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Michael Z. Ludwig

Concepts (339)

Concepts are derived automatically from a person's publications.
Concepts are listed by decreasing relevance which is based on many factors, including how many publications the person wrote about that topic, how long ago those publications were written, and how many publications other people have written on that same topic.


Name Number of Publications Most Recent Publication Publications by All Authors Concept Score Why?
Homeodomain Proteins
17
2020
536
1.740
Why?
Drosophila Proteins
21
2020
488
1.650
Why?
Drosophila melanogaster
21
2020
599
1.570
Why?
Transcription Factors
22
2020
1565
1.300
Why?
Enhancer Elements, Genetic
9
2014
267
1.060
Why?
Body Patterning
7
2015
209
0.920
Why?
Drosophila
8
2010
498
0.780
Why?
Bladder Exstrophy
6
2017
10
0.760
Why?
Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
12
2020
623
0.570
Why?
Evolution, Molecular
7
2014
813
0.570
Why?
DNA-Binding Proteins
7
2020
1208
0.560
Why?
Nuclear Proteins
5
2018
696
0.530
Why?
Genetic Variation
6
2016
1351
0.510
Why?
Molecular Sequence Data
18
2014
3030
0.500
Why?
Penetrance
2
2015
44
0.490
Why?
Binding Sites
11
2014
1098
0.470
Why?
Bacterial Proteins
5
2001
864
0.470
Why?
MafB Transcription Factor
1
2013
6
0.460
Why?
Osteolysis
1
2013
14
0.460
Why?
Base Sequence
14
2014
2330
0.350
Why?
Epispadias
4
2014
5
0.350
Why?
Embryo, Mammalian
5
2020
207
0.350
Why?
Animals
39
2020
26590
0.330
Why?
Amino Acid Sequence
10
2013
2062
0.310
Why?
Insect Proteins
3
2003
88
0.300
Why?
LIM-Homeodomain Proteins
2
2017
21
0.280
Why?
Polymorphism, Genetic
5
2014
819
0.270
Why?
Proto-Oncogene Proteins
2
2020
645
0.270
Why?
Repressor Proteins
4
2020
403
0.260
Why?
Wnt3 Protein
2
2015
13
0.260
Why?
Exons
3
2005
450
0.260
Why?
Genes, Insect
6
2015
183
0.250
Why?
Anus, Imperforate
2
2015
11
0.250
Why?
Biological Evolution
3
2011
919
0.250
Why?
DNA Helicases
2
2020
79
0.240
Why?
Mutation
9
2016
3968
0.240
Why?
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
4
2017
2271
0.230
Why?
Tumor Suppressor Proteins
3
2017
279
0.230
Why?
Proinsulin
2
2013
124
0.230
Why?
Sequence Alignment
5
2014
351
0.230
Why?
Hypospadias
1
2003
5
0.230
Why?
Fanconi Syndrome
1
2003
3
0.230
Why?
DNA, Intergenic
1
2002
25
0.220
Why?
Chloride Channels
1
2003
42
0.220
Why?
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
1
2003
34
0.220
Why?
Bacillus subtilis
2
2001
89
0.220
Why?
Pedigree
5
2013
966
0.220
Why?
Hand Deformities
1
2002
1
0.220
Why?
Foot Deformities
1
2002
6
0.210
Why?
Protein Conformation
4
2015
881
0.210
Why?
Peptides
2
2004
639
0.210
Why?
Trans-Activators
2
2018
429
0.210
Why?
Urogenital Abnormalities
1
2002
19
0.210
Why?
Exome
2
2020
127
0.210
Why?
Selection, Genetic
4
2011
502
0.210
Why?
Escherichia coli
3
2001
597
0.210
Why?
Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
1
2002
135
0.210
Why?
Alleles
7
2020
1128
0.200
Why?
Zinc
1
2001
92
0.200
Why?
Heart Defects, Congenital
2
2015
351
0.200
Why?
Photoreceptor Cells, Invertebrate
1
2020
21
0.190
Why?
Species Specificity
5
2010
678
0.190
Why?
Tracheoesophageal Fistula
1
2020
11
0.190
Why?
