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Last Name
Institution

James A. Shapiro

Concepts (215)

Concepts are derived automatically from a person's publications.

Concepts are listed by decreasing relevance which is based on many factors, including how many publications the person wrote about that topic, how long ago those publications were written, and how many publications other people have written on that same topic.

Name Number of Publications Most Recent Publication Publications by All Authors Concept Score Why?
Genome
16
2021
364
4.200
Why?
DNA Transposable Elements
29
2022
168
2.790
Why?
Evolution, Molecular
12
2022
844
2.210
Why?
Biological Evolution
9
2022
912
1.940
Why?
Escherichia coli
27
2009
621
1.520
Why?
DNA
7
2016
1303
1.430
Why?
Information Storage and Retrieval
3
2015
122
1.120
Why?
Genomic Instability
2
2013
69
1.010
Why?
Genetic Engineering
5
2009
108
0.990
Why?
Genome, Bacterial
5
2009
143
0.970
Why?
Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
5
2005
135
0.880
Why?
Recombination, Genetic
15
1999
449
0.870
Why?
Cognition
2
2020
513
0.870
Why?
Prokaryotic Cells
2
2020
15
0.870
Why?
Viruses
1
2021
85
0.820
Why?
Plants
2
2020
107
0.810
Why?
Bacteria
7
2007
466
0.780
Why?
Genomic Islands
1
2019
13
0.770
Why?
Genetic Variation
6
2015
1377
0.740
Why?
Retroelements
3
2016
40
0.730
Why?
Genes, Bacterial
10
1999
207
0.720
Why?
DNA, Bacterial
16
2009
270
0.710
Why?
Adaptation, Biological
3
2016
91
0.700
Why?
Neoplasms
2
2021
2744
0.620
Why?
Cell Physiological Phenomena
1
2015
23
0.600
Why?
beta-Galactosidase
9
1999
72
0.600
Why?
Lac Operon
9
2009
44
0.590
Why?
Selection, Genetic
7
2007
478
0.560
Why?
Molecular Biology
3
2021
88
0.540
Why?
Databases, Genetic
1
2015
266
0.530
Why?
RNA
2
2015
520
0.510
Why?
Gene Rearrangement
4
2009
170
0.500
Why?
Gene Expression Regulation
9
2014
1962
0.470
Why?
Homeostasis
1
2014
403
0.460
Why?
Bacteriophage mu
7
2009
17
0.420
Why?
Animals
15
2022
27277
0.410
Why?
Base Sequence
12
2015
2421
0.410
Why?
Proteins
1
2015
784
0.400
Why?
DNA Replication
9
2013
176
0.380
Why?
Genomics
3
2022
664
0.370
Why?
Cloning, Molecular
5
2009
679
0.370
Why?
Bacteriology
1
2007
2
0.360
Why?
Mutation
12
2021
3891
0.360
Why?
Plasmids
11
2009
292
0.330
Why?
Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
5
2002
228
0.330
Why?
Adaptation, Physiological
4
2012
325
0.330
Why?
Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
2
2016
656
0.320
Why?
Pseudomonas
6
1985
52
0.310
Why?
Bacterial Physiological Phenomena
2
2007
47
0.260
Why?
Models, Genetic
6
2005
927
0.260
Why?
Molecular Sequence Data
7
2015
3187
0.250
Why?
Recombinant Fusion Proteins
5
1999
570
0.250
Why?
Humans
15
2021
84808
0.240
Why?
Eukaryota
1
2022
41
0.230
Why?
Lysogeny
8
1999
11
0.230
Why?
Hybridization, Genetic
1
2022
106
0.220
Why?
Biology
1
2021
42
0.220
Why?
Bacteriophages
6
1983
50
0.220
Why?
Mutagenesis, Insertional
3
2009
112
0.200
Why?
Iron
1
1999
172
0.180
Why?
Chromosome Mapping
7
2015
1105
0.180
Why?
Bacteriophage lambda
6
1992
24
0.180
Why?
Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)
2
1997
86
0.180
Why?
Species Specificity
4
2007
698
0.170
Why?
Escherichia coli Proteins
2
1999
174
0.170
Why?
Signal Transduction
5
2007
3334
0.170
Why?
Bacterial Proteins
4
1999
897
0.170
Why?
DNA, Viral
5
1984
281
0.170
Why?
Alkanes
4
1984
7
0.170
Why?
Proteus mirabilis
1
1996
3
0.170
Why?
R Factors
4
1984
11
0.160
Why?
RNA, Untranslated
1
2016
64
0.160
Why?
Embryo, Mammalian
1
2016
213
0.150
Why?
Exons
2
2005
464
0.150
Why?
Periodicity
1
1996
126
0.150
Why?
Genes
3
1982
315
0.150
Why?
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
3
1983
204
0.150
Why?
Transduction, Genetic
7
1993
153
0.140
Why?
Reproduction
1
2016
196
0.140
Why?
Coliphages
3
1979
59
0.140
Why?
Replicon
3
1983
8
0.130
Why?
Gene Transfer, Horizontal
1
2013
33
0.130
Why?
Gene Regulatory Networks
1
2016
287
0.130
Why?
Proviruses
1
1993
17
0.130
Why?
Cells
1
2013
29
0.130
Why?
Serine Endopeptidases
2
1999
175
0.130
Why?
Heat-Shock Proteins
2
1999
179
0.130
Why?
DNA Polymerase I
1
1992
9
0.130
Why?
Virus Activation
3
2009
45
0.130
Why?
Philosophy
1
2012
9
0.120
Why?
Drug Resistance, Microbial
6
1992
131
0.120
Why?
Symbiosis
1
2013
99
0.120
Why?
Hydrocarbons
2
1984
11
0.120
Why?
Genetics
1
1992
24
0.120
Why?
Mutation Rate
1
2012
44
0.120
Why?
Immunity, Innate
1
2016
448
0.120
Why?
Virus Diseases
1
2012
102
0.110
Why?
DNA Damage
1
2013
356
0.110
Why?
History, 20th Century
2
2007
319
0.100
Why?
Time Factors
4
2013
5526
0.100
Why?
Gene Expression
2
1991
1344
0.090
Why?
Galactosidases
1
1988
14
0.090
Why?
Cybernetics
1
2007
2
0.090
Why?
Gene Amplification
2
1989
134
0.090
Why?
Colony Count, Microbial
1
2007
64
0.090
Why?
Phylogeny
1
2013
1143
0.090
Why?
Operon
2
1984
51
0.080
Why?
Transcription, Genetic
4
1999
1169
0.080
Why?
History, 21st Century
1
2007
182
0.080
Why?
Bacillus subtilis
2
1998
91
0.080
Why?
Repressor Proteins
3
1999
410
0.080
Why?
Genome, Human
1
1991
760
0.070
Why?
Reverse Transcription
1
2005
10
0.070
Why?
Blastocyst
1
2005
33
0.070
Why?
Cell Division
3
1998
749
0.070
Why?
Heterochromatin
1
2005
23
0.070
Why?
Biotechnology
1
2005
26
0.070
Why?
Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
2
1997
180
0.070
Why?
Gene Library
1
2005
130
0.070
Why?
Genes, Immunoglobulin
1
2005
115
0.070
Why?
Gram-Negative Bacteria
1
1984
44
0.070
Why?
Trimethoprim
3
1980
16
0.070
Why?
DNA, Complementary
1
2005
411
0.070
Why?
Oocytes
1
2005
229
0.070
Why?
Genetic Techniques
1
1984
75
0.060
Why?
Chromosomes, Bacterial
2
1984
32
0.060
Why?
Agar
2
1996
11
0.060
Why?
Culture Media
2
1996
179
0.060
Why?
Genetic Complementation Test
3
1990
101
0.060
Why?
Genes, Regulator
2
1997
67
0.050
Why?
Morphogenesis
2
1996
188
0.050
Why?
Consensus Sequence
1
1999
63
0.050
Why?
Periplasmic Binding Proteins
1
1999
26
0.050
Why?
Protease La
1
1999
4
0.050
Why?
Iron-Binding Proteins
1
1999
15
0.050
Why?
Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins
1
1999
53
0.050
Why?
Bacteriological Techniques
1
1999
74
0.050
Why?
Chromosomes
3
1982
97
0.050
Why?
Serratia
1
1998
1
0.050
Why?
Proteus
1
1998
2
0.050
Why?
