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Richard Kraig

Concepts (365)

Concepts are derived automatically from a person's publications.

Concepts are listed by decreasing relevance which is based on many factors, including how many publications the person wrote about that topic, how long ago those publications were written, and how many publications other people have written on that same topic.

Name Number of Publications Most Recent Publication Publications by All Authors Concept Score Why?
Cortical Spreading Depression
16
2017
21
4.720
Why?
Hippocampus
23
2015
416
4.000
Why?
Microglia
11
2015
70
3.390
Why?
Exosomes
5
2016
37
3.270
Why?
Neocortex
6
2017
78
2.670
Why?
Astrocytes
14
2011
142
2.180
Why?
Rats, Wistar
23
2017
295
2.030
Why?
Myelin Sheath
4
2016
124
2.000
Why?
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
3
2017
111
1.940
Why?
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
6
2014
625
1.730
Why?
Rats
50
2015
4191
1.720
Why?
Oxidative Stress
6
2016
350
1.510
Why?
Neuroprotective Agents
3
2017
89
1.350
Why?
Interferon-gamma
4
2015
419
1.310
Why?
Central Nervous System
2
2016
156
1.280
Why?
Environment
2
2016
207
1.230
Why?
Evoked Potentials
5
2012
179
1.130
Why?
Neurons
8
2013
1468
1.110
Why?
Animals
66
2017
24285
1.060
Why?
Migraine Disorders
2
2011
26
1.060
Why?
Cytokines
6
2014
616
0.980
Why?
Tissue Culture Techniques
4
2015
74
0.960
Why?
MicroRNAs
5
2016
449
0.940
Why?
Oligodendroglia
4
2013
178
0.930
Why?
Organ Culture Techniques
10
2013
140
0.850
Why?
Signal Transduction
6
2014
2979
0.830
Why?
Membrane Potentials
7
2014
468
0.780
Why?
Brain Ischemia
8
2001
273
0.770
Why?
Demyelinating Diseases
2
2013
85
0.760
Why?
Leukocytes
1
2016
180
0.700
Why?
Interleukin-11
2
2014
20
0.690
Why?
Pyramidal Cells
2
2005
55
0.660
Why?
Cells, Cultured
10
2016
2785
0.660
Why?
Dendritic Cells
2
2016
354
0.650
Why?
Gliosis
4
2016
35
0.640
Why?
Cold Temperature
2
2010
156
0.630
Why?
Immunohistochemistry
14
2013
1695
0.630
Why?
Interferon-alpha
1
2013
239
0.590
Why?
Brain
12
2016
1854
0.590
Why?
Immunologic Factors
1
2014
122
0.580
Why?
Inflammation
3
2016
681
0.580
Why?
Biophysical Phenomena
1
2012
125
0.570
Why?
Depression
1
2015
324
0.560
Why?
Multiple Sclerosis
1
2014
233
0.560
Why?
Animals, Newborn
6
2013
520
0.540
Why?
Bicarbonates
6
1994
59
0.520
Why?
Models, Immunological
1
2011
85
0.520
Why?
Microelectrodes
8
2014
74
0.520
Why?
Calcium
6
2004
1188
0.520
Why?
Extracellular Space
9
1994
106
0.520
Why?
Cerebral Cortex
7
1996
527
0.510
Why?
Models, Neurological
2
2011
352
0.500
Why?
Intracellular Fluid
5
1991
38
0.500
Why?
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
17
1994
529
0.490
Why?
Electric Stimulation
7
2012
347
0.470
Why?
Trigeminal Caudal Nucleus
2
2003
3
0.460
Why?
Interleukin-1
2
1999
72
0.450
Why?
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos
3
2003
61
0.440
Why?
Cell Movement
2
2011
677
0.430
Why?
Phosphopyruvate Hydratase
4
2012
49
0.430
Why?
Cell Death
3
2011
256
0.410
Why?
Endocytosis
1
2008
185
0.410
Why?
Chloride Channels
2
1998
44
0.400
Why?
Microspheres
2
2004
157
0.400
Why?
Dinoprostone
3
2008
66
0.390
Why?
Immunoglobulin G
1
2008
410
0.390
Why?
Male
27
2017
35468
0.380
Why?
Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases
2
1996
38
0.380
Why?
Hyperglycemia
4
1997
171
0.380
Why?
Acid-Base Equilibrium
5
1997
32
0.370
Why?