Esophageal Atresia
1
2020
13
0.190
Why?
MAP Kinase Signaling System
1
2020
192
0.180
Why?
Nucleotidyltransferases
1
1999
29
0.180
Why?
Hyperhomocysteinemia
1
1999
11
0.170
Why?
Oxidoreductases Acting on CH-NH Group Donors
1
1999
19
0.170
Why?
Carrier Proteins
1
2003
673
0.170
Why?
Folic Acid
1
1999
60
0.170
Why?
Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases
3
1997
23
0.170
Why?
Models, Molecular
6
2015
1286
0.170
Why?
Radius
2
2015
29
0.160
Why?
Forkhead Box Protein O3
1
2018
20
0.160
Why?
Myosin-Light-Chain Kinase
1
2018
41
0.160
Why?
Mutation, Missense
2
2013
276
0.160
Why?
Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
2
2018
379
0.160
Why?
Gene Expression Profiling
3
2020
1384
0.160
Why?
Esophagus
2
2015
102
0.150
Why?
Transgenes
3
2013
180
0.150
Why?
Nerve Tissue Proteins
1
2020
503
0.150
Why?
Spine
2
2015
100
0.150
Why?
Trachea
2
2015
293
0.150
Why?
Kidney
4
2015
1240
0.150
Why?
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins
1
2018
199
0.150
Why?
Genetic Association Studies
2
2015
294
0.150
Why?
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16
1
2016
79
0.150
Why?
Organogenesis
1
2017
41
0.150
Why?
Urinary Tract
1
2017
34
0.140
Why?
Methylmalonyl-CoA Mutase
1
1996
1
0.140
Why?
5-Methyltetrahydrofolate-Homocysteine S-Methyltransferase
1
1996
2
0.140
Why?
Mesoderm
1
2017
108
0.140
Why?
Autophagy
1
2018
149
0.140
Why?
Zebrafish
2
2017
309
0.140
Why?
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
2
2011
30
0.140
Why?
In Situ Hybridization
5
2014
307
0.140
Why?
DNA Mutational Analysis
5
2015
526
0.140
Why?
Conserved Sequence
4
2014
210
0.140
Why?
Diabetes Mellitus
2
2013
806
0.140
Why?
Mice
12
2020
11356
0.140
Why?
Limb Deformities, Congenital
1
2015
21
0.130
Why?
Urinary Bladder
3
2014
246
0.130
Why?
Cloaca
1
2015
4
0.130
Why?
Male
19
2016
40983
0.130
Why?
Point Mutation
1
1996
246
0.130
Why?
Genes, Homeobox
1
1995
81
0.130
Why?
Phenotype
6
2015
2380
0.130
Why?
Signal Transduction
3
2018
3243
0.130
Why?
Anal Canal
1
2015
89
0.130
Why?
Humans
27
2020
86656
0.130
Why?
Forkhead Transcription Factors
1
2015
166
0.120
Why?
Chromosome Duplication
1
2014
8
0.120
Why?
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22
1
2014
43
0.120
Why?
Cell Differentiation
1
2020
1458
0.120
Why?
Organ Specificity
2
2011
258
0.120
Why?
Animals, Genetically Modified
3
2013
181
0.120
Why?
Diptera
1
2014
44
0.120
Why?
Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone
1
2014
58
0.120
Why?
Wnt Proteins
1
2014
123
0.120
Why?
Hand Bones
1
2013
1
0.120
Why?
Syndrome
3
2004
446
0.120
Why?
Colonic Neoplasms
1
2018
557
0.120
Why?
Schizophrenia
1
2016
464
0.110
Why?
Apoptosis
2
2018
1683
0.110
Why?
Radiography
2
2013
811
0.110
Why?
Chromosome Mapping
2
1993
1074
0.110
Why?
Genome-Wide Association Study
3
2015
1621
0.110
Why?
Androgen-Binding Protein
1
2012
7
0.110
Why?
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
1
2018
1197
0.110
Why?
Female
19
2018
44546
0.110
Why?
Diseases in Twins
1
2012
65
0.110
Why?
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
1
2014
302
0.110
Why?
