffrey PD, Hughson FM, Glick BS. Sec16 influences transitional ER sites by regulating rather than organizing COPII. Mol Biol Cell. 2013 Nov; 24(21):3406-19. PMID: 24006484.
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    21. Day KJ, Staehelin LA, Glick BS. A three-stage model of Golgi structure and function. Histochem Cell Biol. 2013 Sep; 140(3):239-49. PMID: 23881164.
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    22. Montegna EA, Bhave M, Liu Y, Bhattacharyya D, Glick BS. Sec12 binds to Sec16 at transitional ER sites. PLoS One. 2012; 7(2):e31156. PMID: 22347445.
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    23. Glick BS, Luini A. Models for Golgi traffic: a critical assessment. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. 2011 Nov 01; 3(11):a005215. PMID: 21875986.
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    24. Schuldiner M, Glick B. Organelle structure and biogenesis. Mol Biol Cell. 2011 Mar 15; 22(6):723. PMID: 21406586.
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    25. Strack RL, Keenan RJ, Glick BS. Noncytotoxic DsRed derivatives for whole-cell labeling. Methods Mol Biol. 2011; 699:355-70. PMID: 21116992.
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    26. Strack RL, Strongin DE, Mets L, Glick BS, Keenan RJ. Chromophore formation in DsRed occurs by a branched pathway. J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Jun 23; 132(24):8496-505. PMID: 20509651.
      View in: PubMed
    27. Levi SK, Bhattacharyya D, Strack RL, Austin JR, Glick BS. The yeast GRASP Grh1 colocalizes with COPII and is dispensable for organizing the secretory pathway. Traffic. 2010 Sep; 11(9):1168-79. PMID: 20573068.
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    28. Bhattacharyya D, Hammond AT, Glick BS. High-quality immunofluorescence of cultured cells. Methods Mol Biol. 2010; 619:403-10. PMID: 20419424.
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    29. Emr S, Glick BS, Linstedt AD, Lippincott-Schwartz J, Luini A, Malhotra V, Marsh BJ, Nakano A, Pfeffer SR, Rabouille C, Rothman JE, Warren G, Wieland FT. Journeys through the Golgi--taking stock in a new era. J Cell Biol. 2009 Nov 16; 187(4):449-53. PMID: 19948493.
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    30. Papanikou E, Glick BS. The yeast Golgi apparatus: insights and mysteries. FEBS Lett. 2009 Dec 03; 583(23):3746-51. PMID: 19879270.
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    31. Strack RL, Hein B, Bhattacharyya D, Hell SW, Keenan RJ, Glick BS. A rapidly maturing far-red derivative of DsRed-Express2 for whole-cell labeling. Biochemistry. 2009 Sep 08; 48(35):8279-81. PMID: 19658435.
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    32. Attali R, Warwar N, Israel A, Gurt I, McNally E, Puckelwartz M, Glick B, Nevo Y, Ben-Neriah Z, Melki J. Mutation of SYNE-1, encoding an essential component of the nuclear lamina, is responsible for autosomal recessive arthrogryposis. Hum Mol Genet. 2009 Sep 15; 18(18):3462-9. PMID: 19542096.
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    33. Strack RL, Bhattacharyya D, Glick BS, Keenan RJ. Noncytotoxic orange and red/green derivatives of DsRed-Express2 for whole-cell labeling. BMC Biotechnol. 2009 Apr 03; 9:32. PMID: 19344508.
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    34. Glick BS, Nakano A. Membrane traffic within the Golgi apparatus. Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol. 2009; 25:113-32. PMID: 19575639.
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    35. Strack RL, Strongin DE, Bhattacharyya D, Tao W, Berman A, Broxmeyer HE, Keenan RJ, Glick BS. A noncytotoxic DsRed variant for whole-cell labeling. Nat Methods. 2008 Nov; 5(11):955-7. PMID: 18953349.
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    36. Losev E, Papanikou E, Rossanese OW, Glick BS. Cdc1p is an endoplasmic reticulum-localized putative lipid phosphatase that affects Golgi inheritance and actin polarization by activating Ca2+ signaling. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 May; 28(10):3336-43. PMID: 18332110.
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    37. Strongin DE, Bevis B, Khuong N, Downing ME, Strack RL, Sundaram K, Glick BS, Keenan RJ. Structural rearrangements near the chromophore influence the maturation speed and brightness of DsRed variants. Protein Eng Des Sel. 2007 Nov; 20(11):525-34. PMID: 17962222.
