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Richard Kraig

Concepts (364)

Concepts are derived automatically from a person's publications.

Concepts are listed by decreasing relevance which is based on many factors, including how many publications the person wrote about that topic, how long ago those publications were written, and how many publications other people have written on that same topic.

Name Number of Publications Most Recent Publication Publications by All Authors Concept Score Why?
Cortical Spreading Depression
16
2017
21
4.540
Why?
Hippocampus
23
2015
410
3.880
Why?
Microglia
11
2015
72
3.240
Why?
Exosomes
5
2016
42
3.130
Why?
Neocortex
6
2017
80
2.560
Why?
Astrocytes
14
2011
135
2.110
Why?
Myelin Sheath
4
2016
78
2.030
Why?
Rats, Wistar
23
2017
297
1.960
Why?
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
3
2017
111
1.870
Why?
Rats
50
2015
4176
1.680
Why?
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
6
2014
634
1.660
Why?
Oxidative Stress
6
2016
356
1.460
Why?
Neuroprotective Agents
3
2017
91
1.290
Why?
Interferon-gamma
4
2015
410
1.270
Why?
Central Nervous System
2
2016
143
1.230
Why?
Environment
2
2016
213
1.180
Why?
Evoked Potentials
5
2012
182
1.090
Why?
Neurons
8
2013
1489
1.070
Why?
Animals
66
2017
24513
1.030
Why?
Migraine Disorders
2
2011
28
1.020
Why?
Oligodendroglia
4
2013
139
0.950
Why?
Cytokines
6
2014
629
0.940
Why?
Tissue Culture Techniques
4
2015
76
0.920
Why?
MicroRNAs
5
2016
446
0.920
Why?
Organ Culture Techniques
10
2013
145
0.810
Why?
Signal Transduction
6
2014
3013
0.800
Why?
Demyelinating Diseases
2
2013
69
0.760
Why?
Membrane Potentials
7
2014
468
0.750
Why?
Brain Ischemia
8
2001
277
0.740
Why?
Leukocytes
1
2016
179
0.670
Why?
Interleukin-11
2
2014
20
0.670
Why?
Pyramidal Cells
2
2005
56
0.640
Why?
Cells, Cultured
10
2016
2786
0.640
Why?
Dendritic Cells
2
2016
354
0.630
Why?
Gliosis
4
2016
34
0.620
Why?
Cold Temperature
2
2010
157
0.610
Why?
Immunohistochemistry
14
2013
1692
0.610
Why?
Interferon-alpha
1
2013
233
0.570
Why?
Brain
12
2016
1881
0.570
Why?
Inflammation
3
2016
690
0.560
Why?
Immunologic Factors
1
2014
136
0.550
Why?
Biophysical Phenomena
1
2012
126
0.540
Why?
Depression
1
2015
327
0.540
Why?
Multiple Sclerosis
1
2014
230
0.540
Why?
Animals, Newborn
6
2013
522
0.520
Why?
Calcium
6
2004
1194
0.500
Why?
Bicarbonates
6
1994
63
0.500
Why?
Microelectrodes
8
2014
73
0.500
Why?
Models, Immunological
1
2011
84
0.500
Why?
Extracellular Space
9
1994
105
0.500
Why?
Cerebral Cortex
7
1996
539
0.490
Why?
Models, Neurological
2
2011
358
0.480
Why?
Intracellular Fluid
5
1991
37
0.480
Why?
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
17
1994
538
0.470
Why?
Electric Stimulation
7
2012
348
0.450
Why?
Trigeminal Caudal Nucleus
2
2003
3
0.450
Why?
Interleukin-1
2
1999
73
0.430
Why?
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos
3
2003
61
0.420
Why?
Phosphopyruvate Hydratase
4
2012
44
0.410
Why?
Cell Movement
2
2011
697
0.410
Why?
Cell Death
3
2011
246
0.400
Why?
Endocytosis
1
2008
183
0.400
Why?
Chloride Channels
2
1998
44
0.390
Why?
Microspheres
2
2004
163
0.380
Why?
Immunoglobulin G
1
2008
409
0.370
Why?
Dinoprostone
3
2008
67
0.370
Why?
Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases
2
1996
36
0.360
Why?
Male
27
2017
36573
0.360
Why?
Hyperglycemia
4
1997
176
0.360
Why?