Gene Rearrangement
1
2013
170
0.110
Why?
Prune Belly Syndrome
1
2011
3
0.100
Why?
Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
1
1993
214
0.100
Why?
Receptor, Muscarinic M3
1
2011
12
0.100
Why?
Genes, Lethal
1
2011
53
0.100
Why?
Ejaculation
1
1991
9
0.100
Why?
Insect Hormones
1
1991
28
0.100
Why?
Genitalia, Male
1
1991
24
0.100
Why?
Genetic Fitness
1
2011
37
0.100
Why?
Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
3
2011
173
0.100
Why?
Ovum
2
2011
58
0.100
Why?
Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
3
2005
416
0.100
Why?
Cysteine-Rich Protein 61
1
2010
5
0.100
Why?
Sex Characteristics
1
2013
319
0.090
Why?
Cell Cycle Proteins
3
2017
388
0.090
Why?
DNA
3
2003
1294
0.090
Why?
Membrane Proteins
1
2017
1196
0.090
Why?
Gene Expression Regulation
2
2005
1921
0.090
Why?
Protein Folding
3
2013
282
0.090
Why?
Janus Kinases
1
2009
23
0.080
Why?
Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic
1
2008
8
0.080
Why?
Infant, Small for Gestational Age
1
2008
28
0.080
Why?
Genomic Imprinting
1
2008
33
0.080
Why?
Prostate
1
2012
378
0.080
Why?
Recombinant Proteins
2
2001
1015
0.080
Why?
Protein Isoforms
2
2020
270
0.080
Why?
Introns
2
2013
289
0.080
Why?
Embryo, Nonmammalian
3
2015
193
0.080
Why?
Gene Expression
4
2015
1284
0.080
Why?
Embryonic Development
1
2007
74
0.070
Why?
RNA, Messenger
4
2015
1981
0.070
Why?
Osteochondrodysplasias
1
2005
11
0.070
Why?
Case-Control Studies
3
2015
1807
0.070
Why?
Genetic Complementation Test
1
2005
97
0.060
Why?
Foot Deformities, Congenital
1
2004
10
0.060
Why?
Hand Deformities, Congenital
1
2004
15
0.060
Why?
Wings, Animal
2
2017
95
0.060
Why?
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
1
2009
424
0.060
Why?
Sequence Analysis, DNA
3
2014
853
0.060
Why?
Breast Neoplasms
1
2018
2903
0.060
Why?
Gene Knockdown Techniques
2
2015
236
0.060
Why?
Gene Deletion
1
2005
329
0.060
Why?
Gene Regulatory Networks
2
2020
296
0.060
Why?
Grasshoppers
1
2003
13
0.060
Why?
INDEL Mutation
2
2014
30
0.060
Why?
Eye
2
2013
111
0.060
Why?
Kidney Neoplasms
1
2009
619
0.060
Why?
Caenorhabditis
1
2002
7
0.060
Why?
RNA Splicing Factors
1
2003
27
0.060
Why?
Peptide Fragments
1
2005
460
0.060
Why?
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
3
2017
2357
0.060
Why?
Carbon-Sulfur Lyases
1
2001
1
0.050
Why?
High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
2
2015
456
0.050
Why?
Amidohydrolases
1
2001
18
0.050
Why?
Adolescent
2
2013
8984
0.050
Why?
Databases, Genetic
1
2003
260
0.050
Why?
Infant, Newborn
2
2008
2379
0.050
Why?
Cloning, Molecular
2
2001
646
0.050
Why?
Endopeptidases
1
2001
116
0.050
Why?
Spatio-Temporal Analysis
1
2020
21
0.050
Why?
Phylogeny
3
2014
1137
0.050
Why?
RNA-Binding Proteins
1
2003
249
0.050
Why?
Protein Structure, Secondary
1
2001
330
0.050
Why?
Ligands
1
2001
433
0.050
Why?
Crystallography, X-Ray
1
2001
485
0.050
Why?
Cytidine Triphosphate
1
1999
3
0.050
Why?
Amino Acyl-tRNA Synthetases
1
1999
14
0.040
Why?
Crystallography
1
1999
45
0.040
Why?