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    38. Levi SK, Glick BS. GRASPing unconventional secretion. Cell. 2007 Aug 10; 130(3):407-9. PMID: 17693251.
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    39. Glick BS. Let there be order. Nat Cell Biol. 2007 Feb; 9(2):130-2. PMID: 17268474.
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    40. Schroder LA, Glick BS, Dunn WA. Identification of pexophagy genes by restriction enzyme-mediated integration. Methods Mol Biol. 2007; 389:203-18. PMID: 17951645.
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    41. Glick BS. Fluorescence microscopy and thin-section electron microscopy. Methods Mol Biol. 2007; 389:251-60. PMID: 17951648.
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    42. Bhattacharyya D, Glick BS. Two mammalian Sec16 homologues have nonredundant functions in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) export and transitional ER organization. Mol Biol Cell. 2007 Mar; 18(3):839-49. PMID: 17192411.
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    43. Stokes WA, Glick BS. MICA: desktop software for comprehensive searching of DNA databases. BMC Bioinformatics. 2006 Oct 03; 7:427. PMID: 17018144.
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    44. Esaki M, Liu Y, Glick BS. The budding yeast Pichia pastoris has a novel Sec23p homolog. FEBS Lett. 2006 Oct 02; 580(22):5215-21. PMID: 16962585.
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    45. Losev E, Reinke CA, Jellen J, Strongin DE, Bevis BJ, Glick BS. Golgi maturation visualized in living yeast. Nature. 2006 Jun 22; 441(7096):1002-6. PMID: 16699524.
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    46. Hara M, Dizon RF, Glick BS, Lee CS, Kaestner KH, Piston DW, Bindokas VP. Imaging pancreatic beta-cells in the intact pancreas. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2006 May; 290(5):E1041-7. PMID: 16368785.
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    47. Genové G, Glick BS, Barth AL. Brighter reporter genes from multimerized fluorescent proteins. Biotechniques. 2005 Dec; 39(6):814, 816, 818 passim. PMID: 16382897.
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    48. Connerly PL, Esaki M, Montegna EA, Strongin DE, Levi S, Soderholm J, Glick BS. Sec16 is a determinant of transitional ER organization. Curr Biol. 2005 Aug 23; 15(16):1439-47. PMID: 16111939.
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    49. Reinke CA, Kozik P, Glick BS. Golgi inheritance in small buds of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is linked to endoplasmic reticulum inheritance. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 Dec 28; 101(52):18018-23. PMID: 15596717.
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    50. Soderholm J, Bhattacharyya D, Strongin D, Markovitz V, Connerly PL, Reinke CA, Glick BS. The transitional ER localization mechanism of Pichia pastoris Sec12. Dev Cell. 2004 May; 6(5):649-59. PMID: 15130490.
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    51. Bonifacino JS, Glick BS. The mechanisms of vesicle budding and fusion. Cell. 2004 Jan 23; 116(2):153-66. PMID: 14744428.
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    52. Rua D, Holzen T, Glick BS, Kron SJ, Bishop DK. Monitoring changes in the subcellular location of proteins in S. cerevisiae. Methods Mol Biol. 2004; 241:299-311. PMID: 14970663.
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    53. Mogelsvang S, Gomez-Ospina N, Soderholm J, Glick BS, Staehelin LA. Tomographic evidence for continuous turnover of Golgi cisternae in Pichia pastoris. Mol Biol Cell. 2003 Jun; 14(6):2277-91. PMID: 12808029.
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    54. Bevis BJ, Hammond AT, Reinke CA, Glick BS. De novo formation of transitional ER sites and Golgi structures in Pichia pastoris. Nat Cell Biol. 2002 Oct; 4(10):750-6. PMID: 12360285.
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    55. Glick BS. Can the Golgi form de novo? Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2002 08; 3(8):615-9. PMID: 12154372.
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    56. Mukaiyama H, Oku M, Baba M, Samizo T, Hammond AT, Glick BS, Kato N, Sakai Y. Paz2 and 13 other PAZ gene products regulate vacuolar engulfment of peroxisomes during micropexophagy. Genes Cells. 2002 Jan; 7(1):75-90. PMID: 11856375.
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    57. Bevis BJ, Glick BS. Rapidly maturing variants of the Discosoma red fluorescent protein (DsRed). Nat Biotechnol. 2002 Jan; 20(1):83-7. PMID: 11753367.