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
4
2010
64
0.360
Why?
Blood-Brain Barrier
2
2017
60
0.340
Why?
Potassium Chloride
4
2017
88
0.340
Why?
Rats, Inbred Strains
13
1991
341
0.330
Why?
N-Methylaspartate
4
2012
61
0.330
Why?
Glutathione
2
2015
107
0.330
Why?
Axons
3
2016
178
0.330
Why?
Body Fluids
3
1989
43
0.320
Why?
Acidosis
4
2001
61
0.320
Why?
Neurotoxins
2
2008
53
0.310
Why?
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
3
2014
1309
0.310
Why?
Migraine with Aura
1
2003
1
0.310
Why?
Potassium
5
1991
285
0.310
Why?
Pregnancy
4
2013
2372
0.310
Why?
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
1
2004
377
0.310
Why?
Cerebellum
6
1988
226
0.300
Why?
Calcium Signaling
1
2004
116
0.300
Why?
Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated
1
2004
108
0.300
Why?
Lactates
7
1989
42
0.300
Why?
Brain Diseases
2
2017
181
0.290
Why?
Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I
2
2013
38
0.290
Why?
Calcium Channels
1
2004
199
0.280
Why?
Minocycline
2
2014
16
0.280
Why?
Neuronal Plasticity
1
2004
196
0.270
Why?
Carbon Dioxide
5
1994
192
0.270
Why?
Synapses
2
2011
297
0.270
Why?
Lipopolysaccharides
3
2016
249
0.270
Why?
Antibodies
2
2014
340
0.260
Why?
Neuroglia
3
2017
113
0.260
Why?
Nerve Net
1
2004
276
0.260
Why?
Electrophysiology
7
2004
430
0.250
Why?
Gene Expression Regulation
3
2016
1784
0.250
Why?
Stem Cells
2
2013
305
0.240
Why?
Gene Expression Profiling
2
2016
1210
0.240
Why?
Receptors, Prostaglandin E
1
1999
5
0.230
Why?
Time Factors
5
2012
4867
0.230
Why?
Hydrogen
3
1989
51
0.230
Why?
Trigeminal Nuclei
1
1998
4
0.220
Why?
Analysis of Variance
2
2012
930
0.220
Why?
T-Lymphocytes
2
2016
1127
0.220
Why?
4-Aminopyridine
1
1998
36
0.220
Why?
Cell Differentiation
3
2013
1335
0.220
Why?
Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists
3
2012
50
0.220
Why?
Patch-Clamp Techniques
4
2005
434
0.220
Why?
Potassium Channel Blockers
1
1998
60
0.210
Why?
Action Potentials
4
2012
533
0.210
Why?
RNA, Messenger
3
2014
1900
0.210
Why?
Administration, Intranasal
1
2017
112
0.210
Why?
Nitric Oxide Synthase
1
1998
124
0.200
Why?
Lipoxygenase
1
1996
8
0.200
Why?
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
3
2012
1983
0.200
Why?
Random Allocation
1
2017
347
0.200
Why?
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
1
2017
88
0.200
Why?
Nasal Mucosa
1
2017
184
0.200
Why?
Eicosanoids
1
1996
16
0.190
Why?
Translational Medical Research
1
2017
98
0.180
Why?
Isoenzymes
1
1996
271
0.180
Why?
Fluorescent Dyes
2
2012
237
0.180
Why?
Benzylidene Compounds
1
2014
2
0.180
Why?
Microscopy, Confocal
2
2013
282
0.170
Why?
Actins
1
1998
389
0.170
Why?
Aniline Compounds
1
2014
33
0.170
Why?
Sphingomyelin Phosphodiesterase
1
2014
28
0.170
Why?
Enzyme Inhibitors
2
2014
635
0.170
Why?
Ion Channel Gating
1
1998
319
0.170
Why?
Spleen
1
2016
487
0.170
Why?
Central Nervous System Agents
1
2014
15
0.170
Why?
Nitric Oxide
1
1996
253
0.170
Why?
Housing, Animal
1
2014
22
0.170
Why?
Brain Chemistry
1
1994
122
0.160
Why?
Inflammation Mediators
2
2012
134
0.160
Why?
Rats, Inbred WKY
1
2013
31
0.160
Why?
Lysophosphatidylcholines
1
2013
17
0.160
Why?