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
4
2010
59
0.350
Why?
Acid-Base Equilibrium
5
1997
34
0.350
Why?
Blood-Brain Barrier
2
2017
60
0.330
Why?
Potassium Chloride
4
2017
88
0.320
Why?
Axons
3
2016
157
0.320
Why?
Rats, Inbred Strains
13
1991
341
0.320
Why?
Glutathione
2
2015
106
0.320
Why?
N-Methylaspartate
4
2012
63
0.320
Why?
Body Fluids
3
1989
42
0.310
Why?
Acidosis
4
2001
60
0.310
Why?
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
3
2014
1317
0.300
Why?
Neurotoxins
2
2008
54
0.300
Why?
Migraine with Aura
1
2003
1
0.300
Why?
Potassium
5
1991
287
0.300
Why?
Pregnancy
4
2013
2408
0.290
Why?
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
1
2004
370
0.290
Why?
Cerebellum
6
1988
225
0.290
Why?
Calcium Signaling
1
2004
117
0.290
Why?
Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated
1
2004
106
0.290
Why?
Lactates
7
1989
42
0.280
Why?
Brain Diseases
2
2017
181
0.280
Why?
Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I
2
2013
41
0.270
Why?
Calcium Channels
1
2004
197
0.270
Why?
Minocycline
2
2014
18
0.270
Why?
Neuronal Plasticity
1
2004
209
0.260
Why?
Carbon Dioxide
5
1994
195
0.260
Why?
Synapses
2
2011
304
0.260
Why?
Lipopolysaccharides
3
2016
250
0.260
Why?
Neuroglia
3
2017
107
0.250
Why?
Antibodies
2
2014
345
0.250
Why?
Electrophysiology
7
2004
429
0.250
Why?
Nerve Net
1
2004
300
0.240
Why?
Gene Expression Regulation
3
2016
1789
0.240
Why?
Stem Cells
2
2013
308
0.230
Why?
Gene Expression Profiling
2
2016
1226
0.230
Why?
Receptors, Prostaglandin E
1
1999
5
0.230
Why?
Time Factors
5
2012
4989
0.220
Why?
Hydrogen
3
1989
52
0.220
Why?
Analysis of Variance
2
2012
927
0.220
Why?
Trigeminal Nuclei
1
1998
4
0.210
Why?
T-Lymphocytes
2
2016
1137
0.210
Why?
4-Aminopyridine
1
1998
35
0.210
Why?
Cell Differentiation
3
2013
1346
0.210
Why?
Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists
3
2012
52
0.210
Why?
Patch-Clamp Techniques
4
2005
441
0.210
Why?
Potassium Channel Blockers
1
1998
61
0.210
Why?
Action Potentials
4
2012
550
0.200
Why?
Administration, Intranasal
1
2017
113
0.200
Why?
RNA, Messenger
3
2014
1908
0.200
Why?
Nitric Oxide Synthase
1
1998
124
0.200
Why?
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
3
2012
2005
0.200
Why?
Lipoxygenase
1
1996
8
0.200
Why?
Random Allocation
1
2017
347
0.190
Why?
Nasal Mucosa
1
2017
182
0.190
Why?
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
1
2017
90
0.190
Why?
Eicosanoids
1
1996
16
0.190
Why?
Translational Medical Research
1
2017
100
0.180
Why?
Isoenzymes
1
1996
271
0.170
Why?
Fluorescent Dyes
2
2012
242
0.170
Why?
Benzylidene Compounds
1
2014
2
0.170
Why?
Microscopy, Confocal
2
2013
271
0.170
Why?
Actins
1
1998
391
0.170
Why?
Aniline Compounds
1
2014
33
0.170
Why?
Sphingomyelin Phosphodiesterase
1
2014
29
0.160
Why?
Enzyme Inhibitors
2
2014
640
0.160
Why?
Ion Channel Gating
1
1998
322
0.160
Why?
Spleen
1
2016
484
0.160
Why?
Central Nervous System Agents
1
2014
15
0.160
Why?
Nitric Oxide
1
1996
256
0.160
Why?
Housing, Animal
1
2014
22
0.160
Why?
Inflammation Mediators
2
2012
130
0.160
Why?
Brain Chemistry
1
1994
119
0.160
Why?
Rats, Inbred WKY
1
2013
31
0.160
Why?
Lysophosphatidylcholines
1
2013
17
0.160
Why?