ATP-Dependent Proteases
2
1999
5
0.040
Why?
Spores, Bacterial
1
1998
17
0.040
Why?
DNA-Binding Proteins
1
1985
1215
0.040
Why?
Cell Differentiation
1
2005
1485
0.040
Why?
DNA Restriction Enzymes
3
1983
104
0.040
Why?
Glucose
2
1994
630
0.040
Why?
Biofilms
1
1998
44
0.040
Why?
Bacterial Adhesion
1
1998
92
0.040
Why?
Protein Biosynthesis
1
1999
379
0.040
Why?
Biomass
1
1996
27
0.040
Why?
Actinomycetales
1
1976
5
0.040
Why?
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
2
1987
160
0.040
Why?
Cell Communication
1
1996
191
0.040
Why?
F Factor
1
1995
2
0.040
Why?
Lac Repressors
1
1995
2
0.040
Why?
Promoter Regions, Genetic
1
1999
941
0.040
Why?
Frameshift Mutation
1
1995
55
0.040
Why?
Lactose
1
1995
27
0.040
Why?
DNA Mutational Analysis
1
1997
538
0.040
Why?
Enzyme Induction
1
1994
94
0.040
Why?
Kinetics
2
1990
1628
0.030
Why?
Mutagenesis
1
1994
211
0.030
Why?
Restriction Mapping
1
1992
166
0.030
Why?
DNA, Recombinant
2
1982
66
0.030
Why?
Ciliophora
1
1992
1
0.030
Why?
Polymerase Chain Reaction
1
1994
1000
0.030
Why?
Streptomycin
2
1982
8
0.030
Why?
Oxidation-Reduction
2
1984
383
0.030
Why?
Human Genome Project
1
1991
19
0.030
Why?
Chloramphenicol
2
1983
21
0.030
Why?
Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid
1
1992
147
0.030
Why?
Genes, Viral
2
1982
124
0.030
Why?
Conjugation, Genetic
2
1980
21
0.030
Why?
Blotting, Southern
1
1989
139
0.020
Why?
Nucleic Acid Hybridization
1
1989
255
0.020
Why?
Alleles
1
1993
1120
0.020
Why?
Phenotype
2
1988
2324
0.020
Why?
Video Recording
1
1989
191
0.020
Why?
Gene Frequency
1
1991
671
0.020
Why?
Uridine
1
1966
53
0.020
Why?
Mitomycins
2
1976
14
0.020
Why?
Virus Replication
2
1979
335
0.020
Why?
Phosphates
1
1966
166
0.020
Why?
Allosteric Regulation
1
1985
71
0.020
Why?
Histocytochemistry
1
1984
137
0.020
Why?
Viral Interference
1
1984
4
0.020
Why?
Alcohols
1
1984
25
0.020
Why?
Clone Cells
1
1984
305
0.020
Why?
Staining and Labeling
1
1984
186
0.020
Why?
Fluoroacetates
1
1983
1
0.020
Why?
Amidohydrolases
1
1983
20
0.020
Why?
Oncogenic Viruses
1
1982
4
0.010
Why?
Trypanosoma
1
1982
3
0.010
Why?
Cell Membrane
1
1984
692
0.010
Why?
Sulfonamides
1
1982
332
0.010
Why?
United States
1
1992
6459
0.010
Why?
Eukaryotic Cells
1
1980
38
0.010
Why?
Cyclic AMP Receptor Protein
1
1999
1
0.010
Why?
Endopeptidase Clp
1
1999
3
0.010
Why?
Sigma Factor
1
1999
30
0.010
Why?
Adenosine Triphosphatases
1
1999
154
0.010
Why?
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
1
1982
430
0.010
Why?
Drosophila melanogaster
1
1982
603
0.010
Why?
Brevibacterium
1
1976
1
0.010
Why?
Arthrobacter
1
1976
2
0.010
Why?
Nitrosoguanidines
1
1976
2
0.010
Why?
Micrococcus
1
1976
9
0.010
Why?
Corynebacterium
1
1976
9
0.010
Why?
Viral Proteins
1
1979
324
0.010
Why?
Genetic Linkage
1
1978
647
0.010
Why?
DNA Viruses
1
1974
16
0.010
Why?
Carrier Proteins
1
1999
691
0.010
Why?
Centrifugation, Density Gradient
1
1974
116
0.010
Why?
Transformation, Genetic
1
1974
39
0.010
Why?
Models, Biological
1
1979
1796
0.010
Why?
Shapiro's Networks
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