Cerebrovascular Circulation
2
2011
175
0.160
Why?
Neural Stem Cells
1
2013
46
0.160
Why?
Tissue Fixation
1
2013
33
0.160
Why?
Electrophysiological Phenomena
1
2013
36
0.150
Why?
CA3 Region, Hippocampal
1
2012
4
0.150
Why?
Quantum Dots
1
2012
25
0.150
Why?
Intracellular Membranes
2
1990
117
0.140
Why?
Portacaval Shunt, Surgical
1
1991
12
0.140
Why?
Female
8
2013
37382
0.140
Why?
Cerebellar Nuclei
1
1991
6
0.140
Why?
Serum
1
2012
23
0.140
Why?
Lymph Nodes
1
2016
459
0.140
Why?
Biophysics
1
2012
154
0.140
Why?
Oxidants
1
2012
89
0.140
Why?
Hydrogen Peroxide
1
2012
148
0.140
Why?
Neural Pathways
2
2004
250
0.140
Why?
Plant Lectins
1
2011
13
0.140
Why?
Endotoxins
1
2011
36
0.140
Why?
Environmental Exposure
1
2013
218
0.140
Why?
Paracrine Communication
1
2011
20
0.130
Why?
Cerebral Arteries
1
2011
79
0.130
Why?
Cerebral Infarction
2
1991
57
0.130
Why?
Muscles
1
1991
180
0.130
Why?
Culture Media, Serum-Free
1
2010
21
0.130
Why?
Vasodilation
1
2011
83
0.130
Why?
Cell Shape
1
2011
46
0.130
Why?
Vasoconstriction
1
2011
94
0.130
Why?
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
2
2013
1100
0.130
Why?
CA1 Region, Hippocampal
1
2010
16
0.130
Why?
Organic Chemicals
1
2010
26
0.130
Why?
Indoles
1
1993
287
0.130
Why?
B-Lymphocytes
1
2016
716
0.130
Why?
Sulfonamides
1
1993
267
0.130
Why?
Reactive Oxygen Species
1
2013
401
0.120
Why?
Cell Count
2
2003
214
0.120
Why?
Brain Injuries
1
2011
123
0.120
Why?
Temperature
1
2010
395
0.120
Why?
Lysosomal-Associated Membrane Protein 1
1
2008
5
0.120
Why?
Ectodysplasins
1
2008
5
0.120
Why?
rab GTP-Binding Proteins
1
2008
26
0.110
Why?
Electric Fish
1
1988
4
0.110
Why?
Interleukin-1beta
1
2008
67
0.110
Why?
Skates (Fish)
1
1988
16
0.110
Why?
Aging
1
2013
626
0.110
Why?
Nerve Degeneration
1
1988
74
0.110
Why?
Disease Models, Animal
1
2015
1949
0.110
Why?
Proteins
1
2014
731
0.110
Why?
Blotting, Western
2
2004
822
0.110
Why?
Chronic Disease
1
2011
832
0.100
Why?
Functional Laterality
2
2003
217
0.100
Why?
4,4'-Diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-Disulfonic Acid
2
1998
19
0.100
Why?
Ammonia
1
1987
36
0.100
Why?
Indicators and Reagents
2
2001
73
0.100
Why?
Protein Denaturation
1
1987
113
0.100
Why?
Zinc
2
1998
88
0.100
Why?
Chlorides
3
1994
110
0.100
Why?
Carbonic Acid
1
1986
1
0.100
Why?
Carbonates
1
1986
5
0.100
Why?
Insulin
1
2012
1100
0.090
Why?
Stress, Physiological
1
2008
222
0.090
Why?
Adenosine Triphosphate
2
1998
289
0.090
Why?
Fishes
3
1978
111
0.090
Why?
Up-Regulation
2
2011
650
0.090
Why?
Neurofilament Proteins
1
2005
17
0.090
Why?
Styrenes
1
2005
8
0.090
Why?
Glucose
1
2008
569
0.090
Why?
Lactic Acid
4
1989
114
0.080
Why?
Sodium Acetate
1
2004
1
0.080
Why?
Calcium Channels, Q-Type
1
2004
6
0.080
Why?
Calcium Channels, P-Type
1
2004
8
0.080
Why?
Immunoassay
1
2004
81
0.080
Why?
Statistics, Nonparametric
1
2005
313
0.080
Why?