Cerebrovascular Circulation
2
2011
180
0.150
Why?
Tissue Fixation
1
2013
33
0.150
Why?
Neural Stem Cells
1
2013
55
0.150
Why?
Electrophysiological Phenomena
1
2013
38
0.150
Why?
Quantum Dots
1
2012
25
0.140
Why?
CA3 Region, Hippocampal
1
2012
4
0.140
Why?
Intracellular Membranes
2
1990
115
0.140
Why?
Portacaval Shunt, Surgical
1
1991
12
0.140
Why?
Cerebellar Nuclei
1
1991
6
0.140
Why?
Serum
1
2012
25
0.140
Why?
Female
8
2013
38625
0.140
Why?
Biophysics
1
2012
156
0.130
Why?
Oxidants
1
2012
87
0.130
Why?
Lymph Nodes
1
2016
489
0.130
Why?
Hydrogen Peroxide
1
2012
152
0.130
Why?
Neural Pathways
2
2004
254
0.130
Why?
Plant Lectins
1
2011
13
0.130
Why?
Endotoxins
1
2011
35
0.130
Why?
Paracrine Communication
1
2011
22
0.130
Why?
Cerebral Arteries
1
2011
79
0.130
Why?
Muscles
1
1991
177
0.130
Why?
Cerebral Infarction
2
1991
58
0.130
Why?
Culture Media, Serum-Free
1
2010
21
0.130
Why?
Environmental Exposure
1
2013
238
0.130
Why?
Cell Shape
1
2011
48
0.130
Why?
Vasodilation
1
2011
90
0.130
Why?
Vasoconstriction
1
2011
97
0.130
Why?
CA1 Region, Hippocampal
1
2010
16
0.130
Why?
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
2
2013
1130
0.120
Why?
Indoles
1
1993
288
0.120
Why?
Organic Chemicals
1
2010
34
0.120
Why?
Sulfonamides
1
1993
272
0.120
Why?
B-Lymphocytes
1
2016
724
0.120
Why?
Reactive Oxygen Species
1
2013
417
0.120
Why?
Cell Count
2
2003
210
0.120
Why?
Brain Injuries
1
2011
125
0.110
Why?
Temperature
1
2010
397
0.110
Why?
Lysosomal-Associated Membrane Protein 1
1
2008
5
0.110
Why?
Ectodysplasins
1
2008
5
0.110
Why?
rab GTP-Binding Proteins
1
2008
23
0.110
Why?
Electric Fish
1
1988
4
0.110
Why?
Interleukin-1beta
1
2008
63
0.110
Why?
Aging
1
2013
637
0.110
Why?
Nerve Degeneration
1
1988
72
0.100
Why?
Disease Models, Animal
1
2015
1991
0.100
Why?
Proteins
1
2014
738
0.100
Why?
Blotting, Western
2
2004
812
0.100
Why?
Chronic Disease
1
2011
845
0.100
Why?
Functional Laterality
2
2003
215
0.100
Why?
4,4'-Diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-Disulfonic Acid
2
1998
19
0.100
Why?
Ammonia
1
1987
40
0.100
Why?
Indicators and Reagents
2
2001
73
0.100
Why?
Protein Denaturation
1
1987
113
0.100
Why?
Zinc
2
1998
88
0.090
Why?
Chlorides
3
1994
110
0.090
Why?
Carbonic Acid
1
1986
1
0.090
Why?
Carbonates
1
1986
5
0.090
Why?
Insulin
1
2012
1108
0.090
Why?
Stress, Physiological
1
2008
217
0.090
Why?
Adenosine Triphosphate
2
1998
279
0.090
Why?
Up-Regulation
2
2011
640
0.090
Why?
Fishes
3
1978
118
0.090
Why?
Neurofilament Proteins
1
2005
17
0.090
Why?
Styrenes
1
2005
8
0.090
Why?
Glucose
1
2008
576
0.090
Why?
Lactic Acid
4
1989
112
0.080
Why?
Sodium Acetate
1
2004
1
0.080
Why?
Calcium Channels, Q-Type
1
2004
7
0.080
Why?
Statistics, Nonparametric
1
2005
312
0.080
Why?
Immunoassay
1
2004
79
0.080
Why?
Calcium Channels, P-Type
1
2004
9
0.080
Why?