Models, Animal
1
2020
263
0.040
Why?
Dimerization
1
1999
143
0.040
Why?
Flavin-Adenine Dinucleotide
1
1999
7
0.040
Why?
Immunohistochemistry
2
2015
1753
0.040
Why?
Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors
2
2010
93
0.040
Why?
Genes, Reporter
1
2000
268
0.040
Why?
Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)
1
1999
26
0.040
Why?
Chikungunya virus
1
1998
3
0.040
Why?
Alphavirus Infections
1
1998
4
0.040
Why?
Sex Factors
2
2011
1054
0.040
Why?
Consanguinity
2
2011
73
0.040
Why?
Carboxylesterase
3
1997
10
0.040
Why?
X-Ray Diffraction
1
1999
124
0.040
Why?
Prevalence
1
2003
1239
0.040
Why?
Genome, Viral
1
1998
74
0.040
Why?
Structure-Activity Relationship
1
1999
408
0.040
Why?
Sensitivity and Specificity
1
2003
1991
0.040
Why?
Tissue Distribution
2
2012
290
0.040
Why?
Transcription, Genetic
3
2014
1135
0.040
Why?
Cytoplasm
1
2018
281
0.040
Why?
Pronephros
1
2017
2
0.040
Why?
Imaginal Discs
1
2017
11
0.040
Why?
Neurofibromin 2
1
2017
30
0.040
Why?
Germany
1
2016
72
0.040
Why?
Disease Models, Animal
2
2013
2231
0.040
Why?
Larva
1
2017
118
0.040
Why?
Methylmalonic Acid
1
1996
6
0.040
Why?
Vitamin B 12
1
1996
24
0.040
Why?
Cell Polarity
1
2017
115
0.040
Why?
Tumor Cells, Cultured
1
2018
1041
0.030
Why?
Cohort Studies
1
2003
2768
0.030
Why?
Nucleotides
1
1996
95
0.030
Why?
Cilia
1
2015
29
0.030
Why?
DNA Copy Number Variations
1
2016
171
0.030
Why?
NIH 3T3 Cells
1
2015
105
0.030
Why?
Heterozygote
1
1996
365
0.030
Why?
Risk Assessment
1
2003
2264
0.030
Why?
Open Reading Frames
1
2015
117
0.030
Why?
Gene Frequency
1
2016
677
0.030
Why?
Gene Order
1
2014
22
0.030
Why?
Genitalia
1
2014
21
0.030
Why?
Caenorhabditis elegans
1
1996
223
0.030
Why?
Sulfotransferases
1
2013
19
0.030
Why?
Heparitin Sulfate
1
2013
27
0.030
Why?
Protein Transport
1
2015
411
0.030
Why?
Glucose Dehydrogenases
1
1993
2
0.030
Why?
Glucose 1-Dehydrogenase
1
1993
2
0.030
Why?
Sequence Deletion
1
2014
205
0.030
Why?
Epistasis, Genetic
1
2013
86
0.030
Why?
Dosage Compensation, Genetic
1
2013
17
0.030
Why?
Urethra
1
2014
113
0.030
Why?
Transcription Initiation Site
1
2013
45
0.030
Why?
Gene Dosage
1
2013
207
0.030
Why?
Quantitative Trait, Heritable
1
2013
124
0.030
Why?
RNA, Untranslated
1
2013
63
0.030
Why?
Epithelial Cells
1
2017
669
0.030
Why?
Twins, Dizygotic
1
2012
40
0.030
Why?
Cluster Analysis
1
2013
369
0.030
Why?
Twins, Monozygotic
1
2012
57
0.030
Why?
RNA Interference
1
2013
369
0.030
Why?
Genetic Speciation
1
2014
113
0.030
Why?
Bacteria
1
1996
447
0.030
Why?
Bayes Theorem
1
2014
361
0.030
Why?
Odds Ratio
1
2014
680
0.030
Why?
Computational Biology
1
2015
528
0.030
Why?
Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction
1
2011
21
0.030
Why?
Frameshift Mutation
1
2011
51
0.030
Why?
Haplotypes
1
2014
642
0.030
Why?
Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
1
2014
689
0.030
Why?