Tetrodotoxin
1
2004
53
0.080
Why?
Reference Standards
1
2004
104
0.080
Why?
Lysine
1
2005
129
0.080
Why?
Dentate Gyrus
1
2004
27
0.080
Why?
Homeostasis
2
2004
357
0.080
Why?
Anesthetics, Local
1
2004
68
0.080
Why?
Nerve Tissue Proteins
1
1987
505
0.080
Why?
Vasodilator Agents
2
2011
163
0.080
Why?
Reference Values
1
2004
663
0.070
Why?
Calcium Channel Blockers
1
2004
224
0.070
Why?
Seizures
1
2004
223
0.070
Why?
Flow Cytometry
1
2004
672
0.070
Why?
Synaptic Transmission
1
2004
266
0.070
Why?
Blood Glucose
1
1985
804
0.070
Why?
Luminescent Proteins
1
2001
144
0.060
Why?
Diagnostic Imaging
1
2005
400
0.060
Why?
Humans
3
2017
68615
0.060
Why?
Green Fluorescent Proteins
1
2001
305
0.060
Why?
Menstruation-Inducing Agents
1
1999
1
0.060
Why?
Buffers
2
1991
33
0.060
Why?
Fura-2
1
1999
23
0.060
Why?
Biological Transport
2
2017
404
0.060
Why?
Second Messenger Systems
1
1999
40
0.060
Why?
Sodium
2
1978
315
0.060
Why?
Macrophage-1 Antigen
1
1998
17
0.060
Why?
Hypertonic Solutions
1
1998
18
0.060
Why?
Saline Solution, Hypertonic
1
1998
24
0.060
Why?
Gelsolin
1
1998
5
0.060
Why?
Phalloidine
1
1998
8
0.060
Why?
Cytochalasin D
1
1998
14
0.060
Why?
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I
1
1998
21
0.050
Why?
Cell Size
1
1998
63
0.050
Why?
Electric Conductivity
1
1998
148
0.050
Why?
Cyclic AMP
1
1999
272
0.050
Why?
Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
1
1999
212
0.050
Why?
Mitochondria
1
2001
451
0.050
Why?
Quinacrine
1
1996
14
0.050
Why?
Phenylephrine
1
1996
40
0.050
Why?
Lipoxygenase Inhibitors
1
1996
32
0.050
Why?
Nitroprusside
1
1996
40
0.050
Why?
Indomethacin
1
1996
60
0.050
Why?
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
1
1996
41
0.050
Why?
Adrenergic alpha-Agonists
1
1996
37
0.050
Why?
Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
1
1996
35
0.050
Why?
Oxygen
2
1993
624
0.050
Why?
Antibody Specificity
1
1996
149
0.050
Why?
Cyclooxygenase 2
1
1996
90
0.050
Why?
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
1
1999
878
0.050
Why?
Entorhinal Cortex
1
1995
14
0.040
Why?
Dexamethasone
1
1996
279
0.040
Why?
Ion-Selective Electrodes
1
1994
3
0.040
Why?
Hypothalamus
1
1995
73
0.040
Why?
Amygdala
1
1995
66
0.040
Why?
Glucocorticoids
1
1996
319
0.040
Why?
Microscopy, Electron
2
1991
526
0.040
Why?
Sumatriptan
1
1993
2
0.040
Why?
Sensory Deprivation
1
1993
29
0.040
Why?
Meninges
1
1993
14
0.040
Why?
Genes, fos
1
1993
23
0.040
Why?
Serotonin Receptor Agonists
1
1993
19
0.040
Why?
Microinjections
1
1993
70
0.040
Why?
Nerve Fibers
1
1993
41
0.040
Why?
Sodium Chloride
1
1993
89
0.040
Why?
Luminescence
1
2012
15
0.040
Why?
Regional Blood Flow
1
1993
186
0.040
Why?
Afferent Pathways
1
1993
76
0.040
Why?
Microscopy, Electron, Transmission
1
2012
133
0.040
Why?
Motor Cortex
1
1995
200
0.040
Why?
Logistic Models
1
1996
1008
0.040
Why?
Endosomes
1
2012
81
0.040
Why?
Muscle Relaxation
1
1991
18
0.040
Why?
Electrodes
1
1991
81
0.030
Why?
Stereotaxic Techniques
1
1991
79
0.030
Why?
Capillaries
1
1991
84
0.030
Why?