Tetrodotoxin
1
2004
53
0.080
Why?
Reference Standards
1
2004
105
0.080
Why?
Lysine
1
2005
127
0.080
Why?
Dentate Gyrus
1
2004
31
0.080
Why?
Homeostasis
2
2004
358
0.080
Why?
Anesthetics, Local
1
2004
73
0.070
Why?
Nerve Tissue Proteins
1
1987
501
0.070
Why?
Vasodilator Agents
2
2011
165
0.070
Why?
Reference Values
1
2004
656
0.070
Why?
Calcium Channel Blockers
1
2004
226
0.070
Why?
Flow Cytometry
1
2004
668
0.070
Why?
Seizures
1
2004
226
0.070
Why?
Synaptic Transmission
1
2004
270
0.070
Why?
Blood Glucose
1
1985
826
0.060
Why?
Luminescent Proteins
1
2001
142
0.060
Why?
Diagnostic Imaging
1
2005
408
0.060
Why?
Green Fluorescent Proteins
1
2001
300
0.060
Why?
Humans
3
2017
70520
0.060
Why?
Menstruation-Inducing Agents
1
1999
1
0.060
Why?
Buffers
2
1991
32
0.060
Why?
Fura-2
1
1999
23
0.060
Why?
Biological Transport
2
2017
386
0.060
Why?
Second Messenger Systems
1
1999
41
0.060
Why?
Sodium
2
1978
313
0.050
Why?
Macrophage-1 Antigen
1
1998
17
0.050
Why?
Hypertonic Solutions
1
1998
18
0.050
Why?
Saline Solution, Hypertonic
1
1998
24
0.050
Why?
Gelsolin
1
1998
5
0.050
Why?
Phalloidine
1
1998
8
0.050
Why?
Cytochalasin D
1
1998
14
0.050
Why?
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I
1
1998
21
0.050
Why?
Cell Size
1
1998
61
0.050
Why?
Electric Conductivity
1
1998
150
0.050
Why?
Cyclic AMP
1
1999
269
0.050
Why?
Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
1
1999
210
0.050
Why?
Mitochondria
1
2001
462
0.050
Why?
Quinacrine
1
1996
14
0.050
Why?
Phenylephrine
1
1996
40
0.050
Why?
Nitroprusside
1
1996
40
0.050
Why?
Lipoxygenase Inhibitors
1
1996
34
0.050
Why?
Indomethacin
1
1996
61
0.050
Why?
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
1
1996
41
0.050
Why?
Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
1
1996
35
0.050
Why?
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
1
1996
37
0.050
Why?
Oxygen
2
1993
640
0.050
Why?
Antibody Specificity
1
1996
151
0.050
Why?
Cyclooxygenase 2
1
1996
89
0.050
Why?
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
1
1999
866
0.050
Why?
Entorhinal Cortex
1
1995
14
0.040
Why?
Dexamethasone
1
1996
285
0.040
Why?
Ion-Selective Electrodes
1
1994
3
0.040
Why?
Hypothalamus
1
1995
75
0.040
Why?
Amygdala
1
1995
63
0.040
Why?
Glucocorticoids
1
1996
320
0.040
Why?
Microscopy, Electron
2
1991
509
0.040
Why?
Sumatriptan
1
1993
2
0.040
Why?
Sensory Deprivation
1
1993
29
0.040
Why?
Meninges
1
1993
14
0.040
Why?
Genes, fos
1
1993
23
0.040
Why?
Serotonin Receptor Agonists
1
1993
18
0.040
Why?
Microinjections
1
1993
70
0.040
Why?
Nerve Fibers
1
1993
42
0.040
Why?
Sodium Chloride
1
1993
91
0.040
Why?
Luminescence
1
2012
15
0.040
Why?
Regional Blood Flow
1
1993
192
0.040
Why?
Afferent Pathways
1
1993
75
0.040
Why?
Microscopy, Electron, Transmission
1
2012
128
0.040
Why?
Motor Cortex
1
1995
206
0.030
Why?
Endosomes
1
2012
71
0.030
Why?
Logistic Models
1
1996
1046
0.030
Why?
Muscle Relaxation
1
1991
18
0.030
Why?
Electrodes
1
1991
80
0.030
Why?
Stereotaxic Techniques
1
1991
80
0.030
Why?
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
1
2011
76
0.030
Why?
Capillaries
1
1991
85
0.030
Why?