Sex Determination Analysis
1
1991
18
0.030
Why?
Genome
2
2013
372
0.030
Why?
RNA
1
2015
560
0.020
Why?
Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
1
1991
268
0.020
Why?
Blastoderm
1
2011
33
0.020
Why?
Cell Proliferation
1
2017
1579
0.020
Why?
Adult
2
2016
25656
0.020
Why?
Genotype
1
2015
1852
0.020
Why?
Genes
1
1991
305
0.020
Why?
Time Factors
2
2012
5211
0.020
Why?
Hybridization, Genetic
1
2010
104
0.020
Why?
Models, Biological
1
2017
1749
0.020
Why?
Blotting, Western
1
1991
782
0.020
Why?
DNA Primers
1
2010
543
0.020
Why?
Fushi Tarazu Transcription Factors
1
2009
4
0.020
Why?
Compound Eye, Arthropod
1
2009
7
0.020
Why?
Transcriptome
1
2013
580
0.020
Why?
Phosphoprotein Phosphatases
1
2009
57
0.020
Why?
Insulin-Like Growth Factor II
1
2008
33
0.020
Why?
Lymphocytes
1
2010
464
0.020
Why?
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
1
2010
879
0.020
Why?
Models, Genetic
1
2014
926
0.020
Why?
Nervous System
1
2009
86
0.020
Why?
Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated
1
2008
122
0.020
Why?
RNA, Long Noncoding
1
2008
109
0.020
Why?
Mice, Knockout
1
2011
1924
0.020
Why?
Antineoplastic Agents
1
2018
2360
0.020
Why?
Polymerase Chain Reaction
1
2008
928
0.020
Why?
Phosphorylation
1
2009
1106
0.020
Why?
Turkey
1
2005
20
0.020
Why?
Enalapril
1
2005
18
0.020
Why?
Child
2
2008
6928
0.020
Why?
Nephrotic Syndrome
1
2005
33
0.020
Why?
Losartan
1
2005
42
0.020
Why?
Genes, Recessive
1
2005
87
0.020
Why?
Amino Acid Motifs
1
2005
116
0.020
Why?
Arginine
1
2005
136
0.020
Why?
Homozygote
1
2005
200
0.020
Why?
Oocytes
2
2003
221
0.020
Why?
Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers
1
2005
90
0.020
Why?
Trinucleotide Repeats
1
2004
31
0.020
Why?
Protein Denaturation
1
2004
106
0.020
Why?
Amino Acid Substitution
1
2005
339
0.020
Why?
Mice, Mutant Strains
1
2004
229
0.020
Why?
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
1
2005
231
0.020
Why?
Cell Line
1
2009
2469
0.020
Why?
DNA Methylation
1
2008
628
0.010
Why?
Genetic Linkage
1
2005
623
0.010
Why?
Protein Structure, Tertiary
1
2005
736
0.010
Why?
Juvenile Hormones
1
2003
4
0.010
Why?
RNA Splicing
1
2004
142
0.010
Why?
Proteins
1
2008
777
0.010
Why?
Protein Biosynthesis
1
2004
378
0.010
Why?
Recombination, Genetic
1
2004
439
0.010
Why?
Stem Cells
1
2004
351
0.010
Why?
Biopsy
1
2005
1163
0.010
Why?
Child, Preschool
1
2008
3613
0.010
Why?
Insect Vectors
1
1998
9
0.010
Why?
Culicidae
1
1998
8
0.010
Why?
Uganda
1
1998
34
0.010
Why?
Vero Cells
1
1998
100
0.010
Why?
Follow-Up Studies
1
2005
3642
0.010
Why?
Middle Aged
1
2016
25035
0.010
Why?
beta-Galactosidase
1
1997
71
0.010
Why?
Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid
1
1997
148
0.010
Why?
Treatment Outcome
1
2005
7998
0.010
Why?
Physical Chromosome Mapping
1
1983
27
0.000
Why?
Poly A
1
1983
23
0.000
Why?
Xenopus laevis
1
1983
137
0.000
Why?
Isoenzymes
1
1983
271
0.000
Why?
Ludwig's Networks
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