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
1
2011
76
0.030
Why?
Kinetics
2
1991
1571
0.030
Why?
Immunoenzyme Techniques
1
1991
320
0.030
Why?
Blotting, Northern
1
2011
278
0.030
Why?
Drug Delivery Systems
1
2012
185
0.030
Why?
Chick Embryo
1
2011
248
0.030
Why?
Interleukin-10
1
2011
136
0.030
Why?
Parietal Lobe
1
1991
106
0.030
Why?
Frontal Lobe
1
1991
131
0.030
Why?
Infusions, Intravenous
1
2011
423
0.030
Why?
In Situ Hybridization
1
2011
304
0.030
Why?
Horseradish Peroxidase
1
1990
37
0.030
Why?
Beverages
1
1969
15
0.030
Why?
Models, Animal
1
2011
222
0.030
Why?
Embryo, Nonmammalian
1
2011
178
0.030
Why?
Somatosensory Cortex
1
1991
110
0.030
Why?
Barium
1
1989
34
0.030
Why?
Rest
1
1989
34
0.030
Why?
Polyethylene Glycols
1
2012
365
0.030
Why?
Respiration, Artificial
1
1991
272
0.030
Why?
Thiourea
1
2008
9
0.030
Why?
Cinnamates
1
2008
8
0.030
Why?
Caffeine
1
1969
73
0.030
Why?
Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-2
1
2008
21
0.030
Why?
Cell Survival
2
2008
938
0.030
Why?
Protein Phosphatase 1
1
2008
38
0.030
Why?
Peptides
1
2012
607
0.030
Why?
Cell Division
1
1990
741
0.030
Why?
Photic Stimulation
1
1990
396
0.030
Why?
Immunity
1
2008
76
0.030
Why?
Gene Expression
1
1993
1232
0.030
Why?
Antigens, Differentiation
1
2008
148
0.030
Why?
Mathematics
1
1987
193
0.030
Why?
Protons
1
1987
88
0.030
Why?
Cholesterol
1
1969
429
0.030
Why?
Partial Pressure
1
1986
51
0.020
Why?
Osmolar Concentration
1
1986
192
0.020
Why?
United States
1
2017
4886
0.020
Why?
Cell Cycle Proteins
1
2008
293
0.020
Why?
Phosphorylation
1
2008
1083
0.020
Why?
Blood Pressure
1
2011
1073
0.020
Why?
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
1
2017
2673
0.020
Why?
Cell Proliferation
1
2011
1363
0.020
Why?
Tissue Distribution
1
1985
275
0.020
Why?
Glioma
1
1986
272
0.020
Why?
Acetazolamide
1
1983
9
0.020
Why?
Mammals
1
1985
135
0.020
Why?
Manganese
1
1983
52
0.020
Why?
Apoptosis
1
2011
1667
0.020
Why?
Phenotype
1
2008
1949
0.020
Why?
Mice, Inbred C57BL
1
2008
2780
0.020
Why?
Ischemia
1
1983
222
0.020
Why?
Brain Neoplasms
1
1986
681
0.020
Why?
Sucrose
2
1991
59
0.010
Why?
Electrolytes
1
1978
52
0.010
Why?
Models, Biological
1
1986
1646
0.010
Why?
Cell Membrane Permeability
1
1978
132
0.010
Why?
Nitrobenzenes
1
1976
9
0.010
Why?
Monensin
1
1976
15
0.010
Why?
Mice
1
2008
9937
0.010
Why?
Rats, Inbred SHR
1
1991
29
0.010
Why?
Body Water
1
1991
50
0.010
Why?
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds
1
1991
85
0.010
Why?
Radioisotope Dilution Technique
1
1969
6
0.010
Why?
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
1
1969
4
0.010
Why?
Cholelithiasis
1
1969
33
0.010
Why?
Tea
1
1969
13
0.010
Why?
Hydrochloric Acid
1
1989
12
0.010
Why?
Solutions
1
1987
91
0.010
Why?
Injections
1
1987
102
0.010
Why?
Necrosis
1
1987
201
0.010
Why?
Dimethadione
1
1986
1
0.010
Why?
Autoradiography
1
1986
77
0.010
Why?
Capillary Permeability
1
1987
132
0.010
Why?
Rats, Inbred F344
1
1986
174
0.010
Why?
Cats
1
1978
306
0.000
Why?
Kraig's Networks
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