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    58. van Dijk R, Faber KN, Hammond AT, Glick BS, Veenhuis M, Kiel JA. Tagging Hansenula polymorpha genes by random integration of linear DNA fragments (RALF). Mol Genet Genomics. 2001 Dec; 266(4):646-56. PMID: 11810237.
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    59. Rossanese OW, Glick BS. Deconstructing Golgi inheritance. Traffic. 2001 Sep; 2(9):589-96. PMID: 11555412.
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    60. Soderholm J, Bevis BJ, Glick BS. Vector for pop-in/pop-out gene replacement in Pichia pastoris. Biotechniques. 2001 Aug; 31(2):306-10, 312. PMID: 11515366.
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    61. Glick BS. ER export: more than one way out. Curr Biol. 2001 May 01; 11(9):R361-3. PMID: 11369248.
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    62. Rossanese OW, Reinke CA, Bevis BJ, Hammond AT, Sears IB, O'Connor J, Glick BS. A role for actin, Cdc1p, and Myo2p in the inheritance of late Golgi elements in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Cell Biol. 2001 Apr 02; 153(1):47-62. PMID: 11285273.
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    63. Matouschek A, Glick BS. Barreling through the outer membrane. Nat Struct Biol. 2001 Apr; 8(4):284-6. PMID: 11276240.
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    64. Hammond AT, Glick BS. Raising the speed limits for 4D fluorescence microscopy. Traffic. 2000 Dec; 1(12):935-40. PMID: 11208083.
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    65. Hammond AT, Glick BS. Dynamics of transitional endoplasmic reticulum sites in vertebrate cells. Mol Biol Cell. 2000 Sep; 11(9):3013-30. PMID: 10982397.
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    66. Payne WE, Kaiser CA, Bevis BJ, Soderholm J, Fu D, Sears IB, Glick BS. Isolation of Pichia pastoris genes involved in ER-to-Golgi transport. Yeast. 2000 Aug; 16(11):979-93. PMID: 10923020.
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    67. Glick BS. Organization of the Golgi apparatus. Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2000 Aug; 12(4):450-6. PMID: 10873826.
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    68. Rossanese OW, Soderholm J, Bevis BJ, Sears IB, O'Connor J, Williamson EK, Glick BS. Golgi structure correlates with transitional endoplasmic reticulum organization in Pichia pastoris and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Cell Biol. 1999 Apr 05; 145(1):69-81. PMID: 10189369.
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    69. Glick BS, Malhotra V. The curious status of the Golgi apparatus. Cell. 1998 Dec 23; 95(7):883-9. PMID: 9875843.
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    70. Séron K, Tieaho V, Prescianotto-Baschong C, Aust T, Blondel MO, Guillaud P, Devilliers G, Rossanese OW, Glick BS, Riezman H, Keränen S, Haguenauer-Tsapis R. A yeast t-SNARE involved in endocytosis. Mol Biol Cell. 1998 Oct; 9(10):2873-89. PMID: 9763449.
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    71. Sears IB, O'Connor J, Rossanese OW, Glick BS. A versatile set of vectors for constitutive and regulated gene expression in Pichia pastoris. Yeast. 1998 Jun 15; 14(8):783-90. PMID: 9675822.
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    72. Chauwin JF, Oster G, Glick BS. Strong precursor-pore interactions constrain models for mitochondrial protein import. Biophys J. 1998 Apr; 74(4):1732-43. PMID: 9545036.
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    73. Matouschek A, Azem A, Ratliff K, Glick BS, Schmid K, Schatz G. Active unfolding of precursor proteins during mitochondrial protein import. EMBO J. 1997 Nov 17; 16(22):6727-36. PMID: 9362487.
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    74. Glick BS, Elston T, Oster G. A cisternal maturation mechanism can explain the asymmetry of the Golgi stack. FEBS Lett. 1997 Sep 08; 414(2):177-81. PMID: 9315681.
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    75. Horst M, Azem A, Schatz G, Glick BS. What is the driving force for protein import into mitochondria? Biochim Biophys Acta. 1997 Jan 16; 1318(1-2):71-8. PMID: 9030256.
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    76. Tokatlidis K, Junne T, Moes S, Schatz G, Glick BS, Kronidou N. Translocation arrest of an intramitochondrial sorting signal next to Tim11 at the inner-membrane import site. Nature. 1996 Dec 12; 384(6609):585-8. PMID: 8955275.
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    77. Glick BS. Cell biology: alternatives to baker's yeast. Curr Biol. 1996 Dec 01; 6(12):1570-2. PMID: 8994815.