Kinetics
2
1991
1567
0.030
Why?
Blotting, Northern
1
2011
269
0.030
Why?
Immunoenzyme Techniques
1
1991
324
0.030
Why?
Drug Delivery Systems
1
2012
186
0.030
Why?
Chick Embryo
1
2011
248
0.030
Why?
Interleukin-10
1
2011
132
0.030
Why?
Frontal Lobe
1
1991
131
0.030
Why?
In Situ Hybridization
1
2011
304
0.030
Why?
Infusions, Intravenous
1
2011
423
0.030
Why?
Parietal Lobe
1
1991
109
0.030
Why?
Horseradish Peroxidase
1
1990
37
0.030
Why?
Beverages
1
1969
15
0.030
Why?
Models, Animal
1
2011
223
0.030
Why?
Embryo, Nonmammalian
1
2011
186
0.030
Why?
Somatosensory Cortex
1
1991
114
0.030
Why?
Barium
1
1989
35
0.030
Why?
Rest
1
1989
35
0.030
Why?
Polyethylene Glycols
1
2012
365
0.030
Why?
Respiration, Artificial
1
1991
275
0.030
Why?
Thiourea
1
2008
8
0.030
Why?
Cinnamates
1
2008
6
0.030
Why?
Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2
1
2008
15
0.030
Why?
Cell Survival
2
2008
949
0.030
Why?
Caffeine
1
1969
75
0.030
Why?
Protein Phosphatase 1
1
2008
30
0.030
Why?
Peptides
1
2012
604
0.030
Why?
Cell Division
1
1990
732
0.030
Why?
Photic Stimulation
1
1990
400
0.030
Why?
Immunity
1
2008
80
0.030
Why?
Gene Expression
1
1993
1227
0.030
Why?
Antigens, Differentiation
1
2008
147
0.030
Why?
Mathematics
1
1987
190
0.020
Why?
Protons
1
1987
87
0.020
Why?
Cholesterol
1
1969
423
0.020
Why?
Partial Pressure
1
1986
51
0.020
Why?
Osmolar Concentration
1
1986
190
0.020
Why?
United States
1
2017
5123
0.020
Why?
Cell Cycle Proteins
1
2008
329
0.020
Why?
Phosphorylation
1
2008
1076
0.020
Why?
Blood Pressure
1
2011
1097
0.020
Why?
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
1
2017
2783
0.020
Why?
Cell Proliferation
1
2011
1410
0.020
Why?
Tissue Distribution
1
1985
277
0.020
Why?
Glioma
1
1986
280
0.020
Why?
Acetazolamide
1
1983
9
0.020
Why?
Mammals
1
1985
139
0.020
Why?
Apoptosis
1
2011
1663
0.020
Why?
Manganese
1
1983
51
0.020
Why?
Phenotype
1
2008
2011
0.020
Why?
Mice, Inbred C57BL
1
2008
2793
0.020
Why?
Ischemia
1
1983
227
0.020
Why?
Brain Neoplasms
1
1986
707
0.020
Why?
Sucrose
2
1991
59
0.010
Why?
Electrolytes
1
1978
51
0.010
Why?
Models, Biological
1
1986
1662
0.010
Why?
Cell Membrane Permeability
1
1978
132
0.010
Why?
Nitrobenzenes
1
1976
10
0.010
Why?
Monensin
1
1976
15
0.010
Why?
Mice
1
2008
9975
0.010
Why?
Rats, Inbred SHR
1
1991
29
0.010
Why?
Body Water
1
1991
49
0.010
Why?
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
1
1991
88
0.010
Why?
Radioisotope Dilution Technique
1
1969
6
0.010
Why?
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
1
1969
4
0.010
Why?
Cholelithiasis
1
1969
33
0.010
Why?
Tea
1
1969
13
0.010
Why?
Hydrochloric Acid
1
1989
12
0.010
Why?
Solutions
1
1987
88
0.010
Why?
Injections
1
1987
104
0.010
Why?
Necrosis
1
1987
197
0.010
Why?
Dimethadione
1
1986
1
0.010
Why?
Autoradiography
1
1986
75
0.010
Why?
Capillary Permeability
1
1987
126
0.010
Why?
Rats, Inbred F344
1
1986
174
0.010
Why?
Cats
1
1978
303
0.000
Why?
Kraig's Networks
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