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    78. Glick BS, Von Heijne G. Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondria lack a bacterial-type sec machinery. Protein Sci. 1996 Dec; 5(12):2651-2. PMID: 8976575.
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    79. Horst M, Oppliger W, Feifel B, Schatz G, Glick BS. The mitochondrial protein import motor: dissociation of mitochondrial hsp70 from its membrane anchor requires ATP binding rather than ATP hydrolysis. Protein Sci. 1996 Apr; 5(4):759-67. PMID: 8845766.
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    80. Rospert S, Looser R, Dubaquie Y, Matouschek A, Glick BS, Schatz G. Hsp60-independent protein folding in the matrix of yeast mitochondria. EMBO J. 1996 Feb 15; 15(4):764-74. PMID: 8631298.
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    81. Matouschek A, Rospert S, Schmid K, Glick BS, Schatz G. Cyclophilin catalyzes protein folding in yeast mitochondria. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 Jul 03; 92(14):6319-23. PMID: 7603990.
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    82. Linstedt AD, Foguet M, Renz M, Seelig HP, Glick BS, Hauri HP. A C-terminally-anchored Golgi protein is inserted into the endoplasmic reticulum and then transported to the Golgi apparatus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 May 23; 92(11):5102-5. PMID: 7761455.
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    83. Lithgow T, Glick BS, Schatz G. The protein import receptor of mitochondria. Trends Biochem Sci. 1995 Mar; 20(3):98-101. PMID: 7709435.
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    84. Glick BS. Can Hsp70 proteins act as force-generating motors? Cell. 1995 Jan 13; 80(1):11-4. PMID: 7813006.
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    85. Glick BS, Pon LA. Isolation of highly purified mitochondria from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Methods Enzymol. 1995; 260:213-23. PMID: 8592446.
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    86. Glick BS. Pathways and energetics of mitochondrial protein import in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Methods Enzymol. 1995; 260:224-31. PMID: 8592447.
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    87. Kronidou NG, Oppliger W, Bolliger L, Hannavy K, Glick BS, Schatz G, Horst M. Dynamic interaction between Isp45 and mitochondrial hsp70 in the protein import system of the yeast mitochondrial inner membrane. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Dec 20; 91(26):12818-22. PMID: 7809127.
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    88. Rospert S, Müller S, Schatz G, Glick BS. Fusion proteins containing the cytochrome b2 presequence are sorted to the mitochondrial intermembrane space independently of hsp60. J Biol Chem. 1994 Jun 24; 269(25):17279-88. PMID: 7911803.
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    89. Bolliger L, Deloche O, Glick BS, Georgopoulos C, Jenö P, Kronidou N, Horst M, Morishima N, Schatz G. A mitochondrial homolog of bacterial GrpE interacts with mitochondrial hsp70 and is essential for viability. EMBO J. 1994 Apr 15; 13(8):1998-2006. PMID: 8168496.
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    90. Wachter C, Schatz G, Glick BS. Protein import into mitochondria: the requirement for external ATP is precursor-specific whereas intramitochondrial ATP is universally needed for translocation into the matrix. Mol Biol Cell. 1994 Apr; 5(4):465-74. PMID: 7914441.
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    91. Rospert S, Junne T, Glick BS, Schatz G. Cloning and disruption of the gene encoding yeast mitochondrial chaperonin 10, the homolog of E. coli groES. FEBS Lett. 1993 Dec 13; 335(3):358-60. PMID: 7903252.
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    92. Rospert S, Glick BS, Jenö P, Schatz G, Todd MJ, Lorimer GH, Viitanen PV. Identification and functional analysis of chaperonin 10, the groES homolog from yeast mitochondria. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Dec 01; 90(23):10967-71. PMID: 7902576.
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    93. Glick BS, Wachter C, Reid GA, Schatz G. Import of cytochrome b2 to the mitochondrial intermembrane space: the tightly folded heme-binding domain makes import dependent upon matrix ATP. Protein Sci. 1993 Nov; 2(11):1901-17. PMID: 8268801.
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    94. Wachter C, Schatz G, Glick BS. Role of ATP in the intramitochondrial sorting of cytochrome c1 and the adenine nucleotide translocator. EMBO J. 1992 Dec; 11(13):4787-94. PMID: 1334457.
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    95. Glick BS, Beasley EM, Schatz G. Protein sorting in mitochondria. Trends Biochem Sci. 1992 Nov; 17(11):453-9. PMID: 1455515.
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    96. Glick BS, Wachter C, Schatz G. The energetics of protein import into mitochondria. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 Jul 17; 1101(2):249-51. PMID: 1633190.
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    97. Glick BS, Brandt A, Cunningham K, Müller S, Hallberg RL, Schatz G. Cytochromes c1 and b2 are sorted to the intermembrane space of yeast mitochondria by a stop-transfer mechanism. Cell. 1992 May 29; 69(5):809-22. PMID: 1350514.
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    98. Glick B, Wachter C, Schatz G. Protein import into mitochondria: two systems acting in tandem? Trends Cell Biol. 1991 Oct; 1(4):99-103. PMID: 14731796.
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    99. Glick BS. Protein import into isolated yeast mitochondria. Methods Cell Biol. 1991; 34:389-99. PMID: 1943812.
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    100. Glick B, Schatz G. Import of proteins into mitochondria. Annu Rev Genet. 1991; 25:21-44. PMID: 1812807.
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    101. Geli V, Glick B. Mitochondrial protein import. J Bioenerg Biomembr. 1990 Dec; 22(6):725-51. PMID: 2092036.
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    102. Pfanner N, Glick BS, Arden SR, Rothman JE. Fatty acylation promotes fusion of transport vesicles with Golgi cisternae. J Cell Biol. 1990 Apr; 110(4):955-61. PMID: 2324202.
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    103. Pfanner N, Orci L, Glick BS, Amherdt M, Arden SR, Malhotra V, Rothman JE. Fatty acyl-coenzyme A is required for budding of transport vesicles from Golgi cisternae. Cell. 1989 Oct 06; 59(1):95-102. PMID: 2790961.
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    104. Beckers CJ, Block MR, Glick BS, Rothman JE, Balch WE. Vesicular transport between the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi stack requires the NEM-sensitive fusion protein. Nature. 1989 Jun 01; 339(6223):397-8. PMID: 2542798.
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    105. Melançon P, Glick BS, Malhotra V, Weidman PJ, Serafini T, Orci L, Rothman JE. A role for GTP-binding proteins in vesicular transport through the Golgi complex. Soc Gen Physiol Ser. 1989; 44:175-88. PMID: 2506649.
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    106. Block MR, Glick BS, Wilcox CA, Wieland FT, Rothman JE. Purification of an N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive protein catalyzing vesicular transport. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988 Nov; 85(21):7852-6. PMID: 3186695.
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    107. Malhotra V, Orci L, Glick BS, Block MR, Rothman JE. Role of an N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive transport component in promoting fusion of transport vesicles with cisternae of the Golgi stack. Cell. 1988 Jul 15; 54(2):221-7. PMID: 3390865.
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    108. Melançon P, Glick BS, Malhotra V, Weidman PJ, Serafini T, Gleason ML, Orci L, Rothman JE. Involvement of GTP-binding "G" proteins in transport through the Golgi stack. Cell. 1987 Dec 24; 51(6):1053-62. PMID: 2826014.
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    109. Glick BS, Rothman JE. Possible role for fatty acyl-coenzyme A in intracellular protein transport. Nature. 1987 Mar 19-25; 326(6110):309-12. PMID: 3821906.
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    110. Orci L, Glick BS, Rothman JE. A new type of coated vesicular carrier that appears not to contain clathrin: its possible role in protein transport within the Golgi stack. Cell. 1986 Jul 18; 46(2):171-84. PMID: 2872969.
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    111. Pâquet MR, Pfeffer SR, Burczak JD, Glick BS, Rothman JE. Components responsible for transport between successive Golgi cisternae are highly conserved in evolution. J Biol Chem. 1986 Apr 05; 261(10):4367-70. PMID: 3007452.
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    112. Dunphy WG, Pfeffer SR, Clary DO, Wattenberg BW, Glick BS, Rothman JE. Yeast and mammals utilize similar cytosolic components to drive protein transport through the Golgi complex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Mar; 83(6):1622-6. PMID: 3513182.
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    113. George DL, Scott AF, Trusko S, Glick B, Ford E, Dorney DJ. Structure and expression of amplified cKi-ras gene sequences in Y1 mouse adrenal tumor cells. EMBO J. 1985 May; 4(5):1199-203. PMID: 4006913.
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    114. Balch WE, Glick BS, Rothman JE. Sequential intermediates in the pathway of intercompartmental transport in a cell-free system. Cell. 1984 Dec; 39(3 Pt 2):525-36. PMID: 6096009.
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